Editor of Flemish Gülen inspired newspaper threatened

The press officer of the Turkish embassy has personally threatened Mete Öztürk, editor of the Gülen inspired newspaper Zaman Vandaag (Zaman Today), two hours after the coup and said that the Turkish people in Belgium should take steps against Zaman journalists.

At the Flemish televison channel VRT affairs program Terzake, Zaman Today editor Mete Öztürk told how he and his journalists were threatened.

The attempted coup of Friday – which Erdogan considers Gülen to be his rival and the responsible in charge. This incrimination brought several Turks living in Belgium on the streets to attack mosques and cultural centres of the Gülen movement.

For days Erdogan supporters created amok in Beringen, where a community of Gülen supporters were harassed and the police had to intervene massively.

Mete Öztürk, editor of the gülenist inspired newspaper Zaman Today of which the motherjournal Zaman in the spring was placed under state supervision, denounces that people of Turkish origin are mobilized here from Turkey.

“If you look at the media in Turkey, which are all controlled by the government and all tell the same story that Gülenists are behind the coup attempt.”

“Hate messages are constantly fed not only by the media but also a number of umbrella organizations in Belgium which here convey the agenda of the AKP (Erdogan’s party, ed.),”

Says Öztürk.

According to him, the journalist received already more than a hundred threats, including from the press attaché of the Turkish Embassy.

“They threatened me personally two hours after the coup and said that the Turkish people here should take steps against Zaman journalists. That’s unbelievable.”

That brings the Turkish embassy again in dire straits after the Turkish ambassador had criticized the Flemish Government for questionable ties to the Gülen movement Flemish Minister Geert Bourgeois (N-VA) responded incensed and a few days later got apologies from the Turkish ambassador which he accepted.

But Turkey is not only attacking critical journalists in other countries, in the own country they go for the judiciary, courts, the police, the military, even educationalists. AEducation ministry officials, private school teachers and university heads of faculty together account for more than half the people targeted in the crackdown.

On Wednesday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan declared a state of emergency for three months following the coup and consolidates his power on a scale largely unprecedented since Turkey’s first democratic elections in 1946.

The state of emergency, ideal for him to get rid of all who is standing in his way, allows the president and cabinet to bypass parliament when drafting new laws and to restrict or suspend rights and freedoms.

The move has drawn criticism from leaders in France and Germany, as well as from top EU officials. Clearly Turkey is braking the laws of human justice and showing to Europe it is a sort of country Europe can miss as toothache.

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Reference

Zaman Vandaag-hoofdredacteur Öztürk: “Bedreigd door persattaché Turkse ambassade”

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Preceding articles

Bosphorus bloodshed

Belgian aftershock from the Turkish coup d’état

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Further reading

  1. Can you really pull off a coup d’état these days?
  2. Jubilant Erdogan supporters celebrate coup failure
  3. Erdogan might emerge stronger from coup crisis
  4. Media Psyops from Iraq’s WMD’s to the Turkey Coup Attempt
  5. Turkey Coup – Erdogan vs Gulen; A WWIII
  6. #TurkeycoupTurkey’s President, Erdogan, declares state of emergency
  7. Turkey’s Coup Signals A Generational Shift to Islamism
  8. Turkey Failed Coup: Erdogan, the Gulenists & An Age of ‘Universal Deceit’…
  9. Turkey has suspended the EU HRC Human Rights Convention following military coup attempt
  10. The Beautiful Pocono Mountains and the Beloved of Allah
  11. ‘Nothing to see here, we’re all fine’ says overly cheerful Turkish government
  12. Turkey Between Two Fascisms
  13. A Turkey of a Coup, by Dmitry Orlov
  14. Turkey: U.S. Could Extradite Accused Cleric ‘In a Short Period’
  15. Anti-coup charade in Turkey: Erdogan cracks the whip
  16. A thought for Turkey
  17. Turkey – Murky History but Clear Future (1/2)
  18. Turkey Failed Coup: Erdogan, the Gulenists & An Age of ‘Universal Deceit’…
Posted in News and Politics | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Belgian aftershock from the Turkish coup d’état

Belgian Ummah

The Ummah (Arabic: الامة الاسلامية Al-Ummah al-Islamiyya or simply Al-umma) or worldwide Islamic community in Belgium feels the aftershock of the Turkish coup d’état.  The Ummah is seen as a global unit to which those countries are counted where Islam is the main religion, or, more generally, those persons who are Muslim, but like in Christendom there is a lot of variety in the believes of those Musulman.

Already last Ramadan the office of the Community Education received several requests from parents not having their children following music class because that would be a sinful action.

Students from the first years of secondary school refuse to participate in music class because they consider music and singing as haram (forbidden, say sin). Acts that are haram are typically prohibited in the religious texts of the Quran and the Sunnah.

If the school tells them that they need to participate because the state has determined it in the endterms and because it is on points which count for their end result, then those young children cry. They are afraid that the devil appears in the class, which is nowhere written. But today we do notice the same as for so called Christians that they do not really know what is written in their Holy Scriptures and believe more what the indoctrinational humanteachings (doctrines of man) offer them.

It is not about recalcitrant teenagers but about young children. In elementary school they refuse to go to swimming lessons in the Ramadan because it’s fast and then they should ingest no drink of water, and when swimming this could accidentally happen.

We can see that several youngsters become more conservative than their own parents or even go away form their parents Islamic faith to connect with more fundamentalist teachers. Often this brings friction in the homes and also gets some youngsters to decide to come up for the “Islamic cause” and going to fight in Syria.

Previous years, children younger than eleven, twelve years did not participate in the rigid way of Ramadan, because it’s not necessary according to the official Islamic rules (Sharia). But today we see the infiltration of much ore fundamental teachings, mainly form garage mosques and from the official Wahhabi and Saudi Arabic mosques.

Islamic division

That there comes a more disturbing division between the denominations of Islamic schools is clearly seen with what happens in Belgium the last few days. From the Belgian population 25% may adhere Islamic faith, but believing totally different issues. It often goes so far that in one family there may be division because the children are married in different faith groups which do not only disagree with each other, but also clearly show their dissatisfaction concerning each-other’s beliefs.

Turks or Belgians or Belgian Turks

When nationalistic feelings enter the cause it becomes worse, certainly when it reaches the point to coming to statism, it showed this last weekend. We must be aware of the existence of  shadowy Koranic schools, non-profit organizations which nobody knows what they preach. They apparently indoctrinate those children, but today we also should question who is teaching those children such national feelings not for the country they live in but for the country their grandparents left long ago.

The previous days in Beringen (Belgian Limburg) Turkish minds got very heated, following the attempted coup in Turkey. The military action in Turkey also resounded in Belgium already on the night of the attempted coup d’ état.

Willing to keep Salam or not

Like many foreigners they suddenly seem to forget that Islam, a name given by Allah to their religion (Quran 5:4) is an Arabic word which literally means obedience and salam or peace, also Allah or God being a bringer and giver of peace. What should be the seed of peace, Islam being derived from the Arabic root “Salema” should be a religion where peace, purity, submission and obedience are the main issue of life, following the Quran the message of peace. In the East many have lost the horizon and the North, but here in Belgium it looks like several Turkish Musulman also have forgotten that the ‘Islam‘ is the path of those who are obedient to Allah and who should establish peace with Him and His creatures. Many of the Turkish community living in Belgium claiming to be followers of the prophet Muhammad and therefore being called Muslims, showed the non-Muslims in Belgium that there is a severe schism in Islam and that those who were allowed to live here do not seem to accept the same freedom of religious thought the Belgian citizens are allowing to all who come to live here.

Constitutional state

A few weeks ago Flemish Prime Minister Bourgeois moved along at the dinner table at the end of the Ramadan, like he did as well in Ghent last year, when he was able to find that the iftar (or Fatoor) is a moment of solidarity and hospitality. Then as this year PM Bourgeois talked about our freedoms in our “rechtsstaat” (German: Rechtsstaat) a doctrine in continental European legal thinking, originally borrowed from German jurisprudence, which can be translated as a “legal state”, “state of law”, “state of justice”, “state of rights” or “state based on justice and integrity”.

Belgium is a fabricated, concocted amalgamation of different peoples, but a “constitutional state” in which the exercise of governmental power is constrained by the law, which is voted by the democratic chosen ones. The juridical system is often tied to the Anglo-American concept of the rule of law, but differs from it in that it also places an emphasis on what is just (i.e. a concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion or equity). Thus it is the opposite of Obrigkeitsstaat or authoritarian state (a state based on the arbitrary use of power). {Free dictionary of languages}

When you know that in a Rechtsstaat, the power of the state is limited in order to protect citizens from the arbitrary exercise of authority,  the citizens share legally-based civil liberties enabling them to use the courts for any dispute which may occur. According to our idea, a country cannot be a liberal democracy without first being a Rechtsstaat. In our rule of law

“Our values, our rights and freedoms are the only way to an open and free society. Without our rights and liberties can a religious community like yours not live freely and uninhibited do its rituals. Our enemies are all those who try to undermine our open society with violence, “

said the Prime Minister.

Undemocratic attitude

On the 19th of July, Minister-President of Flanders Geert Bourgeois therefore criticized a spokesman of the Turkish embassy in Brussels, who had condemned purported good relations between Bourgeois, Flemish authorities and Flemish organizations on the one hand and the Gülen movement (Hizmet) on the other hand. Geert Bourgeois also denounced the dismissal of thousands of magistrates and teachers after the coup, stating that this is analogue to Nazi Germany and not worthy of a democracy and the rule of law.

Violence and hatred where shown aggressively on the streets of several Limburgian villages and ex-mining towns.

During Ramadan we heard already of some attacks against recordshops but also of protesters against those radical Muslims.

Last month there were days when hundreds of people went on the streets to protest against the conservative Islamic party AKP government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. They shouted slogans like

“all together against fascism

and called Erdogan a “thief” and a “murderer”. The police fired tear gas and used water cannons to drive the demonstrators apart and several people were arrested.

Now several of the Turkish community took revenge and treated people with death. Several Turks who belong to the Gülen movement got to flee and hide in safe places.

Turkish but also European social media silenced

It is unbelievable how many Turks came already on the streets on the night of the coup. We do know many, daily watch the Turkish television, with the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, also known as TRT everywhere available in Belgium, so they are up to date of the Turkish situation and for them we can understand they also have their Turkish national flag at hand.

State-run broadcaster Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT), which has been criticized by the opposition parties for hiring employees based on their affiliation with the ruling party, has announced a TL 89 million loss for 2015. {State-run TRT announces TL 89 million loss in 2015}

Dutch Turks gathered Friday at the Turkish consulate in Rotterdam and expressed their support for Erdogan. © anp.

Several Turkish television stations, like the private Bengü Türk TV and Samanyolu TV, S Haber TV, Bugün TV, Kanaltürk TV and İMC TV, which all could be received in Belgium, were taken off the air by the state-owned Turkish Satellite Communications Company (Türksat) early on Tuesday due to financial problems amid increasing government pressure on critical media.

Lots of Turks living in Belgium and the Netherlands blocked the Facebook page that had as title “Nederland mijn vaderland“, “Netherlands my fatherland” or “Netherlands my homeland”.
According spokesman Thomas van Elst, who also wants to create a party close to the PVV, users reported the page to Facebook for its anti-Erdogan messages, though there is nothing heavy opinionated. He said

‘We believe that supporters of Erdogan reported to us en masse, allowing a program behind Facebook to automatically take the Facebookpage offline.”

Van Elst then lodged an objection on Facebook for all posts on Friday, including those of Turkey being removed. The page therefore came back online on the 19th of July. Van Elst thinks himself that the media coverage has played a major role.

“Netherlands my homeland” has recently become the largest nationalist internet forum in the Netherlands. The page was established in 2005 on the then-popular social networking site Hyves and has over 250,000 likes on Facebook. In the past year one of the founders of the website was in the news because he was behind the tailswing event for Sylvana Simons. This former presenter has joined the political movement “Denk” (“Think”) or Kuzu Group Öztürk the political party founded at the end of 2014 by Tunahan Kuzu and Selçuk Öztürk.

Seleuk Ozturk (left) and Tunahan Kuzu (right) speak to the media, November 2014. (Image source: NPO video screenshot)

Although their party, Group Kuzu/Ozturk, has not yet been entirely defined, its creators describe it in sweeping terms as “the party the Netherlands longs for,” aimed at promoting “a society in which everyone is treated equally.”

Criticism and Freedom of speech

Several actions of certain Turks, with Belgian nationality as well, are contrary the Belgian and European way of freedom thinking inclusive Freedom of speech and Freedom of religion.

After the failed coup Friday in Turkey, Erdogan is pointing to Fetullah Gülen, as responsible. Gülen is an authoritative mainstream Turkish Muslim scholar and liberal Islamic thinker of  the Kurdish Sunni Muslim Nurcu movement in the Sufi tradition. He established many K–12 schools, universities [a.o. the Islamic University of Rotterdam (Islamitische Universiteit Rotterdam, also known by its acronym IUR, a vocational university founded in 1997], and language schools around the world inspired by his thinkings. Because of his powerful business position and having somewhere between 3 million and 6 million Gülen followers — or, to use the term they prefer, people who are “inspired” by him, he is eyesore for Erdogan and many Erdogan fans. Envy makes many not trusting his organisation.

“This tendency has long been underway. The Gülen movement is criticized for many things, and even terrorism. But never anything could be proven ,”

“Haatcampagne al langer bezig”said Islam teacher Bahattin Koçak spokesman for Fedactio, a Turkish association associated with the Gülen movement.

He regretted that the coup is put in their shoes.

“Even more, democracy is absolutely sacred to us. So we are one hundred percent against any coup.”

Tensions running high

Is it perhaps because the Gülen movement is based on the Sufi tradition following one of the great charismatic religious personalities of the late Ottoman Caliphate and early Turkish Republic, Said Nursî (1878–1960) that so many Turkish people declare their hatred against them? His Risale-i Nur, disdained and sometimes banned by the Republic, nevertheless became the basis for the formation of “reading circles” — geographically dispersed communities the size of small towns that gathered to read, discuss, and internalize the text and to duplicate it when it was banned. Nurcus tend to say, roughly, that the Risale-i Nur is distilled from the Koran; non-Nurcus often find the claim inappropriate or arrogant.

Tensions between supporters of Erdogan and those of Gülen are running high. Supporters of Erdogan already came on the Belgian streets, making lots of noise and making amok, now already for five days.

Big problem is that many Turks living in Belgium believe the Turkish leader Erdogan who since Saturday is working on a “purge” calling his opponents the

“cancer that has affected the entire Turkish state” ,

a virus that has to be expelled.

Last weekend the office of Fedactio was pelted with stones and is it in Beringen – where with the Gülen sympathizers association Vuslat is active – for several days in a row restless. It looks like the battlefield of Turkey, though it may be over in Turkey, continues in our regions. It is incredible how much hate comes out of the mouths of those who are allowed to live in this state of free spirits where everybody may say what he thinks and where so many nationalities and religions are allowed to live together in peace.

Knowing where to live and where to belong

Clearly those Turks, who might also have the Belgian nationality, seem to forget where they live. Perhaps they better make the choice in which country they want to live and under which conditions.

Like Koçak says for those Turks living in Belgium

“The divisions in the political sphere is therefore never been greater.”

His impression

“Either you’re for Erdogan, either you are an enemy of the state.

We want to act like nothing better to come to a dialogue with the supporters of Erdogan, but that’s just not possible. The other side does not want to listen, even if we want to reconcile.”

The Turkish Embassy in Brussels believes that the Flemish government must do research into the financial flows in the Gülen movement and related organizations in Flanders.

“Then they will be found ‘paravents’ , screens were behind the terror lies.”

said spokesman Veysel Filiz on July the 19th in the Gazet van Antwerpen.

According to the Turkish government, it is that movement led by Gülen, which did the coup attempt last Friday. The spokesman of the embassy said

“They are terrorists, without more, like IS and the PKK.”

The (Erdogan-) Turks are against all those cultural centres, schools and companies of that movement in Belgium because

“All these so-called socio-cultural associations, schools and companies form a network that serves to raise money for the movement. Who support the Gülen movement, directly supports terrorism.”

It is known that Gülen organizations have good relations with European governments.

“And certainly with the Flemish government and Prime Minister Geert Bourgeois,”

says Veysel Filiz.

“They can sell themself well. Two years ago they even wondered if Gülen could not be relocated to Flanders, at their centre in Beringen, as the US had wanted to extradite him.”

Whilst the Turkish President Erdogan yesterday continued relentlessly the witch hunt against Gülen sympathizers in their own country, there grew a deeper divide in Belgium between the Turks who are pro-Erdogan (the majority) and Gülen sympathizers.

Through social media or just on the streets is called to boycott shops and businesses of Gülen supporters. The Limburg Governor Herman Reynders suggested the day before yesterday, after crisis meeting that it should cease and that hate-mongers will be followed by the police. Antwerp remains calm, but prominent Gülenfigures complain that they have been disowned, driven away and threatened.

The mayor of Beringen said that it has been made clear that Erdogan will ask for the extradition of Gülen-supporters [without Belgium being specifically specified]. Nevertheless, by 18 July 2016, there had been no requests by the Turkish government to Belgium for the extradition of persons related to the coup d’état. Newspaper articles claimed that Belgian governments would not simply consent to each extradition request.

Denying any involvement

Gülen roept Washington op om elke vraag tot uitlevering af te wijzen

Gülen calls on Washington to reject any request for extradition – Photo AFP

Muslim preacher Fethullah Gülen, former ally of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, asked the United States, where he resides, to reject extradition requests by Turkey. Turkey has sent Tuesday four documents to the US that would prove the Gülen involvement in the failed coup in Turkey. But Gülen keeps denying any involvement in the coup attempt.

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Military Coup in Turkey

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Amsterdam, far away from Istanbul, and not at all in Turkey

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The Coup in Turkey brought in Rotterdam hundreds of people on their feet. On the night of Friday to Saturday supporters of Turkish President Erdogan went on the streets to show their support. On Westblaak and Churchillplein they gathered with Turkish flags and drove around honking cars. They shouted slogans and sang the Turkish national anthem. The Rotterdam Councilor Nida Nourdin El Ouali gave a spontaneous speech:

“We have a message to Prime Minister Rutte We want him to take distance from this illegal coup.

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Several Turkish organizations from Rotterdam reacted on Monday evening to consult with each other and with Moroccan-born mayor of Rotterdam Mayor Ahmed Aboutaleb. The aim is to keep the peace after the failed coup in Turkey last weekend, with over three hundred dead. The same as in Turkey itself again tensions builded up between Turks themselves in the Netherlands (Belgium & Holland). Rivalry is especially felt between supporters of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and followers of the Islamic scholar Fethullah Gülen.

In the past the mayor already said Muslim immigrants who do not appreciate the way of life in Western civilisations can ‘f*** off’.

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EU foreign ministers arrived in Brussels, on Monday morning, to hold meetings alongside US Secretary of State John Kerry. They are expected to discuss EU-US relations, the situation in Turkey and the attack in Nice, among others.

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Reference articles

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Preceding articles

Turkey a wolf in the sheep house of the European Union

Turkey witnessing a surge in xenophobia

Is Turkey attempting to resurrect the Ottoman Empire

RIA Novosti: The West’s Turkey Problem

Bosphorus bloodshed

Mountains of information, disinformation and breaking away

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Additional reading

  1. Growing rift between observant parents and their children
  2. The sin of partiality

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Bosphorus bloodshed

Nice is a very popular place by Belgians to go on holiday, but Istanbul is also a very great favourite.

The most populous city in Turkey and the country’s economic, cultural, and historic centre at the Bosporus, also spelled Bosphorus is one of the big attractions for Europeans. The Turkish İstanbul Boğazı or Karadenız Boğazı, strait (boğaz, “throat”) uniting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara and separating parts of Asian Turkey (Anatolia) from European Turkey by the  world’s narrowest strait allowing cruise ships coming in this eastern world by extension via the Dardanelles, the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas. Also many tours by coaches do find this metropolitan city, of 17 million inhabitants, on the map.

The West was frightened on Thursday night the 14th of July with Nice. On Friday followed the bad news of a coup in Turkey, just at a time many Belgian tourists headed to Turkey.

It seemed that, at last, the army found it high time to halt the fickle Islamisation by the Erdogan government.

© reuters.

Aziz Babuscu, an AKP parliamentarian from Istanbul saw in this military coup an attempt from the West to bring in more international power and more co-operation from Turkey with Europe.

Babuscu said

“These international centres of power find it impossible to stomach a Turkey that is a regional leader.”

Fethullah Gulen -Photo by Ted.Regencia July 16

The Turkish politics became heated in the Belgian Limburg where several Turks got on the street to demonstrate and to attack those of the Turkish community they thought were responsible for the coup. Those who belong to the denomination of Muslims of the Gülen community were being attacked throughout the weekend, on which the Belgian minister of foreign affairs asked to leave out foreign politics from Belgian politics and to stop the attacks on the mosques and cultural centres.

President Erdogan was the man who had called up the Turkish community to go against the Muslims who are following their spiritual leader Fethullah Gülen, who lives at the moment in the United States of America and is the inspiration figure for its largest organization, the Alliance for Shared Values. Mr Erdogan called for him to be extradited from the US. Mr Gülen strongly denies any involvement and 68th  United States Secretary of State John Kerry asked for proof that he would be involved.

On Friday it looked positive having a press notice that Turkey’s military had officially declared a coup and said that it has “taken control of the country”, shutting down major bridges and Istanbul’s main airport,

“to reinstall the constitutional order, democracy, human rights and freedoms, to ensure that the rule of law once again reigns in the country, for the law and order to be reinstated.”

The previous months we had seen that once again the president had done everything to silence those who had an other opinion than him.

Former Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu

On Saturday the 1st army commander Ümit Dündar said on TV that the army did not support the coup. Also the former Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu condemned the ongoing military coup in the country as an “attack against democracy”.

He proclaimed

“Turkey is a democracy. There is no question of legitimacy in Turkey. There is a legitimate government.”

Pro-Erdogandemonstranten in Istanbul.

Pro-erdogan demonstrators in Istanbul

Counting on it that the coup would fail the president used the television channels to call the Turkish people to come on the streets. It was very strange to see so quickly so many people coming on the streets with Turkish flags, as if so many citizens would normally have a national flag in their home.

In Turkey, but also in other countries like Germany and Belgium, Erdogan fans came on the streets making lots of noise and throwing stones in the windows of several mosques and cultural centres of the Gülen movement.

We heard several people saying

Whatever is the price we will protect our democratic country”

Many Belgian Turks seemed to be convinced that Erdogan is the best president they have and has done the bes for their country. If they love him so much and do find he is so democratic, why do they live hear and do not want other Turks and Kurds living in our democratic country having their own Islamic faith and not the one Erdogan wants every citizen in his country to have?

After thousands of people heeded a call from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and took to the streets an unseen killing took place.

Belgians enjoying their holiday at the same resort in Marmaris where president Erdogan was staying said they were asked to stay in their hotel room, but heard the shooting and came to know that the president could escape. Warned by his intelligence that a coup was in progress, Mr Erdogan left the hotel. As the president sped to the regional Dalaman airport, three of his staff were killed by the soldiers. At least two fighter jets followed and “harassed” Mr Erdogan’s private plane over the sea of Marmara, stopping him from landing in Istanbul for hours, according to a Turkish official.

In the capital Ankara, gunshots and loud explosions were heard, as military jets and helicopters were seen flying overhead, a Reuters news agency witness said. The  state-run Anadolu Agency reported that a military helicopter had attacked the Ankara police headquarters and Reuters said the parliament was surrounded with tanks. On television we could see how continues shooting took place from the helicopter but did not stop people climbing on the tanks and pounding on the soldiers who did not seem any chance against the big crowd.

Before the television screens went black the TRT Turk newsreader read the army communication

We also could see on television how soldiers had entered the government-funded television network’s building, ordered the channel off the air and taken the phones of staff members. A few minutes later a young lady read calmly a statement that a coup took place to stabilise the country again.

It was funny or surreal to see how the besieged Turkish leader was speaking from an undisclosed location into the camera of a mobile phone held by a newsreader at CNN-Turk. The presenter unclipped her microphone and held it close to the producer’s phone, and the camera zoomed in on Mr Erdogan’s face which looked determined to overcome this treason. He took the occasion to ask ‘his people’ to come on the streets. By the thousands they complied: confronting soldiers, lying in front of tanks and swarming the airport in Istanbul.

Also mosques were used to send the message by the loudspeakers, chanting out a salaa. That call, different from the five times a day call to prayer, is rarely used, usually after the death of an important person, and in this case, to warn, mobilise and encourage people.

Istanbul’s two major bridges connecting the Asian side of Istanbul to the European side, Bosphorus Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge were shut down by the army, local television channels reported, but at the same time we could see masses of people going near to the tanks.

The soldiers shouted at people to leave, but they wouldn’t, so they started firing into the air, but the incited mass did not seem to have any fear.

1971, 1980 had soldiers intervening. In 1997 the last coup attempt failed and soon it looked like this one was also going to go into history as a lost case.

It became clear that both the Turkish military, one of the world’s largest, and the Turkish intelligence services, one of the world’s most active, failed to halt the infiltration of its highest ranks by men whose loyalty lay not with the country’s democratically elected government, but — so Mr Erdogan alleges — with an ageing, self-exiled cleric living on a small farm in Pennsylvania: Fethullah Gülen. And lots of Turks living in West Europe seem to believe that and do not want to consider it might ever be orchestrated by the man in power himself to strengthen his position with a coup de théatre.

What the reality might be, once more, lots of civilians found their death and were used as living targets for both parties.

At least 290 people were killed and more than a thousand were injured. Many government buildings, including the Turkish Parliament and the Presidential Palace, were damaged.

The conspirators, according to Turkish officials, included 24 generals, more than 20 colonels, at least 6,000 other soldiers who have already been detained, and another 3,000 still being sought for arrest and and 2,745 judges arrested very quickly after the failed coup d’état. Late on Sunday, Colonel Ali Yazici, the aide-de-camp to the president who had unfettered access to Mr Erdogan, was arrested.

Pro-Sharia Islamic supremacist Erdogan got support from many Islam Brothers and Muslim Brotherhood-linked groups. Some utter it is just that connection with the Muslim Brotherhood that had upset the army in Turkey.

“The army didn’t feel that Erdogan was seriously putting pressure on IS [Islamic State terrorist group, or Daesh in Arabic] as many sources has been indicating,”

Samir Aita, a member of the Syrian Democratic Forum opposition party, said.

Though Turkey is an important NATO ally in the fight against the Islamic State, sometimes it gives the impression to play a game with the West just to put pressure on it to join the European Union and to receive funds. The West is aware that Erdogan got his seat in a democratic way and that the people seem to like what he is doing and offering them. Though it might not be our cup of tea, do we have to respect the choice of the Turkish majority. But that does not mean we should give in to Erdogan and take the Trojan horse in our regions, nor that we should accept that Turkish immigrants play their little war here on West European grounds.

In Turkey, Sunday night thousands of people took to the streets for a “vigil for democracy” after the failed coup attempt Friday by part of the army. Turkish media reports about victory celebrations in cities across the country.

After this failed coup Erdogan’s position to reshape the army and the country even further, might be strengthened.

Call by mourners reawakens political demon in Turkey. Recep Tayyip Erdogan supporters demand return of death penalty.

Turkey backlash “Restraint” was the keyword from the foreign affairs meeting on Monday. Both the US secretary of state and EU foreign ministers warned the Turkish government not to go too far in its reprisals over the failed coup. Ankara does not appear to be listening as a full-blown purge rips through the Turkish establishment. With Ankara set to file an application to extradite a US-based imam over the coup, a diplomatic storm is brewing.  {Financial Times – Brussels Briefing 2016 July 19}

On Monday, Johannes Hahn, the European commissioner for regional affairs, suggested that Erdogan had been ready for a crackdown.

The arrests showed “at least [that] something has been prepared” because “lists are available already,”

Hahn said.

Also Secretary of State John Kerry noticed that a lot of people have been arrested very quickly. He told journalists

“The level of vigilance and scrutiny is going to be very significant in the days ahead.”

If the Turkish government goes too far with its ongoing purge of thousands of military personnel, judges, and police officers accused of involvement in last weekend’s failed coup attempt, its actions could have consequences for the NATO alliance.

The EU’s foreign-policy chief, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the European Commission in the Juncker Commission Federica Mogherini, was clear that

“No country can become an EU member state if it introduces death penalty.”

German press secretary, Steffen Seibert, stated that reinstituting the death penalty, what may Turks were demanding, will end Turkey’s accession talks with the European Union.

Kerry said he spoke with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Cavusoglu several times over the weekend and had received assurances that Ankara will respect the democratic process. U.S. State Department spokesman John Kirby clarified on Monday that there is no immediate threat of Turkey losing its NATO membership but that

“we are all watching what they are doing.” {Kerry Warns Turkey That Actions Could Have NATO Consequences}

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Preceding articles

Turkey a wolf in the sheep house of the European Union

Turkey witnessing a surge in xenophobia

Is Turkey attempting to resurrect the Ottoman Empire

RIA Novosti: The West’s Turkey Problem

Mountains of information, disinformation and breaking away

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Additional reading

  1. Growing separation and problems in Turkey
  2. Unprecedented violence against protesters and social protest
  3. Bestepe People’s Mosque for Turkey’s people
  4. Mountains of information, disinformation and breaking away (on From Guestwriters)
  5. Nice attack, terror everywhere and coup attempt in Turkey

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Further reading

  1. Military claims control after coup in Turkey, Erdogan government vows resistance
  2. Erdogan Flies to Istanbul, Declares Coup Dead, and Vows Payback
  3. Turkish coup attempt caused by Erdogan’s “support of Islamists”
  4. Turkey coup attempt: General Akin Ozturk denies role in plot
  5. Turkey coup attempt: World leaders warn President Erdogan not to use uprising as excuse for crackdown as more than 6,000 arrested
  6. Turkey: Coup ‘silence’ and pointing fingers at the West
    Turkish officials accuse allies of slow reaction to the coup, as analysts warn such allegations will damage ties.
  7. Turkish coup attempt reportedly fails, Obama backs Erdogan, Erdogan vows arrests
  8. Turkey coup arrests hit 6,000 as Erdogan roots out ‘virus’
  9. Turkey coup: Disturbing picture shows soldiers ‘bound naked’ as Turkish President is warned over ‘purges’
  10. Military coup was well planned and very nearly succeeded, say Turkish officials
  11. West warns Turkey on crackdown, Trump’s ghostwriter tells all and the perils of full-time work
  12. Kerry Warns Turkey That Actions Could Have NATO Consequences
  13. Photo slideshow: Militaire staatsgreep in Turkije mislukt
  14. The Glory of the 21st Century
  15. Facebook, Twitter and YouTube blocked in Turkey during reported coup attempt
  16. How to circumvent Turkey’s social media block — TechCrunch
  17. Insight: Simmering anger at Erdogan’s authoritarianism boils over in Turkey – Reuters
  18. Turkey PM: Twitter a ‘Danger to Society’
  19. Protests Show Turks Can’t Tolerate Erdogan Anymore
  20. Turkey’s Middle Class Fuels the Protest
  21. Wrong Side of (Turkish) History
  22. Turkish PM Erdogan Tries to Downplay Occupy Gezi Protests
  23. Coup In Turkey
  24. Turkish Coup Accused of being Faked by the Government.
  25. Erdogan’s Triumph
  26. The Prize: Turkey
  27. Group in Turkish Military Attempts Coup, PM Says — Time
  28. Also in Media: “Erdogan’s Islamist mobs know that their moment has finally arrived” | Coffee House
  29. Opinion: How I see Reuben Abati’s article
  30. Turkish Government’s Purge reaches 20,000 Following Failed Coup Attempt.
  31. Six Hours into the Turkish “Coup” – Updated – Golden Age of Gaia
Posted in Crisis, History, News and Politics, Visuals (Video, Photo, Cartoon) | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Mountains of information, disinformation and breaking away

In my latest article for my lifestyle magazine I look at the growing tendency of questioning the information that people may receive by social media and the more controlled mass media.

By the years governments have become better experts in getting people to police one another but also to try them giving false information so that the citizens can’t recognise the truth any more and get more afraid, so that the state can use that fear to get more control.

We can see that “Fear” is more and more being used as a weapon to get citizens under control or having them voting for one are the other political party with the goal to have everybody under control. Creating fear may have people giving the control out of their hands. As such their destiny shall be decided by others.

Today many may think nothing is hidden, but they may be mistaken or misguided. They should now that lots of information is filtered before it gets into out living room. Some think they have social media bringing them up to date with all the real happenings of this world, but often they get voyeuristic news-gathering and do not take the time to sincerely look deeper into the matter.

Not many secrets shall be exposed, though we might find some whistleblowers and people who are eager to bring the truth in the daylight.

In my article I take a closer look at an article by Zy Marquiez published on his blog The BreakAway, with the title 7 Actions Individuals Can Take To Navigate Through The Media Minefield.

What is important for every citizen to remember is that everything which gets under our eyes has to be examined for its validity.

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Additional reading

  1. Control your destiny or somebody else will
  2. Standing aside or looking at election days
  3. There’s no thief like a bad book
  4. Control and change
  5. Know Who goes with us and don’t try to control life

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Further reading

  1. “Tuesday Wisdom”
  2. The Glory of the 21st Century
  3. If you’re afraid, don’t be afraid.
  4. Falling Asleep
  5. Something is wrong
  6. Day One
  7. Dalits’ flogging in Una sparks angry protests in Saurashtra – Tv9 Gujarati
  8. ‘The West needs to understand it is inevitable: Islam is coming back’
  9. State of Affairs
  10. NYT Pampers Erdogan – Declares Secularism To Be Extreme
  11. Different Cultures
  12. Media observation #24 – live streaming taking over TV

From guestwriters

With the terrorist attacks in Paris, Brussels and now in Nice we can find lots of information and disinformation on the net.

File:Barbarians at the gate.jpg Mark Evans, Loren Feldman, Cynthia Brumfield, Rachel Sklar

I must remark that in the blogging world there are lots of people who try to break down or crush all that is said in the media and want their readers to believe it is all fake. I noticed this with the lies about the Brussels Airport (where I also work and could see the real damage), of which bloggers said the published photo’s were fake or from other places, etc.

With certain bloggers I chatted and became convinced they intentionally wrote such lies, whilst others I became convinced they were not so good in their head. The last category hopefully would be recognised soon by their readers, but for the first category it is much more difficult for…

View original post 3,540 more words

Posted in B4Peace, Culture, Dagboek = Diary, News and Politics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Mediterranean bloodshed

Thursday night, on Bastille day, July the 14th of 2016, a city known for her wide Muslim community, providing lots of Jihad fighters, was shaken and had to see many Muslims, Arabs, Tunisians killed among the many French, Americans and many other tourists from all over the world.

Several children who were brought up by God loving parents, who praise Allah and keep to His ordinances found death on the day they wanted to celebrate the work what was done by the French compatriots to get freedom of thought, freedom of movement and also freedom of religion.

Now they were killed by someone who said he was doing this act of martyrdom in the Name of that same Allah.

In a truck were the windshield was replaced with bulletproof glass or coated with bullet-resistant material, according to experts, he started a race of death going from one site to the other on a lovely promenade where every day and night lots of tourists enjoy the Mediterranean Sea.

Now after the facts it might be easy for us to complain and wonder why given that France has been on high alert since the November 2015 coordinated terror attacks that struck Paris, killing 130 people, the government was not more prepared for potential violence on a major French holiday. How was it possible that the truck could enter that zone the day before and left unattended. In it could have been hidden enough explosives to kill many more people. Why did the police did not remove that vehicle before the celebrations started?

Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel

Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel Credit: matrixpictures.co.uk

On Tuesday and Wednesday the 31-year-old Tunisian immigrant Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel drove through the Nice seafront promenade area in preparation of what would become a nightmare for many. 84 people died when he ploughed his vehicle into people celebrating Bastille Day on Thursday.  After Lahouaiej-Bouhlel was shot dead by police when his vehicle’s path along the Promenade des Anglais was eventually halted, they found his mobile phone with records suggesting he used dating websites and dabbled with drugs and drink.

The killer is said to have sent a chilling text message demanding weapons minutes before the seafront massacre, which would mean others were involved in it are connected with it as well.

The Telegraph reports

Suspects range from two Albanians suspected of supplying a pistol to Bouhlel, and others whose phone numbers appeared on the phone.

Another man, 37, arrested in Nice on Sunday is suspected of supplying arms to the killer after reportedly receiving messages saying: “Bring more weapons, bring five of them to C.”

The message is said to have been sent 18 minutes before he ploughed a 19-tonne lorry into holiday crowds, killing 84 people.

More than 200 investigators were urgently working to determine the significance of ‘C’ and whether the killer had accomplices or links with a terrorist network. {Nice terror attack: ‘soldier of Islam’ Bouhlel ‘took drugs and used dating sites to pick up men and women’}

'Loner' Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel was killed by police after unleashing carnage on the 30,000-strong crowd in Nice

‘Loner’ Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel was killed by police after unleashing carnage on the 30,000-strong crowd in Nice Credit: Matrix

On Sunday night after the arrests earlier in the day of an Albanian couple suspected of aiding Bouhlel, described by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isil) as one its “soldiers” already seven people including his ex-wife were in custody.

This attacker for sure can not be described as a faithful to Allah, when we know he enjoyed sex with more than one person, got divorced abandoning three children, and did enjoy an exuberant live in gyms and salsa bars.

Already in 2004 his father became concerned about his behaviour and let him being assessed by a psychiatrist in Tunisia.

When we do know that Nice with Marseille is a centre of Muslim fundamentalism and has lots of Jihadists in its midst it is very strange ISIS would ask to have an attack over there, because for sure many of their own brethren would be killed. Indeed lots of Muselman found the end of their life.

Alongside non-Muslim French a secular middle-class from North Africa has lived in peace at the French Riviera. It has one of France’s largest populations of Tunisian origin. Several groups of Muslims also found a nice way to live in the known port. But there are also several no-go zones where even the police does not dare to be on its own. You might find a French Molenbeek over there in the sunny region, darkening one of France’s most popular tourist destinations. In certain areas a population can be found that lives in bleak housing blocks in the city’s outlying districts, where in 2013 close to 40 percent of young people were unemployed, according to the French statistics office Insee. Such places, like we can find also around Paris and Brussels, are ideal to recruit people who want to find a way to work out their grudge against society. Omar Diaby (linked with the Al Nusra group close to Al Qaeda), a resident of Senegalese origin  now believed to be living in Syria, has been linked through an associate or associates to Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, the man who carried out the Bastille Day massacre, according to French news reports. He is one of the recruiters who managed to get 100 young people from that city to fight in Syria with extremists.

Mr. Diaby, several Muslims with knowledge of radical circles said, targeted 13- to 15-year-olds as recruits to join the fight in Syria and was notorious for using violent radicalization videos that made killing seem like a game. The French newspaper Le Monde and other French news outlets said the authorities had found cellphone records indicating that Mr. Diaby and Mr. Lahouaiej Bouhlel knew, or at least called, some of the same people.

Once more we can see that poverty, no job, no prospect for a better future is a good soil to create attackers of our society.

A problem in the city may also be that several Muslims are not registered in the town. Those Muslims not living in good conditions are also not able to vote because they have not become citizens or because they are not well organized politically, making it easier for the government to ignore their concerns. Several Muslim residents said the most worrisome trend was how immigrants were being pushed to the city’s outskirts by gentrification.

When you visit Nice you may find behind the cathedral in old Nice, a working-class neighbourhood where the local government has been buying up buildings. Already four (or five) years ago we found many derelict houses there. Several residents said the city either kept the buildings empty or turned them into cybercafes or day care centres, rather that rent them out to Muslim shopkeepers. The city has said it wants to renew the area and increase the number of pedestrian streets.

However, on Rue Italie, the once-fierce competition among numerous halal butchers has dwindled to two.

Lotfi Brick, a halal butcher from Tunisia, said the city government was

“trying to clear the Muslims from the neighborhood.”

Mr. Brick is proud that his clientele has remained diverse and loyal over the years, but he worries that could change because of gentrification — and politics.

“I have Charolais beef, the best meat in France, and reasonable prices,”

he said to Lilia Blaise and , referring to one of France’s most celebrated breeds of cattle. {Attack in Nice Turns Spotlight on City’s Religious Divisions}

“That’s why everyone shops here: Christians, Jews, Muslims,” he said. {Attack in Nice Turns Spotlight on City’s Religious Divisions}

And normally that should not be a problem. But today we do find a group which finds it easy to claim attacks, even those done by lunatics are people who have nothing to do with them, but use the name “Allah” for bringing fear and pain.

When in December 2014, a middle-aged man driving a car in Dijon, mowed down more than a dozen pedestrians within 30 minutes, occasionally shouting Islamic slogans from his window, the chief prosecutor in Dijon described the attacks as the work of a mentally unbalanced man whose motivations were vague and “hardly coherent.”

Having again a strange man zig zagging on the Promenade d’Anglais slaughtering dozens of people, we should be careful to distinguish the work of mentally ill people and those who are good by their senses wanting to have more power and willing to bring fear over many people.

Having entered an age of terrorism it can well be that too quickly people come to the conclusion that it is the “Islam world” of Daesh that attacks their free world trying to limit it and chain it to the Islamic faith.

Daniel Benjamin, a former State Department coordinator for counterterrorism and a professor at Dartmouth College said,

“the Islamic State and jihadism has become a kind of refuge for some unstable people who are at the end of their rope and decide they can redeem their screwed-up lives” by dying in the name of a cause.

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Please find to read:

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 Further reading

  1. Bastille day
  2. Horrifying moment when #France #Nice killer truck hits unsuspecting people filmed from front (Graphic) — #RT-#News #USA #UK
  3. Shock and mourning after Nice attack: ‘If he’s a nobody, who do we blame?’ – Ed Vulliamy Sunday 17 July 2016 15.30 EDT
  4. ISIS said they’re responsible for truck attack in Nice, France’, Terrorist group claims
  5. UC Berkeley student confirmed dead during terror attack on France
  6. What do you know? Languages help you understand terrorism
  7. Le 14 juillet: « Liberté, égalité, fraternité » et les valeurs voltairiennes
  8. Was the Nice Attacker Really a Jihadist? — Time
  9. The Nice Terrorist Attack, What Do We Do Now? (Graphic Image)
  10. France PM: “We should learn to live with terrorism”
  11. what the world needs now… is the Jesus kind of peace #Nice
  12. ISIS ‘soldier’ Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel smuggled £84,000 to his family in Tunisia days before murdering 84 in Nice
  13. Little Children : the Victims of Political Correctness
  14. Dear France, We feel your pain
  15. Nice Mon Amour
  16. Nice Attack and things that come to mind.
  17. Denying the Obvious
  18. Humanity Quote for Pax Populi
  19. Ban Assault Vehicles or Ask Tough Questions
  20. A week in July
  21. Nice attack: Lorry driver confirmed as Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel
  22. Nice attack: Survivor loses six family members as France mourns for victims — Metro
  23. Another Mad Mohammed
  24. How’s My Driving?
  25. Man and woman arrested over Nice terror attack — Metro
  26. Child among 18 people still in life-threatening condition following Nice terror attack — Metro
  27. French Attack: Media Focuses on Aftermath Instead of Asking Relevant Questions
  28. Idris Elba’s new film Bastille Day pulled from French cinemas after Nice attack
  29. Lone wolf terrorist: hatred and solitude against society
  30. Nice attack: What we know so far
  31. Bono hid in restaurant during Bastille Day attack
  32. California Student Among the Dead in Nice Attack — Time
  33. Fitting tribute for terrorist who killed 84 people on Nice promenade — Metro
  34. Nice attack was due to “decades of multiculturalism”…
  35. Gates of the asylum
  36. Nice, Turkey, and Baton Rouge
Posted in B4Peace, Crisis, News and Politics, Religion | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Anatomy of a World War I Artillery Barrage

That the Great War or World War I did not solve anything and that the treaties strangled the superseded, brought a few years later all those who had said “no more war” again in a terrible battle which only came to an end after again a new horrible weapon was used to shock the world , which demonised the world for many years to come.

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An on-again, off-again angry staff officer, meandering the warrens of Army doctrine knows that

A lot has been said about the role of artillery in World War I, in both its intensity and ferocity.

He looks at the opening day of the Somme on July 1, 1916 and the beginning of the Battle of Passchendaele in 1917,  and talks about the Germans who developed and perfected the “box barrage” that dropped shells on all four sides of the targeted unit, designed to cut it off from supporting units and sever its lines of communication. But also looks at all sides which incorporated poison gas into their artillery bombardments. A mix of high explosive and gas rounds was both deadly and psychologically unnerving.

Poison_gas_attack

German poison gas attack on the Chemin des Dames

Artillery = defense => initiate defensive fire

artillery shell in World War I = metal casing surrounding high explosive – usually a mixture of TNT or picric acid and ammonium nitrate and other chemicals

“overpressure” => air sucked out of the area, causing a tightening of the skin and pulsating of the eyes.

shock wave => felt strongly in the gut + Blood forced out of organs + arteries upwards towards the brain.

effects of prolonged exposure to artillery fire => “shell shock.” = “war neurosis” – now termed Post Traumatic Stress

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Preceding articles

  1. All the war-propaganda, all the screaming and lies and hatred, comes invariably from people who are not fighting… George Orwell
  2. Parade’s End and Saint Flora Castle
  3. 1914 – 2014 preparations
  4. 11 November, a day to remember #1 Until Industrialisation
  5. 11 November, a day to remember #2 From the Industrialisation
  6. Mons 2014 remembering the Great War
  7. Liège 2014 remembering the Great War
  8. August 4, 1914 to be remembered
  9. Honouring hundreds of thousands of victims of the brutal Somme battle
  10. Ulster Tower ceremony for the Irish at the Somme battle
  11. Aftermath
  12. Juncker warns for possible new war
  13. The Great War changed everything

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Additional reading

  1. Why are we killing?
  2. Reflections on the Great War #1 100 years on
  3. Reflections on the Great War #2
  4. Too Young To Fight?
  5. Remembrance isn’t only about those who fought, but also those who refused
  6. In Flanders Fields II – a new poem in response to the original
  7. Lessons of the Somme
  8. The Somme (1916) Working Class Holocaust
  9. July 4, 1916 – Battle of the Somme greeted with ‘the greatest enthusiasm’
  10. Gwalia military cemetery
  11. Truth
  12. A poem for #Somme100 
  13. Remembering the Somme 100 years on
  14. The War to end all wars

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Further reading

  1. Total War
  2. World War I History: Trench Warfare Notes, 1915
  3. Volunteer Nurses in the Great War: 1914
  4. Military Service, War, and Dementia Risks for Veterans
  5. Chemo – Mustard Gas in disguise?
  6. ‘From unexpected places’: new sources for our Great War blog
  7. The Battle of the Somme, Summer 1916
  8. Battle Of The Somme.
  9. Monday July 3, 1916
  10. July 4, 1916 – Battle of the Somme greeted with ‘the greatest enthusiasm’
  11. The Somme (1916) Working Class Holocaust
  12. [interlude] We’re Here Because We’re Here
  13. Shrouds of the Somme
  14. Remembering World War I: Early June, 1916
  15. Remembering World War I
  16. Broadway Library Commemorates the Battle of the Somme
  17. Not a spare seat at the Somme Commemoration Service in Lightwater
  18. Mark Collins – “The Lord of the Rings’” Origin at the Bloody Somme
  19. The Battle of the Somme remembered at Camberley’s war memorial
  20. Tuesday 4th July 1916
  21. Wednesday 5th July 1916
  22. The Best Laid Plans (Here Lies a Soldier, part 9)
  23. War is about repeatedly killing a man for an Achievement
  24. In commemoration
  25. Spare a thought for the men who sleep in the Somme
  26. The Great War Through the Eyes of a Poet
  27. “Maman, je meurs.”
  28. In To The Hands Of The Enemy
  29. Wipers – Review
  30. Walking The Great War
  31. Somme set of 4
  32. A Lethbridge family takes part in Remembrance Day to honor loved one
  33. Part 31 READ The Making of Modern White English Women – a handbook
  34. The Spanish Flu of 1918- Research Discoveries
  35. Here Lies a Soldier – the story thus far…
  36. WWII Vet’s Mustard Gas Claim Gets A New Review From VA
  37. The Modern Battlefield
  38. Science Makes Sense: Week 20- Chemistry and Social Justice: agents of war, mustard gas, napalm, white phosphorus.
  39. Chemotherapy the Indiscriminate Killer of Our Immune System
  40. Pandora Report 9.18.2015
  41. Veterans Used In Secret Experiments Sue Military For Answers
  42. United States generals confirms the Islamic State group used mustard gas
  43. ISIS Chemical Warfare Attack on Kurds in Iraq Raises Questions
  44. German intelligence has evidence IS used mustard gas in northern Iraq
  45. Islamic State forces are engaging in chemical warfare, says German intelligence
  46. Mustard Agent Was Used in Syria Attack, Monitoring Agency Says
  47. Mustard gas confirmed in fighting in Syria
  48. Chemical weapons watchdog believes Syrian insurgents used mustard gas
  49. What is the ISIS top chemical weapons engineer telling the US?
  50. US special forces captured ISIS chemical weapons chief in Iraq, official reveals
  51. Kurdish forces say Islamic State group used chemical weapons
  52. Diplomat: Islamic State used mustard gas against Kurdish fighters
  53. Two men with Acromegaly
  54. We’re missing the point about Syrian refugees

The Angry Staff Officer

ypres battleShells bursting at Ypres

A lot has been said about the role of artillery in World War I, in both its intensity and ferocity. On the opening day of the Somme on July 1, 1916, British guns hurled 250,000 high explosive and shrapnel shells towards German positions. During the beginning of the Battle of Passchendaele in 1917, over 3,000 British guns and howitzers fired a “creeping barrage” on German positions, with the infantry advancing fifty yards behind the moving wall of fire and steel. The Germans developed and perfected the “box barrage” that dropped shells on all four sides of the targeted unit, designed to cut it off from supporting units and sever its lines of communication. Preparatory, or “softening up,” barrages would be fired on pre-planned targets in advance of an attack. The American St. Mihiel Offensive on September 12, 1918 was preceded in some areas by a seven-hour…

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The Great War changed everything

In the past we have seen that any occasion may be taken to start a war, be it an assassination or some dispute about grounds (territory), or just greed to have more power over a wider area.

Often people are thinking they are involved in a defensive struggle for just aims or think they are doing good to go for their country, defending it or defending their goals.

Like for the Great War it was proven many years later that often it was not the one thought to be the beginner of the war (Germany in 1914) who really started the battle, though sometimes the victim became accused to be the agitator.

Germany’s and Austria-Hungary’s roles are deemphasised, and it is stressed that there were decision-makers in all the major capital cities who considered a general European war in August 1914 to be a risk worth taking. After 100 years of debate, every conceivable interpretation seems to have been advanced. In some of the most recent publications, even seeking to attribute responsibility, as had so confidently been done at Versailles, is now eschewed.

Often we also see that when certain countries were created artificially in the end it did not work and got them fighting again to restore older borders.

Award-winning journalist who covers military history and national security issues for daily newspapers and online publications, Paul Richard Huard, looks at the trigger of what cause the 9 million soldiers and 8 million civilians dying in a war like no others.

I disagree with him that war

is an elemental human experience.{saying on his about page}

He also finds that history doesn’t repeat itself, but I do think it does and it does much more than echoing it. But we can see that it is because many do not know their history that such repetitions can take place. It is the preferred deafness and blindness which takes the people making the same faults again and again.

Some of those echoes — resurgent nationalism, xenophobia, militarism, economic turmoil, and tin-eared elites deaf to the concerns of ordinary individuals on the ragged end of globalism — could presage similar events

Today many people should better look into the mirror both World War I/The Great War , the Balkan wars and World War II give us. What happened 100 years ago may have shaped the contemporary world every day but still many have not learned the lessons yet. War changes the world.

Let’s hope that drastic change isn’t around the corner.

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Preceding articles

  1. All the war-propaganda, all the screaming and lies and hatred, comes invariably from people who are not fighting… George Orwell
  2. Parade’s End and Saint Flora Castle
  3. 1914 – 2014 preparations
  4. 11 November, a day to remember #1 Until Industrialisation
  5. 11 November, a day to remember #2 From the Industrialisation
  6. Mons 2014 remembering the Great War
  7. Liège 2014 remembering the Great War
  8. August 4, 1914 to be remembered
  9. Honouring hundreds of thousands of victims of the brutal Somme battle
  10. Ulster Tower ceremony for the Irish at the Somme battle
  11. Aftermath
  12. Juncker warns for possible new war

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Additional reading

  1. A world with or without religion
  2. July 4, 1916 – Battle of the Somme greeted with ‘the greatest enthusiasm’
  3. Reflections on the Great War #1 100 years on
  4. Reflections on the Great War #2
  5. Too Young To Fight?
  6. Remembrance isn’t only about those who fought, but also those who refused
  7. In Flanders Fields II – a new poem in response to the original
  8. Lessons of the Somme

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Further reading

  1. 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins
  2. 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg – Day 2
  3. 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg – Day 3
  4. Fall Of Empire: And Then Came Chilcot
  5. The Fifth Nation in the Four Nations Approach?
  6. The Scene at Scott’s Mill by Tom Sheehan
  7. City of Thieves by David Benioff
  8. Savage, Arts Theatre
  9. Bangladesh ‘in denial’ over militant attacks: Analysts
  10. Globalization and the international war on terrorism
  11. Ep. 11 Unite the Salish! The Battle of Maple Bay
  12. The Millionth Yank
  13. Camp Cotton, Texas 7/4/1916
  14. The Daily Retro: Clear The Way
  15. America…
  16. 3rd Mass Attack in as Many Days – After Obama & Kerry say ISIS ‘on the ropes’
  17. The Almost Laughably Impotent Benghazi Report
  18. …in opposition to all military history.
  19. House of Cards
  20. A Little Chaos: Historical Landscaping in the Ancien Regime
  21. La vie à Versailles
  22. Gossip meets history at Versailles
  23. On Brexit, the lessons of history, and a shamefully unbalanced argument
  24. Nega-centennials, Nega-nations
  25. A True Suprise – Mostar
  26. -Dreams-
  27. Card Dump: War Tactics
  28. Happy July 4th… And…
  29. Apple Sued in China Over Showing of Propaganda War Film From 1990s
  30. Dear Jingo-Patriots of Amerika, I Will Not Be Joining You Today
  31. Fortress & Last day of war
  32. Shiloh ( 2016 )
  33. Saving Private Ryan (1998)
  34. The beginning
  35. War
  36. Truth
  37. The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting. Sun Tzu
  38. Wishful Thinking

The Pen and The Sword

Lewis_gun_world_war_IYesterday marked the anniversary of the assassination in 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophia, the duchess of Hohenburg, by a Serbian nationalist named Gavrilo Princip. It is common to state that the murder of the two Austro-Hungarian nobles precipitated World War I — better known as The Great War outside of the United States.

There’s no denying the effect of the murders. Austria-Hungary and its ally Imperial Germany rallied to the cause of war and one month later Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. The declaration drew Germany, Russia, France, Belgium, Montenegro and Great Britain shortly after. The worst war in human history up to that time was underway. Eventually, more than 9 million soldiers and 8 million civilians would die in the war. Millions more were maimed and wounded by killing that occurred on an industrial scale. Empires were wiped from the map, new nations emerged, and the…

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Aftermath

Siegfried Sassoon by George Charles Beresford (1915).jpgAt the memorial, around 1 o’clock Charles Dance read the poem Aftermath by English poet, writer, and soldier Siegfried Sassoon, who became decorated for bravery on the Western Front and became one of the leading poets of the First World War.


Have you forgotten yet?…
For the world’s events have rumbled on since those gagged days,
Like traffic checked while at the crossing of city-ways:
And the haunted gap in your mind has filled with thoughts that flow
Like clouds in the lit heaven of life; and you’re a man reprieved to go,
Taking your peaceful share of Time, with joy to spare.
But the past is just the same–and War’s a bloody game…
Have you forgotten yet?…
Look down, and swear by the slain of the War that you’ll never forget.
Do you remember the dark months you held the sector at Mametz–
The nights you watched and wired and dug and piled sandbags on parapets?
Do you remember the rats; and the stench
Of corpses rotting in front of the front-line trench–
And dawn coming, dirty-white, and chill with a hopeless rain?
Do you ever stop and ask, ‘Is it all going to happen again?’
Do you remember that hour of din before the attack–
And the anger, the blind compassion that seized and shook you then
As you peered at the doomed and haggard faces of your men?
Do you remember the stretcher-cases lurching back
With dying eyes and lolling heads–those ashen-grey
Masks of the lads who once were keen and kind and gay
Have you forgotten yet?…
Look up, and swear by the green of the spring that you’ll never forget.

Aftermath (Heinemann: 1920)

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Preceding

Honouring hundreds of thousands of victims of the brutal Somme battle

Ulster Tower ceremony for the Irish at the Somme battle

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Related articles

  1. A sombre day
  2. And Winter Descended
  3. The Battle of the Somme 1 July 1916-1 July 2016– a very personal memoir
  4. The Battle of the Somme 1 July 1916-1 July 2016– a very personal memoir | Enough of this Tomfoolery!
  5. He is Not Missing, He is Here.
  6. Europe, war and the imagination
  7. British Legion Announces Somme100 Commemorations
  8. The Somme (Battlefield Tour)
  9. Monet, the battle of the Somme and a mitraillette
Posted in B4Peace, News and Politics, Reflection, Thoughts of others | Tagged , , | 8 Comments

Ulster Tower ceremony for the Irish at the Somme battle

In 1914 the whole island of Ireland was then British – and more than 200,000 men are thought to have served in the British army during the first world war, even though conscription was never introduced there. About 35,000 of them, Protestant and Catholic, unionist and nationalist, died in the war.

It is worth remembering that the Somme battle started just a few weeks after the Easter Rising in Dublin on 24 April 1916. The attack on the first day involved 13 Commonwealth divisions supported by a French attack to the south. Despite seven days of preliminary bombardment, there was little damage to German defences and losses were catastrophic.

Inside the Thiepval Visitor Centre, with (left) the photographic panel of 600 of the Missing of the Somme and (right) Lutyens' scale model for the memorial.

Inside the Thiepval Visitor Centre, with (left) the photographic panel of 600 of the Missing of the Somme and (right) Lutyens’ scale model for the memorial

The memorial at Thiepval bears the names of more than 72,000 British and South African soldiers killed mostly during the battle, but also up to March 1918, who have no marked grave.

The Northern Ireland secretary, Theresa Villiers will attend the Ulster Tower ceremony this afternoon with the Prince of Wales, the Duchess of Cornwall and the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester.

035 - Ulster Tower, Thiepval, France.jpg

The Ulster Tower, Thiepval, “Dedicated to the Glory of God in grateful memory of the Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and Men of the 36th (Ulster) Division and of the Sons of Ulster in other forces who laid down their lives in the Great War, and of all their Comrades-In-Arms who, by Divine Grace, were spared to testify to their glorious deeds.”

The Ulster Tower, Northern Ireland‘s national war memorial was one of the first Memorials to be erected on the Western Front and commemorates the men of the 36th (Ulster) Division and all those from Ulster who served in the First World War. The memorial was officially opened on 19 November 1921 and is a very close copy of Helen’s Tower which stands in the grounds of the Clandeboye Estate, near Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland. Many of the men of the Ulster Division trained in the estate before moving to England and then France early in 1916.

Northern Ireland’s first minister, Arlene Foster, will represent the Stormont executive. The Irish government will be represented by Heather Humphreys, minister for regional development, rural affairs, arts & the Gaeltacht.

“Around 35,000 Irishmen – Protestants and Catholics, unionists and nationalists – were killed in the first world war,”

Villiers said.

“Their contribution and their sacrifice was immense, and we should never forget it.”

An Irish government minister joined the Lord Mayor of Belfast at City Hall to lay wreaths at the war memorial.

In the new spirit of cross-border co-operation and Anglo-Irish relations, Dublin Cabinet Minister Leo Vradkar laid a wreath at the memorial in Belfast city centre.

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Preceding

100° birthday of war and war tourism

Honouring hundreds of thousands of victims of the brutal Somme battle

Next: Aftermath

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Further reading

  1. The ‘decade of centenaries’ will only fuel conflict over memory in Northern Ireland while the present remains divided.
  2. The Somme
  3. The Somme | GM 1914
  4. Observe the Sons of Ulster Marching Towards the Somme
  5. Interlude: Remembering the Somme in Dublin
  6. ‘It’s the end of the 1916 winter and the conditions are almost unbelievable…’
Posted in History, News and Politics | Tagged , , , , , , , | 7 Comments

Honouring hundreds of thousands of victims of the brutal Somme battle

British infantry from the Wiltshire Regiment attacking near Thiepval, 7 August 1916, during the Battle of the Somme.

Today, July 1 of the year 2016, 15 minutes later than planned a moving Commemorative Event for the Battle of the Somme started at Thiepval a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Once more Europe can see why the European Union is so important and how we all should join hands to avoid such terrible disaster Europe had to face 100 years ago.

Even so many years later I could not keep my tears away hearing several letters read by family members and beautiful texts and songs being presented by the professionals of the world of arts. Though Celtic songs got me goose pimples, this event is a necessary witness of the unity there was and still has to be. Too many lives were lost in the disaster that cut in the silk sheets of Europe.

Prince Harry, the Duchess of Cambridge and the Duke of Cambridge bow their heads in Thiepval

Prince Harry, the Duchess of Cambridge and the Duke of Cambridge bow their heads in Thiepval Credit: Chris Radburn/PA

Organised by the Ministry for Culture, Media and Sport on behalf of the British Government, the Mission du Centenaire on behalf of the French Government, The Royal British Legion and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission the Duchess of Cambridge, Prince Harry, Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall attended the service at Thiepval Memorial in France with Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Francois Hollande, other leaders and many people to honour the hundreds of thousands of victims of the brutal offensive, which started in northern France on July 1, 1916.

Great Britain was present with the royal party who met 24 of the 600 UK, Irish and French schoolchildren taking part in the commemorations and an Anglo-French educational programme organised by the British Council, which includes a week-long residential stay in the region.

As she toured a new museum dedicated to those lost in the bloody battle, to those youngsters the Duchess told her visit to the Somme to be “emotional”.

Prince Harry told students from St Paul’s Community College in Waterford, Ireland, and Wolsingham School in County Durham:

“It’s important that you are here. There are all sorts of parts of history that are being forgotten.

Such commemorations are good to remember people and it is necessary for the youngsters to come in contact with the history of our nations.

“It’s important for us to remember older history as well as more recent history. I’m actually quite jealous of you guys getting to spend five days here learning all about it.

the prince said. Such initiative are much better than the school-trips just for fun, going to amusement parks. When I left my eyes going over those youngsters I sincerely had the impression they too were very touched and got involved in this ceremony. I only can hope they will go back to their mother-country with a huge amount of knowledge, like the prince thinks they will do.

Prince Charles let those present know that

“It is truly terrifying to imagine the destruction wrought across this landscape 100 years ago today. However, we now return to the battlefield in a spirit of reconciliation and respect.”

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry during the commemoration of the Centenary of the Battle of the Somme

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry during the commemoration of the Centenary of the Battle of the Somme Credit: Andrew Matthews/PA

The village of Thiepval, which had consisted of a few houses, a chateau and some outlying farms when the Germans first arrived there at the end of September 1914, was finally captured by the British at the end of September 1916. Exactly two years later.

View of Thiepval Memorial from the D73 Pozières-Thiepval road.

View of the east side of the Thiepval Memorial when approaching it from the D73 Pozières-Thiepval road

When you see the peaceful country now you see the huge crater of the new explosive material (I think 22 meters wide and 5 to 7 metres deep) Although the German Front Line and rear positions were damaged by the Allied artillery during this time, and the Germans’ nerves were severely tested by the end of the seven days, the German barbed wire defences were not as badly damaged as had been intended. The allied forces thought this explosion would frighten the Germans and have them flee, but when the English went forwards they were mown down by machine guns.

The preliminary bombardment lasting seven days from 24 June to July the 1st did not have the hoped result for the British, so when they stormed the fields to drive away the enemy the Germans surprised them and brought an incredible amount of victims to thirteen divisions of British forces which launched an offensive on a line from north of Gommecourt to Maricourt at the River Somme. South of the river the attack was made by the French Army.

Speaking about his visit to the top of the memorial, Prince Harry said:

“You get a real perspective of what happened, going over the top. None of us can imagine what that was like.”

That is the worst problem with war, that nobody can really feel what it is and what an impact it makes, when not having been in contact with it. though our governments task is to take care that none of our children their children will have to face such terrible situation.

Thiepval Memorial to the Missing, with French graves of the Anglo-French Cemetery in the foreground.

Thiepval Memorial to the Missing, viewed from the west side, with French graves of the Anglo-French cemetery in the foreground

From letters being read we can imagine the ground over which the British were trying to move north-eastwards which had been churned up by constant artillery bombardments, bodies from previous attacks lay unburied and decomposing. It must have been a nasty smell. From one commander’s letter to his parents we could hear how that man was concerned about his troops and how fear took over on the more quiet moments, having no time to fear on the active battle scene.

We also get to hear how they shivered in the cold, were soaked and saw enough rats and other vermin.

The diary of Major Francis Meynell of the disastrous day in which 19,240 British soldiers were killed and more than 38,000 wounded – the bloodiest day in the history of the British army – was uncovered in Staffordshire’s county archives. Meynell, from Burton-upon-Trent, was stationed at the northern end of the battlefield where the 137th Staffordshire Brigade attacked the German-held village of Gommecourt.

On the day of the attack, Meynell kept a diary of events as they unfolded from his position in a cellar in the nearby village of Foncquevillers.

Meynell wrote his first entry at 6.25am. It simply read “bombardment begins”. By 6.47am, he noted “the drift of shell smoke” obscuring important landmarks. At 4.34pm, after 10 hours of battle, Meynell reported:

“First absolute silence of 20 seconds since 6.50am.”

the major noted

These men appear to have behaved extremely well under great difficulties.

In an address written by Birdsong novelist Sebastian Faulks, Prince William highlighted the almost 60,000 British and Commonwealth casualties of July 1 1916, the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army. He told the assembled guests:

“We lost the flower of a generation; and in the years to come it sometimes seemed that with them a sense of vital optimism had disappeared forever from British life.

It was in many ways the saddest day in the long story of our nation.”

Bangor grammar school in Northern Ireland, twinned with the Lycée Thuillier in Amiens, had their year 10 pupils come together to remember the 37 of its former students who were killed in the conflict, but also to show their respect for those who fought for their country.

Young people holding flowers and wreaths take part in a memorial ceremony at Thiepval.

Young people holding flowers and wreaths take part in a memorial ceremony at Thiepval. Photograph: Stephane de Sakutin/EPA

Nicola Sturgeon called for reflection on the “horrors of the Great War” as she attended the remembrance event at Thiepval. She said:

Barely a single community in Scotland was left untouched by the battle. Across Scotland communities are now remembering those who gave their lives, and a whole century on from the devastation and suffering of the Battle of the Somme, we should all reflect on the horrors of the Great War and give thanks that our continent now lives in peace.

When looking at the present crisis in the European Union we should be aware that only by the regular talks, the will to sit around the table, we have to acknowledge the failures of European governments to prevent the catastrophe of the two world war but also have to see how they managed to have already a period of 70 years that there was no battle going on between countries in these regions. On that point alone the European Union has already shown its use and its necessity.

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Please ignore the animation at the beginning and forward to the France 3 Retransmission at 19:15

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Preceding

1914 – 2014 preparations

100° birthday of war and war tourism

August 4, 1914 to be remembered

Liège 2014 remembering the Great War

Mons 2014 remembering the Great War

2014 Culture

2015 Persons and groups of the year

Continue reading:

Ulster Tower ceremony for the Irish at the Somme battle

Aftermath

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Please find additional information

  1. Thiepval Memorial to the Missing, Somme Battlefields, France
  2. Commemorative Event for the Battle of the Somme – Thiepval Memorial to the Missing – Inscriptions closed
  3. Somme centenary: Duchess of Cambridge speaks of ’emotional’ experience as she attends poignant service after Britain falls silent on battle’s 100-year anniversary
  4. Battle of the Somme centenary commemorations – live
  5. Remembering the heroes of the Battle of the Somme
  6. Photos: Thiepval Memorial marks 100 years since Somme

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Further reading

  1. Europe, war and the imagination
  2. This ‘green and pleasant land’
  3. Call for the Nation to Remember the Somme 100 years on
  4. World War I History: British MG Barrage Fire Tactics
  5. War In European History by Michael Howard
  6. 7/5/1916 Verdun: German progress, but Joffre decides the crisis has passed
  7. 5/6/1916 The Somme turns into a British show
  8. 14/6/1916 The Somme: Haig dreams of a breakthrough
  9. 21/6/1916 Lloyd George feeds the guns
  10. 24/6/1916 The Somme guns start firing
  11. 26/6/1916 British and French guns batter the German Somme defences
  12. June 29, 1916
  13. June 30, 1916
  14. On This Day…
  15. Lest We Forget
  16. The Somme….lest we forget.
  17. 1 July 1916 – Somme
  18. The Somme: they went over the top one hundred years ago this morning
  19. 1 July 1916: The Battle of the Somme
  20. 100 Years On
  21. Let us remember … 100 years on
  22. Remembering the Somme 100 years on
  23. 100 Years Ago – The Battle of the Somme
  24. 1/7/1916 Carnage on the Somme
  25. Centenary of the Battle of the Somme — July 1, 2016
  26. Events remembering the Battle of the Somme
  27. Remembering the Battle of the Somme, in its Centenary year.
  28. 100 Battle of the Somme
  29. 100 years on from the start of the Somme: We remember them
  30. Battle of the Somme remembrance service at Camberley War Memorial
  31. A machine war: The technological legacy of the Battle of the Somme
  32. And Are We Learning From History? Honouring A Lost Generation, The Somme July 1916
  33. The Somme
  34. Battle of the Somme 1
  35. Battle of the Somme 2
  36. Battle of the Somme 3
  37. The Battle of the Somme 4
  38. The Battle of the Somme 5
  39. The Battle of the Somme: Gommecourt
  40. First Day of the Somme
  41. Newfoundland and the 100th Anniversary of the Battle of the Somme
  42. With great artistry and touching simplicity – the Battle of the Somme 1
  43. With great artistry and touching simplicity – the Battle of the Somme 2
  44. Tomorrow, and tomorrow and tomorrow: 141 days of horror
  45. Silence
  46. A Last Letter Before The Somme ‘Big Push’
  47. The Battle of the Somme 1 July 1916-1 July 2016– a very personal memoir
  48. The Battle of the Somme 1 July 1916-1 July 2016– a very personal memoir | Enough of this Tomfoolery!
  49. ‘Over the Top’ ~ Battle of the Somme
  50. Remembering the Somme
  51. Remembering the sacrifices on the Somme: Part 1 of 3
  52. Remembering the sacrifices on the Somme: Part 2 of 3
  53. Remembering the sacrifices on the Somme: Part 3 of 3
  54. Rowing Remembers the Somme
  55. Surrey Heath remembers the sacrifice of the Battle of the Somme
  56. Bath and the Battle of the Somme
  57. Remembering Harry, a casualty of the Battle of the Somme
  58. Journey’s End by R.C. Sherriff
  59. Remembering the Fallen
  60. Launch of the Forget Never – The Somme Project
  61. Diary Note 2: Remembering the sacrifices on the Somme
  62. “There were no men left …” Bradford and the Somme
  63. Southern, Albert Edward Rainbow. Died 1st Jul 1916
  64. Scotton, Ernest. Died 1st Jul 1916
  65. Morris-Davies, Cyril Thomas. Died 1st Jul 1916
  66. Jeeves, Claude Alfred. Died 1st Jun 1916
  67. Eadon, George Edmund. Died 1st Jul 1916
  68. Cooper, John. Died 1st Jul 1916
  69. Boyes, Frank Harold. Died 1st Jul 1916
  70. Bland, Charles Henry. Died 1st Jul 1916
  71. Barrett, George Arthur. Died 1st Jul 1916
  72. Remembering Herbert Philip Bonney – 1st July 1916
  73. Joseph Perks
  74. Albert Hill Victoria Cross
  75. Harry Willits – the Darling of Dalymount
  76. Reuben Orr 1899-1916
  77. Uncle Laddie: The Polish Airman and Me
  78. Letters: Life, Love, Death & The Somme
  79. “My darling, au revoir.” – War diaries of Captain Charles May
  80. Battle of Somme: The story of John James Bennett
  81. ‘It’s the end of the 1916 winter and the conditions are almost unbelievable…’
  82. What passing-bells for these who die as cattle?
  83. #WeAreHere
  84. In A Far Distant Land by Bill Storie
  85. Display of Unity
  86. Review: The Great War (Sacco)
  87. Wall to Wall Poppies In Wenlock
  88. 1916: The Battle of the Somme remembered. Victoria Cross recipients.
  89. Discoveries and Battles
  90. How the new Battle of the Somme £5 Coin is set to raise important funds for The Royal British Legion
  91. The Modern Battlefield
  92. World War I Trenches – Diorama
  93. Desperate Glory
  94. “Canada’s Day”: The myth of Vimy Ridge
  95. Holy Week Poetry 2016, Holy Saturday: “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae
  96. Thiepval
  97. He is Not Missing, He is Here.
  98. Somme 100 Ballot Goes Online
Posted in B4Peace, History, News and Politics, Visuals (Video, Photo, Cartoon) | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 11 Comments