Rampaging, demolishing sacred sites and cultural heritage

At the beginning of April a shocking video founds its way on several international television station showing another horrible war crime by ISIS. In the moving pictures we can see ISIS militants using sledgehammers, AK-47 rifles  and bulldozers to destroy walls and statues in Iraq‘s UNESCO World Heritage city of Hatra.

Like other video’s they are well produced and present a seven minute footage of carnage, jihadists smashing shrines and statues in the 2,000-year old city.

Militants are also recorded chipping away at the bases of some of the larger wall sculptures and cracking boulders into ancient city pillars, while eerie music plays in the background.

The video cuts to jihadists speaking directly to the camera with one declaring they destroyed the site because it is ‘worshipped instead of God’. Though we can question who would have worshipped that city today! Also we can ask them who of the people today would still worship those gods depicted on the walls.

Last month, ISIS terrorists were pictured toppling crosses, smashing Christian relics with hammers and erecting the black flag of ISIS on churches in Nineveh, the ancient capital of the Assyrian empire.

For sure there has not yet come an end to their war crimes.

They do not need advertisement, but I would like to share some pictures with you, which I could find available to reblog or to publish.


The Second Front: Journalist Muhammed Ali travels with FSA fighters to the second front in Syria’s brutal civil war.

Kurds against the Islamic State: As Islamic State’s terror campaign unites old enemies, Syrian Kurds are heading north into what could be a decisive battle.
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Islamic militant sect, ISIS, which has been rampaging across the north and west of Iraq since last month, has been demolishing sacred sites such as shrines and mosques around the historic northern city of Mosul in Nineveh province.

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A man who fled from Mosul, Iraq, shows Arwa Damon video that provides a glimpse into how ISIS is winning over people. More from CNN at http://www.cnn.com/

Last 2 months we saw on television continuous destructions of world patrimony and cites which could bring tourists to the regions, but with nothing left over there is nothing to bring tourist to such now desolate places. Deliberately bulldozing the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrod in the north of the country was a terrible thing to watch.

Are they also going to take photo’s of black cats, white swans, cows out of the houses and burn them as pagan pictures? they do as if people today still would worship those gods presented in those statues. The extremist organization has assaulted the city of Nimrud,Calah archaeological site (ancient name Kalhu). The wall lines and canals in modern day Iraq of Nebuchadnezzar city are also damaged. Today adjacent to modern Mosul, Iraq, the ruins of ancient Nineveh are centered on two mounds, the acropolis at Kuyunjik and Nebi Yunis (Arabic for “Prophet Jonah”). By wrecking such historical left overs they are also taken down important historical witnesses for their children and Islam history.

For Jews, Christians and Muslims the cite is connected with the grandson of Ham and great-grandson of Noah and with the earliest monarchy in Babylonia by Nimrod, (meaning “rebel”) one of the sons of Kush, who could well have had as his real name Gilgamesh about whom the myth says that he was “2/3 god and 1/3 man.” It is not because Nimrod came from a line which was cursed by Noah and by many in the old days he was considered a sort of god (high person) that we should get rid of all the treasures of his period.

When the prominent member of the Semitic family Terah, the son of Nahor and his wife Amathlai had become the happy parents of a baby boy, he could not think of giving up this lovely baby, born to him at his old age after such longing. He had managed to keep his wife’s expectancy a secret. None of his servants knew about the birth of his son. There was a secret passage leading from his palace to a cave in the field. He took the baby to that cave and left it there. Instead of offering his own baby he used one of his servants.

Nimrod thought it was mighty loyal of Terah to give up his only son, born to him in his old age. Little did he know that it was not Terah’s son who was brought to die, but a servant’s.

For three years little Abraham remained in the cave, where he did not know day from night. Then he came out of the cave and saw the bright sun in the sky, and thought that it was God, who had created the heaven and the earth, and him, too. But in the evening the sun went down, and the moon rose in the sky, surrounded by myriads of stars.

“This must be God,” Abraham decided. But the moon, too, disappeared, and the sun reappeared, and Abraham decided that there must be a God Who rules over the sun and the moon and the stars, and the whole world.

And so, from the age of three years and on, Abraham knew that there was only one God, and he was resolved to pray to Him and worship Him alone. This son of Terah became the patriarch for Jews, Christians and Muslims, so you would expect Muslims also to be keen to keep the historical background of that important chosen one by God to be kept intact.

The Sumerians, the Babylonians, the Assyrians; and the Hittites mentioned Nimrod, him being the most popular hero in the Ancient Near East. Perhaps the rebels wanted to proof that they are a stronger rebel and wanted to take his memory off the blackboard. In any case the world has lost an immense invaluable treasure.

George C. Papagiannis, the Unesco world heritage officer in charge in Iraq from 2009 to 2011, said the loss of any artifacts from Nimrud was a dark blow to historical preservation.

“These extremists are trying to destroy the entire cultural heritage of the region in an attempt to wipe the slate clean and rewrite history in their own brutal image,”

he said, adding that Nimrud was recently nominated by the Iraqi government to be placed on Unesco’s list of world heritage sites, locations chosen for their “universal value.”

The head of the UN’s cultural agency has good reasons to condemn the “systematic” destruction in Iraq as a “war crime”.

We also can wonder what would still be there to attract tourists when the Islamic State shall be a real state necessary to have funds to survive. ISIS controlling for the moment large areas of Iraq and Syria, says shrines and statues are “false idols” that have to be smashed.

“They are erasing our history,”

said Iraqi archaeologist Lamia al-Gailani.

Ihsan Fethi, a member of the Iraqi Architects Society, said,

“I cannot even describe the immensity of this loss.” He added, “This is one of the most famous and probably one of the most important sites in the world.”

According to BBC

IS “assaulted the historic city of Nimrud and bulldozed it with heavy vehicles,” the tourism and antiquities ministry said on Thursday.

It said the militants continued to “defy the will of the world and the feelings of humanity”, calling for a UN Security Council meeting to discuss how to protect cultural heritage in Iraq.

Nimrud covers a large area, and it is not yet clear whether it has been totally destroyed,

the BBC correspondent says.

In the meantime we should take Mr. Fethi’s warning very serious and know that several sites in that region were very well preserved by their remote location, but

leaving these gangs without punishment will encourage them to eliminate human civilization entirely, especially the Mesopotamian civilization, which cannot be compensated,

the ministry added in its statement.

In this image made from video posted on a militant social media account affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), a militant takes a sledgehammer to a relief at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud.

In this image made from video posted on a militant social media account affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), a militant takes a sledgehammer to a relief at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud. (Associated Press)

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El-Kerbala’i: Islamic Supreme Religious Authority Instructs Military Forces And Requests Support For Tribes In Anbar

Mar 6, 2015. Second part of the Friday Sermon held in the Imam Hussein Holy Shrine, the representative of the Islamic Supreme Religious Authority and the preacher of the Friday Sermon in Kerbala city, His Eminence Sheikh Abdul-Mehdi El-Kerbala’i mentioned three important issues:

First:

We commend the achieved victories in many parts of the country by the brave volunteers and military forces who dedicated their lives for the sake of freeing their country from terrorism.

The Islamic Supreme Religious Authority honors the courageous efforts of the fighters in eliminating the threat of the terrorist group ISIS in numerous Iraqi cities.

However, a few points and instructions are emphasized by the Religious Authority:

1) The volunteers and military forces must organize their front-lines, develop and enhance battle strategies, and not act impulsively because the enemy will take advantage of any mistake.

2) The fighters must develop a spirit to overcome the psychological strains imposed upon them.

3) In addition, the battles taking place should not threaten any civilian other than the terrorist group and enemies.

Second:

Numerous tribes in Anbar have joined the fight against ISIS; however, they are facing challenges due to the lack of weaponry and necessary equipment to continue their battle against terrorism. Nonetheless, the families in those areas are also facing challenges due to the lack of living supplies.

For this reason, it is the responsibility of the government to provide the necessary support they require to continue their fight against the terrorist groups.

Third:
During the past few days, ISIS, and once again have demonstrated their savagery and brutality through the destruction of numerous archeological sites in Nineveh as well as the demolishment of the National Museum in Mosul.

Thus, day after day the cruelty and viciousness of this terrorist group is evidently seen through its hatred towards civilization and humanity.

https://conflictantiquities.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/islamic-state-2015-iraq-nimrud-cultural-heritage-political-violence-150411-00h01m03s.jpg?w=640

 

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Preceding articles:

 ISIL will find no safe haven

Wrong choices made to get rid of Assad

Cities not under fear but monuments feared

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Please do find also to read:

  1. Islamic State B-movie of attack on Nimrud
  2. Nimrud: Outcry as IS bulldozers attack ancient Iraq site
  3. Shock new video shows ISIS thugs smashing historic Iraqi city of Nimrud with barrel bombs, bulldozers and jackhammers in orgy of destruction slammed as a war crime by the United Nations
  4. Islamic State Attacks Ancient City of Nimrud With Bulldozers
  5. BBC News-Nimrud: Outcry as IS bulldozers attack ancient Iraq site
  6. ISIS Attacks Nimrud, a Major Archaeological Site in Iraq
  7. ISIS destroys ancient ruins of Nimrud, video shows
  8. ISIS Bulldozes One-of-a-Kind Ancient Palace in Iraq
  9. Monuments under attack
  10. IS ‘bulldozed’ ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud, Iraq says

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Related articles

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Cities not under fear but monuments feared

The stories, the videos, the acts of unfathomable brutality have become a defining aspect of ISIS, which controls a nation-size tract of land and has now pushed Iraq to the precipice of dissolution. Its adherents kill with such abandon that even the leader of al-Qaeda has disavowed them.

“Clearly, [leader Ayman] al-Zawahiri believes that ISIS is a liability to the al-Qaeda brand,”

Aaron Zelin, who analyzes jihadist movements for the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, told The Washington Post in June 2014.

One video captured militants with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) herding hundreds of boys and Iraqi soldiers down a highway to an unknown fate. One reporter said an Iraqi woman in Mosul claimed to have seen a “row of decapitated soldiers and policemen” on the street. Other reports spoke of “mass beheadings.” The UN Human Rights chief said the summary executions “may run into the hundreds”

Several Islamic Militants [Islamic terrorists] want to show the West what they are capable of and do think they can frighten them but also gain more supporters and recruit fighters by their publications of professional video’s.

When we see propaganda videos for the terrorist group ISIS the strange thing is that like in their recruitment videos the IS-controlled territory is depicted as a calm, seemingly normal place to live, despite reports of the group’s harsh brand of Islamic justice, which includes mass killings and torture. When the rebels talk about their fellow combatants who lost blood they say it is pure blood, like in one of the latest video’s it even says about the Muslim blood that was shed under the hands of their religion not being cheap:

“In fact, their blood is the purest blood because there is a nation behind them (which) inherits revenge. And we swear to Allah: the one who disgraced you by our hands, you will not have safety, even in your dreams, until you embrace Islam.”

They say their battle is a battle between faith and blasphemy, between truth and falsehood. They also give enough reason to continue until the bitter end, until there is no more polytheism. Though they say they are willing to give people the choice to come to Allah, to to embrace Islam or maintain their Christian faith and pay a tax.

“The Islamic state has offered the Christian community this many times and set a deadline for this, but the Christians never cooperated,”

the speaker says in one of the latest videos where two groups of prisoners, believed to be Ethiopian Christians, in Libya, are executed (Sunday 2015 April 19).

They want to give the impression it is because not the right choice is made that terror comes over them, because when they repent and become a Muslim they would be able to live in a peaceful Islamic State.

The British photojournalist and captive of the Islamic State also described Mosul, located more than 300 miles from Kobani, Syria, as “top of the world” and life as being “business as usual after years of oppression.”

We are given the impression that Sunni Muslims

“can walk the streets without fear of Shia oppression.”

In a local “souk” or market John Cantlie claims

“it’s so normal, crazy and busy. This is not a city living under fear.”

Hassan Rouhani.jpg

Hassan Rouhani حسن روحانی‎ elected 7° President of Iran

though already in June 2014 Iran let the world of Muslim rebels know not to hesitate to defend Shi’ite Muslim holy sites in neighbouring Iraq against “killers and terrorists”. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said many people had signed up to go to Iraq to defend the sites and “put the terrorists in their place”. He added that veteran fighters from Iraq’s Sunni, Shi’ite and Kurdish communities were also “ready for sacrifice” against these militant forces.

“Regarding the holy Shia shines in Karbala, Najaf, Khadhimiya and Samarra, we announce to the killers and terrorists that the big Iranian nation will not hesitate to protect holy shrines,”

he said at the beginning of June 2014, speaking to a crowd on a visit to western Lorestan province.

“These terrorist groups, and those that fund them, both in the region and in the international arena, are nothing, and hopefully they will be put in their own place.

Of the warning by the Iranian senior military official Brigadier General of the Iranian Armed Forces Mohammad Baqeri his warning that Iran might take “direct action” against the Islamic State terrorist organization if ISIS militants attacking Baghdad or any other sacred sites hosting Shiite holy shrines we did not see much.

That the Islamic Republic of Iran will act to protect Iraq’s capital city and other towns with Shiite holy sites from possible destruction or occupation by Sunni ISIS militants is not so much seen and the ISIS fighters managed the last year to destroy many beautiful historical buildings.

Iranian general Qasem Soleimani, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps and the Iran-backed Hezbollah militia group have all played key roles in helping Iraqi forces claim a major military victory in October 2013 when they forced ISIS militants out of control in the town of Jurf al-Shakher, which is located about 37 miles southwest of Baghdad.

Shiite shrine in Samarra, IraqThe Shiite shrine in Samarra, Iraq was attacked last Summer after it had already sustained heavy damage in 2006 by Al Qaeda groups. The al-Malwiyya Mosque with its spiral minaret, which is 171 feet (52 m) in height with a round room at the summit that is 19.6 feet (6 m) high is only one of the many sites of historic and architectural interest in that city. It was begun in 1443 by the Caliph alMutawakkil. The jihadis went into the shrine and set off explosives in the holy site. The attack resulted in a wave of clashes between Sunni and Shia Muslims throughout Iraq. The sectarian violence stemming from that incident lasted several years. The burial site of the 10th and 11th imams and the site of the disappearance of the 12th ( “hidden” ) imam, was severely damaged by the terrorist bombings in 2006–7 but was subsequently rebuilt and now got again a clash.

For the Sunni extremists of Isis, the Islamic State of Iraq and al Sham the infamous mass killing, in 680 c.e. (a.h. 61), of the prophet Muhammad’s grandson Husayn ibn Ali and his small band of supporters by the forces of Yazid ibn Muʿawiya, the second Umayyad caliph, which led to the split between the two strands of Islam – Sunnism and Shi’ism – is not decided.

Normally several holy places not open for non-Muslims where opened to Westerners. The governor of Karbala gave permission because he feared that the shrines are in danger and he wants foreigners, including non-Muslims, to see their beauty and understand their significance. and significant they are very much. Not only for Muslims. They are part of History. It is part of global heritage which should be protected to be a witness in time.

The stupid thing about the ISIS fighters is that they already destroyed a lot of pagan monuments as well where people of faith, like non-trinitarian Christians, could find proof in graven images how certain engravings were incorporated in Christendom to spread the pagan belief of a triunion god. By destroying such witnesses true Christians have no proof any more how Roman Catholicism took over the drawings, sculptures and believes of pagan religions.

ISIS is also undermining the belief in a peaceful Quran and in a possibility to have a Muslim world without hate. Non-muslims can see the different Muslim groups fighting between each other and see also how many of them, like ISIS do not keep to the teachings of Quran and even do not mind burning such holy book, which is desecration according to the Quran.

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Preceding articles:

  1. Mocking, Agitation and Religious Persecution
  2. Continues Syrian conflict needing not only dialogue
  3. Reluctance to act in Syrian civil war
  4. Islamic State forcing the West to provide means for Kurdistan
  5. Turkey witnessing a surge in xenophobia
  6. ISIL will find no safe haven
  7. Funding of ISIS
  8. Wrong choices made to get rid of Assad

Next: Rampaging, demolishing sacred sites and cultural heritage

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Additional readings:

  1. The world Having to face a collective failure
  2. Do Al-Qaeda, Islamic State, ISIS and ISIL belong to true Islam
  3. Iraqi Christians flee homes amid Islamic militant rampage
  4. Syrian capital facing total destruction in the coming months
  5. UK forces EU to lift embargo on Syria rebel arms
  6. ISIS, Mosul Dam and threatening lives of those who want to live in freedom
  7. Yazidi, they who were created
  8. Abdelhamid Abaaoud brain of Molenbeek’s network dismantled in their hideaway at Verviers
  9. Chemical warsite and Pushing king of the South

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Further background articles:

  1. Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia
  2. Gaddafi’s Posthumous Gift to Mali: The Tuareg Seize Timbuktu
  3. Timbuktu’s Destruction: Why Islamists Are Wrecking Mali’s Cultural Heritage
  4. Timbuktu’s cultural heritage sites are under attack
  5. News story: U.N. Security Council condemns tomb destruction
  6. Islamic Holy Sites Under Israeli Attacks
  7. Burning Palestinian Mosques for Settlements
  8. Israel Annexes West Bank Mosques
  9. Whose Holy Sites are Under Attack in Jerusalem?
  10. Settlers “Price Tag” Policy
  11. Condemning QSIS or the self-claimed Islamic state ruler, al- Baghdadi their extremist ideologies and to clarify the true teachings of Islam
  12. Islamic State Hostage John Cantlie Reports “From Inside Mosul”
  13. ISIS murders Coptic Christians in mass beheading [Video Clip]
  14. ISIS executes more Christians in Libya, video shows
  15. Extremists Launch New Attack on Kobani
  16. Kobani Hit from All Sides
  17. Kurds Drive IS from Kobani
  18. Iranian General: Iran to Take ‘Direct Action’ Against ISIS If Militants Attack Baghdad or Shiite Holy Sites
  19. ISIS Attacks Shiite Holy Site in Iraq as US Reinforces Baghdad
  20. Advisor of Supreme Leader of Iran assures readiness of Iran to help Iraq combat terrorism
  21. 30,000 Indians volunteer to fight in Iraq to defend Shia shrines
  22. Karbala’s holy shrines, under threat from Isis
  23. Mystical and peaceful brand of Islam called Sufism under attack by the Taliban: Holy Shrines, Under Attack – HDNet World Report (Video)
Posted in Culture, History, News and Politics, Religion | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Wrong choices made to get rid of Assad

Already in 2013 I asked how long the West would allow the atrocities continue to go on in Syria. A humanitarian crisis was developing to become another long going conflict like in Iraq. Though many mistakenly thought the final chapter was taking place in the Syrian war  and the country soon to see the Syrian capital facing total destruction.

Since being founded in 2004 the goal of the rebel group ISIS is to create a hardline Islamic state crossing over the borders of Syria and Iraq. In a way they seem to move on particularly well now controlling a “nation-size tract of land”. Remarkable or interesting about this tract of land is that it corresponds almost exactly to the heart of the Assyrian empire. The Assyrians were renowned for their cruelty – as one Bible dictionary puts it…

“The Assyrians were noted for their brutality, and their kings were often depicted as gloating over the gruesome punishments inflicted on conquered peoples. They conducted their wars with shocking ferocity, uprooting whole populations and deporting them to other parts of the empire.”

We see this with ISIS. We also read in Psalm 83 that Assur (Assyrians) join forces against Israel….

“4 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; That the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. 5 For they have consulted together with one consent; Against thee do they make a covenant: 6 The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab, and the {1} Hagarenes; {1) Or [Hagrites]; See 1 Ch 5:10} 7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre: 8 Assyria also is joined with them; They have {1} helped the children of Lot. [[Selah {1) Heb [been an arm to the children of Lot]}” (Psalms 83:4-8 ASV)

Last June, when ISIS got its first victory in Iraq Netanyahu asked the United States of America to stay out of the Iraqi conflict – and let the Sunni militants defeat the Shia-dominated government of prime minister al-Maliki and break-up Iraq.

This will weaken Iranian influence in the Arab region,”

said Netanyahu during his address at Tel Aviv University’s INSS think-tank.

The Israelites thought

the creation of an independent Kurdish state … a foregone conclusion

Meanwhile, Israeli President Shimon Peres told US President Barack Obama that

“the Kurds have, de facto, created their own state, which is democratic.”

Elizabeth Blade said already in 2012 that Turkey and several Arab capitals supporting a regime change in Syria – were indirecting helping Syrian Kurds to establish an autonomous region of their which once gained – with the help of Iraqi Kurdistan, were willing to support a semi-independent Kurdistan inside Turkey in the near future.

political-map-of-Syria

Ezilon Political Map of Syria showing names of capital city, towns, states, provinces and boundaries with neighbouring countries

We may wonder if Washington saw opportunities into a weakening of the Middle East region by the Kurds trying to make their own Kurdistan to become a reality again and by the division of smaller entities by the different religious and ethnic groups around Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Kurdistan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman and the Emirates. (Region on the map/Atlapedida Map)

Soraya Sepahpour-Ulrich, a US-Iranian journalist and author said:

Michael porter.jpg

Michael Eugene Porter Bishop William Lawrence University Professor at The Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, based at the Harvard Business School

The US and its regional allies have armed ISIS in Syria and Iraq. The motives are clear. To remove Assad, drag Iran (and Hizbullah) to this into this quagmire with the intention of bleeding all sides. It would also justify American presence to combat ‘terrorists’ and foreign fighters so that America can re-occupy its bases and dominate the Persian Gulf region as planned. To sum up, neoconservatives had long sought to dominate the Persian Gulf and use it as a launch pad in their grand strategy of global dominance. When fear of communism and inter-state wars ceased to justify this agenda, 9/11 came to the rescue. Sectarian division eliminated resistance to the plan. As renowned strategist Michael Porter said, “Finally, strategy must have continuity. It can’t be constantly reinvented.” The ISIL is that continuation.” {Netanyahu: ‘ISIS is good for Israel’}

France had called in 2012 on the United Nations to authorize using “all means” necessary to end the carnage in Syria, bringing the civil war closer to the edge of a proxy war between Russia and the Western alliance. At that time the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov accused the United States of supplying weapons to Syria’s opposition, hours after U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton charged that Moscow was sending a new shipment of attack helicopters to Damascus. Today there is enough proof that both countries are providing weapons to several groups involved in the battle for power in the region.

One deterrent from direct Western military intervention in Syria has been the fear that the civil war could erupt into an all-out proxy war that could blow up into a regional conflict, with Assad backed by Russia and Iran and the opposition backed by the United States and Western allies. That fear and the passive attitude of the NATO and the European Union made that the frightened population lost their believe in the Western World and in the Christians. More and more they looked for groups which could bring them a better world and the Muslim fundamentalists were the only ones who were promising food and a better state, namely one big Islamic State where people would be living according to the Law and commandments of God. For many after lots of violence and bloodshed those fundamentalist groups seemed to be the ones who could liberate them from the horrible Assad which continued to do war crimes whilst the West did not take any effort to get him prisoned and judged as a war-criminal.
Getting more supporters for their cause the Levant could grow and ISIS gained more adepts and territory, also convincing European ‘brothers and sisters’ that the West had committed treason to the Muslim nations. Disloyalty of other Muslims had also to be punished and gave reason for ISIS to go strongly against certain other Muslim groups.

That helicopters delivered by America were used to kill the own population did not make the States putting an embargo on weapon delivery to that country. For the States and for Russia the war in Syria was a welcome booster for their own economy.

Last year in an exclusive interview to MNA, US foreign policy expert and public speaker, Soraya Sepahpour Ulrich, said that Iran has acted really wise not joining US-led coalition fighting ISIL in the region because it is a US game which is in favour of Israel.

For some the Nuclear program and the talks around it are just an excuse to have the minds on something else way back from Israel and the United states. There are even people who are convinced that US has over and over, falsely and wrongly, excused Iran of support for terrorism. After 9/11 UN Security Council passed an unanimous vote against fighting terrorism without providing a clear cut definition of what terrorism is.

Outside the U.S.A. lots of people naturally do know that several American television stations, like Fox, continuously distort the truth to get their point of view and program onto the American public. US has the power and voice because it owns mainstream media to promote whatever narrative it wants.

With some other thinkers I do agree that in fact the West and the United states of America are at fault by having created the possibility of this monster ISIL but also having American businesses (read weapon-industry) feeding it, giving aid to it in Syria as their friend like Soraya Sepahpour Ulrich I also found this just a bizarre way to get rid of Assad.

According Lasse Wilhelmson the CIA in the 1980s wanted to create chaos in the Middle East were they wanted to weaken the Arab world and give Israel better opportunities to create their own stronger territorial.

Rabbi Fischmann, member of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared in his testimony to the U.N. Special Committee of Enquiryon 9 July 1947:

“The Promised Land extends from the River of Egypt up to the Euphrates, it includes parts of Syria and Lebanon.”

The plan operated on two essential premises by which was thought for Israel to survive, it had to become an imperial regional power, and had to see the division of the whole area into small states by the dissolution of all existing Arab states.

Small here will depend on the ethnic or sectarian composition of each state. Consequently, the Zionist hope is that sectarian-based states become Israel’s satellites and, ironically, its source of moral legitimation. {Oded Yinon Plan}

According to Wilhemson

To maintain a Jewish state it is necessary to commit crimes that are defined as genocide in The UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. {Liberate Al Quds and Palestine!}

Several Muslims think the same way and do find the Islamic community has to get rid of all those infidels and to do that the territory which belongs to the people of God should be made clean of all the ones who do not follow Allah (God) in the right way. If it takes to go against laws made by man, the Laws of Allah are considered higher and to be follow and allowing them to do what others consider war-crimes or taking part of a genocide because those acts committed with intent to destroy national, ethnic, racial or religious groups which do not want to line up with the rules of an Islamic State.

Princeton law professor Robert George claimed in September 2014 that Christians in America and other westernized nations are too complacent to speak out against the persecution in the Middle East as thousands of Christians in Iraq and Syria, and other parts of the Middle East, are being tossed from their homes, killed, raped and pillaged by Islamic State forces and other terrorist organizations, and urge their governments to take action.

As reason to our passive attitude he apologized with:

“It must be a kind of complacency that comes with power and affluence.”

“We are happy. We are content. We are not persecuted, or not very much. So, we do not see the persecution of our brothers and of our sisters on the other side of town.”

He complained about no voices going up form the Christians. I also would ad my complaint for the Muslim community not coming out enough against those atrocities of the ISIS adepts.

Patriarch Mar Bechara Boutros Cardinal Raï, Maronite Patriarch of Antioch and All the East, also criticized the international community for slowly reacting to help

“while the local government proved to be utterly incapable of defending the lives of its citizens.” {ISIS’ ‘Cultural Cleansing’ of Mideast Christians Ignored by Complacent Americans, Robert George Complains}

At the “In Defense of Christians” press conference in Washington, Sept. 10, 2014 the patriarch Cardinal Raï also said:

“Terrorism is worldwide phenomenon and as we have learned from September 11th, which you can remember with deep respect for the victims of terrorism in this country.”

“The 120,000 Christians in Iraq in Mosul in the plain of Ninewa were evicted and were robbed of their money, their identification papers. The jihadists desecrated their churches and ransacked their homes and their ministries, some of which are 1,500 years old. They were subjected to all kinds of harassment and many of them killed.” {ISIS’ ‘Cultural Cleansing’ of Mideast Christians Ignored by Complacent Americans, Robert George Complains}

The strong connection with Neo-Conservative thought in the USA is very prominent, especially in the author’s notes. But, while lip service was paid to the idea of the “defense of the West” from Soviet power, the real aim of the author, and of the present Israeli establishment was clear:

To make an Imperial Israel into a world power. In other words, the aim of Sharon is to deceive the Americans after he has deceived all the rest. {Oded Yinon Plan}

Rehmat’s World reacted already on in the article ISIS: Israel’s ticket to regime change in Syria.

Christians could see how world events were moving rapidly toward two major scenarios.

  1. The Arab war against Israel described in such prophecies as Numbers 24:15-24; Psalm 83; Daniel 11:30-45 & Ch. 12; Joel 2 & 3; Zechariah 12-14; Revelation 9:13-21 & 14:14-20 – also known as The Battle of Armageddon in Revelation 16:13-21. {Br. Art Wright in SOT March 2015 edition}
  2. The Destruction of “The Gogian Host” – i.e. a conglomeration of European and Islamic nations under the leadership of the Catholic Church (and obviously a triad of Catholic, Russian Orthodox and Islamic clerics) who galvanise huge armies from Europe, Asia Minor and Africa to attack the Kingdom of God which will be centred in Jerusalem with Jesus Christ as king. This is described in such prophecies as Numbers 24:20; Psalm 2; Ezekiel 38-39; Revelation chapters 17-18-19. {Br. Art Wright in SOT March 2015 edition}

Wright is referring to the the “Great Earthquake” which opens to swallow Israel’s enemies and closes to form “the great winepress of the wrath of God” [Revelation 14:14-20]. The “very great valley” which is to heal the waters of the Dead Sea will remain near Jerusalem. The king of the north “will come to his end with none to help him.”[Daniel 11:45].

In the Eastern region more and more lovers of God got pulled alongside different groups with various religious ideas and often becoming a victim of groups which went against those who had an other religious opinion. Muslims were not safe either, because when not belonging to the right schism group they could be troubled and even be killed. The Western world did not seem so much bothered by the murder of Coptic Christians which took place on the shores of the Mediterranean directly south of the city of Rome This was purposely designed by their ISIS murderers to emphasise that this is a religious war. In Scriptures we are also told that when the end-times would come closer, after children would have gone against their parents, the religions would go against each other. Once more this week members of ISIS proclaimed that the end was near and that was the reason why they had to go so heavily against the heathen world trying “to open their pagan eyes”. for them it is essential to come to the pure and true Islam which is determined to rid the world of all infidels and of all religions (and their adherents) who oppose the teaching of Islam – and even those who oppose their particular understanding of ISIS ideology.

Revelation 9:13-21 which foretells the loosing of four powers from the Euphrates region to kill “a third of men.” can perhaps be seen as such a coming into fulfilment of a prophecy. Even the rampaging of Boko Haram in Africa can be traced to its instigation by Iran and its supporters. That group of rebels who are not afraid to abduct innocent young girls , to rape them and to sell them as sex slaves, got their first support already in the 9/11 days, when Al-Qaeda went looking for protégés. Since then, Bin Laden’s old terror network has continued to pour cash into Boko Haram, while new groups such as Somalia’s deadly Al-Shabaab have begun to chip in. The result is an influx of cash and training flowing from some of the worst people on Earth, pushing Boko Haram to ever more violent extremes.

The many refugee camps in Africa and around the borders of Turkey got the West thinking “good that they stay there” but hundreds of African and Syrian migrants found themselves falling in the hand of criminals gaining a lot by their hopes to find a better life in Europe, crossing the waters. So we have seen thousands crammed in boats trying to reach Europe, now making already thousands who have perished attempting journeys of hope which turned in an other hell. Millions have made it successfully and are now proving to be a menace of unimaginable magnitude to the Europeans. They will be a menace, not because all Europeans are Catholic or even religious. Many would like Europeans and Americans to believe they are an Islamic hazard, but they are Not Islamic! The risk naturally is that we get an unbalance of immigrants looking for work and looking for a way to live in Western Europe.

The recent terrorist attacks in France and Denmark have highlighted the problem and, as much as the populace was marching to illustrate national solidarity, the underlying schism between Muslims and ‘the rest’ simmers slowly, but relentlessly, toward boiling point. This underlying current of unrest is being exacerbated by the arrival of Muslim ‘refugees’ of all colours on the shores of Southern Europe – especially Italy – the home of the Vatican. And the nationalist parties making use to frighten the people even more.

UKIP helping to put oil on the extreme right wing ideas got some British youngsters so far that across the channel they even made amok presenting the continent with a serious case of racist resentment when Chelsea supporters ejected a black passenger from a Paris train, which was caught on video and got the world round, getting various positive and negative reactions.

Unrest is the meekest word we can use to describe the condition of the whole of Europe. In the East, Russia is having its war games – especially with Ukraine at present. To gain some prestige for Mr Putin, Russia took back the Crimea, but this boiled over into the Ukraine when Russian immigrants there decided to carve out some territory and annex it to Moscow – with the resultant carnage of today!
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Preceding articles:

  1. Mocking, Agitation and Religious Persecution
  2. Continues Syrian conflict needing not only dialogue
  3. Migrants to the West #6
  4. Reluctance to act in Syrian civil war
  5. Did the White House Help Plan the Syrian Chemical Attack
  6. NATO Convinced that the Syrian regime is responsible
  7. How far does America wants to go to being a pessimist
  8. 2013 Lifestyle, religiously and spiritualy
  9. Sharing a common security and a common set of values
  10. Public not informed enough about Jihad terrorism in Belgium
  11. Demand of 15 years for leader Sharia4Belgium
  12. Not true or True Catholicism and True Islam
  13. Islamic State forcing the West to provide means for Kurdistan
  14. Turkey witnessing a surge in xenophobia
  15. Sharing a common security and a common set of values
  16. ISIL will find no safe haven
  17. Is Turkey attempting to resurrect the Ottoman Empire
  18. Americans wrongly informed about situation in Europe
  19. To freeze the fighting in Aleppo
  20. Caliphs and the Justice and Development Party (AKP) government
  21. 2014 Politics in the United States of America
  22. 2014 Politics all over the world
  23. 2014 Human Rights
  24. 2014 Social contacts
  25. 2014 Religion
  26. Funding of ISIS

Next: Cities not under fear but monuments feared

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Please do find more background reading:

  1. Egypt in the picture
  2. Syrian capital facing total destruction in the coming months
  3. Russia supplying weapons to Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime
  4. Humanitarian crisis in Syria
  5. Relieve the current humanitarian crisis in Syria
  6. UK forces EU to lift embargo on Syria rebel arms
  7. Syria peace talks in doubt over ‘credible partners’
  8. Temperatures rising
  9. Chemical warsite and Pushing king of the South
  10. Eretz (Israel-friendly) Kurdistan
  11. Netanyahu: ‘ISIS is good for Israel’
  12. Russia, US Nearing Proxy War in Syria
  13. ISIL presence in ME benefits Israel: Analyst
  14. ISIS: Israel’s ticket to regime change in Syria
  15. This is how Boko Haram funds its evil
  16. Declaring a Jihad Against ISIS
  17. ISIS, Mosul Dam and threatening lives of those who want to live in freedom
  18. International Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue
  19. African misery and women inequality
  20. Entering a new period of ‘Cold War’
  21. Lacking legitimacy in the eyes of his people
  22. Meeting to focus on humanitarian issues for Syria
  23. Abdelhamid Abaaoud brain of Molenbeek’s network dismantled in their hideaway at Verviers
  24. Wrong ideas about religious terrorism
  25. Lack of religious freedom South Sudan
  26. Too Young To Fight?

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Rareties of Rogier van der Weyden presented at Museo del Prado

“The Crucifixion,” by one of the most celebrated artists of his time, the Flemish artist Rogier van der Weyden made near the end of the artist’s life, was brought to Spain in the 16th century. Once hung in the sacristy of the El Escorial complex’s main structure, a massive royal monastery commissioned by Spanish King Philip II, it was later moved to a less conspicuous spot in the 17th century.

19 rare works by van der Weyden and other 15th-century artists are now vividly exhibited until June 28 against a dark-blue background at the Madrid’s Prado Museum.

Crucifixion Diptych (c.1460), Rogier van der W...

Crucifixion Diptych (c.1460), Rogier van der Weyden. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Coming closer to 14 Nisan, Pesach remembering the last supper of Jeshua and his impalement we can have a closer look at the most influential northern artist of the 15th century and the way the death of Christ was presented at that time and got such an influence on Christendom that still to day many people take it that Jesus died on such a two beam torture cross, though at the time of the Romans this was not yet used. Jesus Christ was nailed on a vertical wooden beam.

The artistic liberty of imagining a more spectacular composition and more dramatic position, this with by fluency of line, rhythmic composition, and expressive intensity makes us stand in wonder and pardoning the historical truth.

Rogier van der Weyden with  Jan van Eyck, and Robert Campin can be called founding fathers of the main traditions of early Netherlandish painting and his formal beauty and spiritual intensity made Netherlandish painting more readily accessible to succeeding generations of artists than the work of his two major contemporaries.

The Descent from the Cross, may be considered as one of his most famous works, for the guild crossbowmen of Louvain. His best-known works include a Last Judgment altarpiece that measures 18 feet (5.5m) in width, made for Nicolas Rolin, Chancellor of Burgundy  in Beaune (late 1440s) in which we can find a Gothic influence; as well as the Braque Triptych, Adoration of the Magi, St. Luke Painting the Virgin, the Deposition panel and the Viennese Crucifixion Triptych (1440-1445) we can find a boundary between the early style and the mature phase of Weyden’s work. The painting still retains several Eyckian features, such as the continuous landscape background across all three panels, but it also introduces a new emotive quality in the sense of dramatic immediacy.

The Last Judgment Polyptych (1445–1450) by Rog...

The Last Judgment Polyptych (1445–1450) by Rogier van der Weyden, Hôtel-Dieu of Beaune, France. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

With the Prado’s “The Descent from the Cross,” moved for the first time in decades from its home in a lower-floor gallery we can find a show worth visiting, having 19 rare works and the classics from all  over the world brought together with the “Miraflores Triptych,” from the Berlin State Museums’ Gemäldegalerie and “The Seven Sacraments” from Antwerp’s Royal Museum of Fine Arts.

Museo del Prado, Madrid

Museo del Prado, Madrid (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Please do read more about it:

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Panamarenko’s exhibition

Originally posted on APieceOfArt:

I got this free ticket out of my newspaper to visit Panamarenko’s exhibition and see his artistic works for real. I did enjoy the exhibition that was put up in the MuHKA, in Antwerp where he used to live almost  all his life. It was a kind of dedication to him, to honour him  which has not always been like that. And still some people do not agree with his ‘fabrications’ being art. But I think it is justified after all these years  for him to be recognised as a big artist we should cherish here in Belgium. Not only did he follow his dream, he also persevered in executing his dream by fabricating man driven vehicles to reach for the stars. And although he never succeeded in ‘taking off’, he kept on dreaming, by getting the city built a platform on his house for the day that….he’ll fly to the stars.

So here is what…

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M HKA – Panamarenko

Marcus Ampe:

Nil’s photography may bring nicer and more professional photographs of the MHKA exhibition with Panamarenko’s Universum.

Belgians may smile when they hear the name Panamarenlo, hearing him speak in his Antwerp dialect and sometimes bringing jealousy on people loving to wonder about in a dream-world like his.

Ja, wie zou in België die fantast niet kennen met zijn ontegensprekelijk aanstekelijke Antwerpse tongval enthousiast van zijn visionaire ideeën?

Fijn om zulk een mooie verzameling foto’s te vinden van deze boeiende tentoonstelling.

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Preceding articles:

Een oog op de artiest en visionaire fantast rare kwiet Panamarenko

An eye on artist and visionary strange fellow Panamarenko

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Originally posted on Nil's...:

You may have heard his name – or even know about his art.It involves objects that could be flying, even a submarine and other technical ideas, insects and so much more that are turned into artworks and he has always fascinated and also amused me… So I did not want to miss this selection of his art in the Museum of Contemporary Art in Antwerp…

Aan de Belgen (en de Nederlanders?) moet ik Panamarenko waarschijnlijk niet voorstellen. De meesten zullen wel gehoord hebben van zijn kunstwerken ontstaan uit technische ideeën, beweging, vliegen, varen en zo veel meer… Hij heeft me wel altijd al gefascineerd en geamuseerd… En ik wou zijn overzichtstentoonstelling in de M HKA zeker niet missen…

1-PMK018

2-PMK035

3-PMK041

Those of you who want to see more of my impressions, click on the thumbnail below en hit F11 for the slideshow… ‘HOME’ at the top of the slideshow will take…

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My Panamarenko experience 2015

Originally posted on Viagem & Travel:

A few days ago my boyfriend told me: We`re going to see the Panamarenko exhibition in Antwerpen. Ok, will be nice, but who is Panamarenko? Don`t worry is a nice guy, you`ll like it. I think that `nice` must be `crazy` hahahahah it was my first impression at 2min after arrived.

The artist

Actually this artist is a genius what means… crazy man rsrsrs. He has the perfect match in his mind as an engineer, inventor, poet, physicist and somebody passionate by wings. Some work has similarity to airplanes made by Santos Dumont , and all of the machines works.

ZZzzzzzzz   Airplanes

Miniatures        Small size

When I thought `Oh my God` Panamarenko surprised us again, he also worked with cars, military, robotic… he`s like sea, earth, sky and soul. During all the time I just was thinking what`s happening in his mind to create something like that? Normally when I’m visiting…

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An eye on artist and visionary strange fellow Panamarenko

The Contemporary Art museum!

The Contemporary Art museum of Antwerp! (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the Museum for Modern Art in Antwerp, the MHKA (previously with the better name:  MuHKA) space was given to an inventor, technician, mathematician, philosopher and visionary who in the 1960 got lots of problems with the authority and got taken in custody and fined a few times.

That it pays to let your mind to go off the free passage and not to worry about what the outside world, that will not be open to other thoughts, thinks of you, proves the artist, , inventor, engineer, mathematician, philosopher and visionary, Henri Van Herwegen alias Panamarenko, born in 1940.

For a museum is not easy to place him under one umbrella Antwerp. This multi-facet artist can not be given just one ‘tag’. It is virtually impossible to categorise this artist’s work in a particular style or movement in contemporary art because of the unique and innovative nature of his oeuvre. Panamarenko was always exploring new avenues by means of drawings, writings and calculations. He showed things that were not fully visible and for this purpose relied on our imagination. His combination of artistic insight and technological experiment gives his spectacular constructions an odd sort of beauty, both playful and imposing.

‘I am not a scien­tist, nor someone who makes art objects. To me the most important thing is that the things I make occasionally contain a sort of poetry.’

Panamarenko Universum

Panamarenko takes a central place in the approach to art of the M HKA, which takes as its point of departure the avant-garde of the 1960s, where local stood synonymous for open and international. For the M HKA, the central position of Panamarenko is expressed in the museum’s most ambitious project of the past decade: the renovation and refurbishment of Panamarenko’s studio on Biekorfstraat, in Antwerp’s legendary Seefhoek district. Since then, the M HKA has also acquired the Panamarenko archive of Paul Morrens. The exhibition Panamarenko Universum is yet another step in the sustained commitment of an Antwerp museum devoted to a key artist of the city. Whereas the challenge of making the Biekorfstraat into a public monument lay in the complexity of the peripheral material that surrounds this oeuvre, with Panamarenko Universum, M HKA now focuses on the very core of the artist’s work.

As with so many Flemish artists, the art scene has devoted little energy to creating a meaningful context around Panamarenko’s oeuvre. He was mainly seen as a ‘strange fellow’ with magical sculptures. The retrospective Panamarenko Universum does not aim to bring together as many works or material as possible – the M HKA possesses much more material than it can ever show – but wants to explore both the works and the interconnective context that could possibly constitute the foundation of Panamarenko’s oeuvre. For the first time, the multitude of vehicles and devices Panamarenko has created ​​between 1965 and 2005 is organised into a thematic and chronological overview. In this way, Panamarenko Universum aims to create both a clear and varied picture of Panamarenko’s impressive oeuvre.

We can say the MHKA made a good job with the nicely constructed exhibition “Panamarenko Universum”. They wonderfully managed to present a beautiful picture of the versatility of this artist who sometimes was seen by many as a strange or crazy person.

Panamarenko Universum shows how and why the artist developed into an icon of this postwar European avant-garde. At least forty key works are supplemented by drawings, objects, models and editions. In addition, there is also a focus on Panamarenko’s 1960s happenings, his scientific insights and his artistic statements. After the happenings which Panamarenko organized in Antwerp he continued on the basis of drawings, texts and calculations always to scan new possibilities wanting to show people things that are not visible at all, and asking the audience to appeal to their imagination. The combination of artistic insight and technological experiment give spectacular constructions which possess a strange beauty, at once playful and impressive.

The works are placed according a thematic and chronological structure giving attention to the abundance of craft and devices that Panamarenko made between 1965 and 2005.

Panamarenko Universum presents a clear and yet varied picture of his unique oeuvre and shows how and why the artist developed into an icon of this postwar European avant-garde.

For years he brought one strange thing after the other to surprise everybody. Sutprise it was also when in 2005 he announced that he had come to the end of his artistic career on his sixty-fifth birthday. As succinctly as unexpected the fax told:

“It’s 2005 and I’m 65. I’m going to stop all activities. Many greetings. Panamarenko.”

Pro-Justitia document - Official report concerning manifestation  in Antwerp 1966/03/12- Procesverbaal betreft manifestatie te Antwerpen

Pro-Justitia document – Official report concerning manifestation in Antwerp 1966/03/12- Procesverbaal betreft manifestatie te Antwerpen

Panamarenko Universum is the large one-time return of Panamarenko to his hometown, Antwerp. Nearly ten years after the retrospective at the KMSK in Brussels, M HKA devotes a unique retrospective to the work of Panamarenko.

The retrospective Panamarenko Universum does not aim to amass as many works or material as possible – the M HKA possesses more material than it could ever display – but wants to explore both the works and the interconnectivity that could constitute the foundation of Panamarenko’s oeuvre. At the exhibition we could find less works than at the exhibtion a few years ago in Brussels but the concept was totally different and also very interesting plus inviting the public to view it from an other perspective, nearly trying to get you in the mind of the visionary artist.

For the first time, the multitude of vehicles and devices Panamarenko created ​​between 1965 and 2005 has been organised into a thematic and chronological overview. As such, Panamarenko Universum aims to create both a clear and varied picture of Panamarenko’s impressive oeuvre.

Born in 1940 Henri Van Herwegen took on the pseudonym from the Russian general called General Panamarenko which he heard mentioned at his homemade transistor radio in a Perspex box in 1958. He succeeded in receiving a station from the then GDR (East Germany), which was enough reason to find him very suspect at that time.

Happening news

Panamarenko’s career started in the 1960s as the inspirer of several happenings, playful street performances that he orchestrated in the centre of Antwerp. At that time he focused on human action, and chance playd a major role, having the outcome not usually known in advance. In the wake of May 68, Panamarenko, Hugo Heyrman and others set up the Vrije Aktiegroep Antwerpen (VAGA, ‘Antwerp Free Action Group’). This was an informal group of individuals who raised difficult social and ecological issues. One of its aims was to proclaim the beautiful Conscienceplein (the square of Hendrik Conscience) in Antwerp a car-free zone. Panamarenko had the idea of stacking blocks of ice in the form of a cube so that they froze to the ground and formed a natural barrier to traffic. This Ijsblokkenactie was a success, because the city council finally gave way and banned cars from the square.

On the initiative of Panamarenko, Hugo Heyrman, Wout Vercammen and Yoshio Nakajima the avant-garde magazine Happening News first appeared in September 1965 mostly containing photocopied collages rooted in Dadaism and Surrealism. This magazine revealed several of the fascinations and sources of inspiration that were to recur and be materialised in his later oeuvre.

Conquering space – Fixed-wings & zeppelins

Flying objects creations by Panamarenko - vliegende objecten creaties van Panamarenko

Flying objects creations by Panamarenko – vliegende objecten creaties van Panamarenko

Nederlands: Panamarenko met op de achtergrond ...

Panamarenko with in the background the Aeromodeller. – Panamarenko met op de achtergrond zijn Aeromodeller. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

As from the 1970s, Panamarenko wanted to conquer the lowermost part of the atmosphere. The building of his first airship, The Aeromodeller, in 1971, was an extension of the happenings and embodied the artist’s dream of being free at all times to move freely through the atmosphere. The Piewan (Deltavliegtuig P1), equipped with twenty electric motors, was made entirely of tin sheeting. The notable thing about this device was that its fuselage was also its wing. The V1 Barada Jet is a wooden jet aircraft with short, solid wings. It has a powerful appearance and Panamarenko considered it one of his most convincing designs. The artist’s interest in animals and physics, combined with his fascination for aviation and mechanics, led to a far-reaching study of the vibration mechanism in insect wings. Such principles as resonance and vibration frequency were applied to pedal-driven light aircraft such as Umbilly I and the Grote Quadru Flip-Flop. Panamarenko based his Raven’s variable matrix and Ijsvogel on the flapping of birds’ wings.

From early drawings of this aircraft it is apparent that Panamarenko initially wanted to construct the Donderwolk as an aircraft driven by manpower. The final craft is a combination of • propeller-driven aircraft and • glider. The closed, compact cockpit looks like that of an old fighter aircraft and is made of aluminium and Perspex. The inside is clad with felt to make it more comfortable for the pilot to sit in’. At the back of the craft is a go-cart engine of 10 horsepower. The propeller has a diameter of 80 cm and turns at 5000 revolutions per minute. For its delta wing, Panamarenko used strong cotton, which his mother sewed together, permeated with liquid rubber. The dark colour of the rubber explains the title of the work. This wings can be steered using cables operated by two levers in the cockpit.

In the catalogue for Documenta V, Panamarenko makes the following laconic remark about Donderwolk:

‘Strong, light aircraft. Not yet tried out.’

Flying object by Panamarenko at the MHKA exhibition March 2015 - Een van de vele tentoongestelde vliegende objecten op de Fixed Wings afdeling van de tentoonstelling over Panamarenko in het MHKA, maart 2015

Flying object by Panamarenko at the MHKA exhibition March 2015 – Een van de vele tentoongestelde vliegende objecten op de Fixed Wings afdeling van de tentoonstelling over Panamarenko in het MHKA, maart 2015

From the early 1970, Panamarenko tried to transpose the vibration mechanism of insects to light, pedal-driven flying machines. According to him, flapping wings could well be the most efficient form of man-powered flying. But although the flapping wing looks simple at first sight, it is much more complex than the fixed wing or the helicopter. Since humans lack a natural mechanism, accord­ing to Panamarenko we have to compensate for this by means of a construction that employs our highly developed leg muscles. The various Meganeudons and Umbillys are all founded on the same basic idea: between the power source and the wings is a spring that produces the vibration typical of insect wings. Because both of the wings are linked to the spring, they keep each other in balance and each stroke of the wing is automatically followed by a sprung backstroke. In 1986 Panamarenko built the Encarsia Formosa, named after an ichneumon-fly with vibrating wings. He sees the existence of this insect as proof that his wing mechanism is based on a reliable principle.

Revolutions per minute

In the 1970s, to create devices that take off vertically, Panamarenko concentrated his research on rotation speed and lifting power. Portable Air Transport (P.A.T. for short), a small, portable flying machine from 1969, is the earliest craft in this collection. Panamarenko here explored mechanics in greater depth and developed a series of compact but powerful Pastille Motors to power his rucksack helicopters. The name Pastille Motor refers to the round, flat shape reminiscent of a large aspirin. The engine must not weigh more than twelve kg, while five kilos of fuel should be sufficient for twenty minutes’ flying. The power mechanism in these rucksack devices con­tinued to evolve over the years. The Super Pepto Bismo, for example, is powered by a series of short lift-propellers driven by small but powerful engines. In 1986, on the basis of an illustrated text from the early 1970s, Panamarenko built his pedaldriven Helikopter. During a trip to Peru in 1990, the artist decided to make a hover-car (K2) which, so as to be able to fly between the trees, had to be a craft without propellers and without wings.

In the publication The Helicopter as a Potential Winner, Panamarenko describes in words and images the aerodynamic calculations, construction and choice of materials by which means a human-powered helicopter should be built. It is powered by the hands and feet and the total weight (including a pilot of 60 kg) must not exceed 71 kg. The main problem is achieving the greatest possible lifting power and the most manoeuvrable possible machine with a minimum of weight. However, according to Panamarenko these problems are not insurmountable because a helicopter is a simple craft that does not need a large wing area and which, above all, can be built very quickly in a small space, where it can also be tested without the need for an airfield or runway.

The Helicopter as a Potential Winner - One of the many flying objects by Panamarenko - Een van de vele vliegobjecten van Panamarenko

One of the many flying objects by Panamarenko – Een van de vele vliegobjecten van Panamarenko

Lift the machine

In the 1980s and 1990s, Panamarenko was looking for new ways to lift himself into the air (and far beyond). He was now engaged in high-altitude aviation. The 1979 experiment called Magnetische velden demonstrated that electromag­netic power had the greatest chance of success in propelling a flying saucer out of the earth’s atmosphere beyond the reach of gravity. Under the heading Reis naar de sterren, he devised and designed numerous flying and hovering saucers. He accompanied the VIiegende Schotel installation with a typed statement of his theory of space, in which he cunningly used opposing magnetic poles to make spheres and saucers surf freely through the cosmos. In 1983, the Droma magnetic rotor led to the con­struction of the Grote Plumbiet. When the synchronised mechanism of the magnetic cylinders turns, powerful magnetic forces are generated in the field above the machine. Metal discs and flying saucers are able to hover in this magnetic field. ‘Keep the opposing poles in balance, and lift the machine!’

Panamarenko developed Bing of the Ferro Lusto and Bing II as hybrid machines suitable for flying through both the atmosphere and outer space. They were intended to travel between the planets and the cosmic mothership Ferro Lusto, and these flying saucers have to be seen as part of a much larger whole. Bing II was powered using air and has three 4D booster engines developed on the basis of the Tonodel of Space theory. The engine consists of two cylinders set in parallel in a metal block. Four pistons make alternate upward and sideways movements. The drive power develops on the basis of the difference in speed and mass in contrast with the direction of movement of the earth and solar system, boosted by centrifugal force. Panamarenko was optimistic about the good performance of the device:

if my theory is right, it signals of the bankruptcy of all the oil sheiks, because I directly tap the energy of the Big Bang…’

With his theory of closed systems, as from 1968 Panamarenko tried to prove the possibility of launching a mass out into space, with the energy needed for its forward movement contained in a closed system. He clarified his theory by means of a coin that he flipped away with his thumb. Panamarenko did a drawing of the trajectory of the coin, which resulted in a geometrical figure with various speeds. By replacing the coin by an electron whose mass, circumference and speed are known, he subsequently arrives at a standard formula to calculate the revolution and changes of speed of the planets and stars. However, the drawings and calculations encountered considerable opposition from established scientists. By involving the fourth dimension in his theory, Panamarenko gained a new galactic insight, which in the early 1990s resulted in a theory of space which he called his Toymodel of Space. He explained the theory in a short film in 1993, in which he outlines his view of how the universe works.

Engineerd to go into the air - Lift the machine - MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015

Engineerd to go into the air – Lift the machine – MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015

Engineerd to go into the air - Lift the machine - MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015 - Engineerd om de lucht in te gaan - Optillende  machine - MHKA Panamarenko tentoonstelling februari-maart 2015

Engineerd to go into the air – Lift the machine – MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015 – Engineerd om de lucht in te gaan – Optillende machine – MHKA Panamarenko tentoonstelling februari-maart 2015

Panamarenko's Mothership Ferro Lusto, Bing Engines and Toymodel theories of Space - Antwerps kuntenaar Panamarenko's Moederschip Ferro Lusto, Bingmotoren en Toymodel of Space theorieën

Panamarenko’s Mothership Ferro Lusto, Bing Engines and Toymodel theories of Space – Antwerps kuntenaar Panamarenko’s Moederschip Ferro Lusto, Bingmotoren en Toymodel of Space theorieën

Engineered to go to sea

From the air into the sea is just a small step.

In the 1990s, Panamarenko explored the mysteries of the sea. He devised craft and equipment to dive more rapidly and to float with greater stability. However functional and ingenious this work is, aesthetics and adventure still came first and foremost. The first real water device was a sophisticated diving suit, intended for walking over the gentle slopes of the seabed. Panamarenko tested The Portuguese Man of War on the Maldives in 1990. To gauge the depth of the sea, in 1992 he designed the Grote elleboog, his first deep-sea diving device. The Monocedo is a helicopter which, thanks to two floats, can take off and land anywhere. On a metal axle between the two floats is a wooden seat for the pilot. In 1999 several lines of research came together: Panamarenko built an imposing flying boat on 8 elongated floats and powered by aircraft engines. This, the Scotch Gambit, was his biggest creation, and was based on two sketches from his early years (dated 1966 and 1970).

The steel submarine called Pahama Nova Zemblaya, whose shape is a clear reference to Walvis, an early object from 1967, exudes grace and strength, but at the same time is refined and elegant. Panamarenko had wanted to build a compact submarine for some time, in which to sail to the Far North. It was not until the mid-1990s that he found the desired engine in a shop selling boat parts at Antwerp harbour.

At the top the submarine has a broad shaft that serves as an air duct and lookout tower. The bows of the boat have a big round panel in Perspex so as to be able to view the underwater life. The entire hull is varnished with a silver-grey coating of shiny epoxy resin, which leaves the numerous welds visible. The complete construction weighs no less than 3000 kg and can submerge to a depth of 7 m. Panamarenko created this submarine to sail from the River Scheldt to Nova Zembla via Spitsbergen, but the trip was cancelled because of all sorts of practical and organisational constraints.

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine - Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine – Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine - Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine – Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Servo robotica

As well as imposing craft, as from the end of the 1990s Panamarenko also built small but intelligent birds and walking robots. The intelligence of the mechanics – with relays, servos and microchips – is directly in proportion to the refinement of their execution. In 2004 Panamarenko built Vogelmarkt, a poetic installation of three tables with an sun-awning as the setting for a demonstration of three walking chickens. The three birds in vivid colours are equipped with a small electric motor powered by a battery.

The birds’ stepping mecha­nism refers back to the 1994 work Knikkebeen, an insect-like device on long aluminium legs that enable it to walk around more easily in the Swiss mountains. Panamarenko’s first fully-developed project for a robot was shown in an early drawing from 1970. It was only in 2004 that he decided to carry out the design as a working robot. In the summer of that year he took the device, called Arlikoop, with him to the North Pole, where he shot a series of films of it with the vast fields of snow and ice as a backdrop

One of the many Panamarenko intelligent birds and walking robots by Panamarenko - Een van de vele 'inteligente vogels' en robotica van Panamarenko

Archaeopterix – One of the many Panamarenko intelligent birds and walking robots by Panamarenko – Een van de vele ‘inteligente vogels’ en robotica van Panamarenko

When Panamarenko tried to imitate the flapping of insect wings mechanically, he gradually started to become increasingly interested in prehistoric birds. This gave him the idea of con­structing his ‘flying chicken’, as he liked to call his Archaeopterix, by taking the. example of this prehistoric creature. The archaeopteryx is a fossil bird from the Late Jurassic period. This creature has certain features of reptiles, such as a serrated beak full of pointed teeth, a long bony tail and membranous wings. According to a thesis formulated 140 years ago, the archaeopteryx was the first bird to be descended from the dinosaurs. Panamarenko’s very first Archaeopterix was a chicken-like bird that is able to walk around autonomously powered by built-in photoelectric cells.

It is guided by sensors and has a chip in its body that is the nerve centre from which all its commands are given. This was later followed by walking and/or moving versions in which Panamarenko continued experimenting with the controls, the stepping mechanism and the power source.

Antwerp museum taking care of its citizen

With the exhibition Panamarenko Universum the MKHA, as museum of contemporary arts presents in a very nice way the works of the Antwerp artist. It also parallel to the exhibition continues its work on the digitization and making publicly available of Panamarenko’s oeuvre presenting also an online platform, hosted on ensembles.org, still being updated and expanded.

Embracing the possibilities of new media, M HKA is making an effort to share its knowledge and trying to get children, the future visitors involved as well, by offering a nice worksstudio where the kids could work in the fashion of the artist. I noticed many enthusiast kids who did their best to create all sorts of flying ‘animal’ or ‘objects’.

The M HKA Ensembles is a web tool – used by the entire organisation – that targets a sustainable digital organization of information and insights. At this moment it contains multi-media information of over 7000 works of art by more than 2000 artists. Now, with a public version, they share a substantial selection, which I only can advice you to go to visit.

Panamarenko Universum at MHKA, 22 March 2015

Panamarenko Universum at MHKA, 22 March 2015

New ways to lift man into the air (and far beyond) - Nieuwe manieren om de mens  in de lucht te tillen (en ver daarbuiten) Panamarenko Universum 22/03/2015

New ways to lift man into the air (and far beyond) – Nieuwe manieren om de mens in de lucht te tillen (en ver daarbuiten) Panamarenko Universum 22/03/2015

– Text: MHKA, Hans Willemse, Bart De Baere and Marcus Ampe

Photo’s: Marcus Ampe

Dutch version / Nederlandstalige versie: Een oog op de artiest en visionaire fantast rare kwiet Panamarenko

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Een oog op de artiest en visionaire fantast rare kwiet Panamarenko

Dat het loont om je gedachten de vrije gang te laten en je niets aan te trekken van de buitenwereld, die niet wil open staan voor andere gedachten, bewijst de in 1940 geboren  kunstenaar, uitvinder, technieker, wis­kundige, filosoof en visionair, Henri Van Herwegen alias Panamarenko.

Voor een museum is het niet makkelijk om deze Antwerpse kunstenaar onder één noemer te plaatsen en een volwaardig beeld te geven van deze speciale kunstenaar die in zijn beginjaren wel velen op de zenuwen werkte en hiervoor ook wel eens door de politie onder handen werd genomen.

The Contemporary Art museum!

The Contemporary Art museum Antwerp!- Antwerps Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ook al is de man zijn werk zeer veel omvattend is het MHKA (dat vroeger beter noemde met de naam MuHKA) er wonderwel in geslaagd een mooi beeld op te stellen van de veelzijdigheid van deze kunstenaar die door velen wel eens aanschouwd wordt als een vreemde of gek persoon.

Na de happenings die hij in Antwerpen organiseerde bleef hij aan de hand van tekeningen, teksten en berekeningen steeds nieuwe mogelijkheden aftasten en wil hij de mensen dingen tonen die niet helemaal te zien zijn en verzoekt de toeschouwers om een beroep te doen op onze verbeelding. Door de combinatie van artistiek inzicht en technologisch experiment bezitten zijn spectaculaire constructies een vreemd soort schoonheid, tegelijk speels en indrukwekkend. Hij bedenkt een mechanisme voor de vleugelbeweging, nog voor wetenschappers het ontdekken bij een insect. Hij formuleert een geloofwaardig idee voor de aansturing van ruimteschepen.

Jarenlang wist hij menig veel te verbazen tot zelfs in 2005 toen hij op zijn vijfenzestigste verjaardag aankondigde dat hij aan het einde van zijn artistieke loopbaan was gekomen. Even bondig als onverwacht klinkt het per fax:

“Het is 2005 en ik ben 65. Ik ga met alle activiteiten stoppen. Vele groeten. Panamarenko.”

Panamarenko Universum

Voorzien van veel ruimte voor de bezoekers zodat iedereen de werken goed kan aanschouwen brengen zeven thematische clusters tuigen, objecten en tekeningen samen die inhoudelijk sterk met elkaar verbonden zijn.

Na de happenings gaat het om Panamarenko’s Silent Objects uit de jaren zestig, de Fixed-Wings & Zeppelins uit de jaren zeventig, de gemotoriseerde toestellen onder de noemer Revolutions per Minute, de ruimtetuigen in de cluster Lift the Machine, de watertuigen met de titel Engineered to go to Sea, en ten slotte de robots en wandelende kippen, Servo-Robotica. Binnen elke cluster wordt een bepaald facet van de kunstenaar extra uitgelicht in een gedachtewolk. Een opval­lende karaktertrek of fascinatie die zijn werk sterk heeft beïnvloed, wordt blootgelegd. Op die manier krijg je naast levensgrote tuigen, tekeningen en prototypes ook een unieke kijk op de inspiratiebronnen van Panamarenko.

Voor de kinderen was er ook opvang voorzien in werkateliers waar wij de kinderen gestimuleerd vonden om zelf allerlei soorten vliegelementen te creëren. dit lijkt een uitstekende wijze om de kinderen bij kunst te betrekken en hun gezichtsveld te verruimen alsook om hun creativiteit te stimuleren en een toekomstig museum bezoeker te vormen.

Oost en West

Dat Henri Van Herwegen de Oost Duitse radio beluisterde in 1958, mocht wel verdacht lijken in de jaren van de koude oorlog. Dat hij daarbij nog een pseudoniem koos naar de Russische generaal Panamarenko mag een doorn in het oog van de politie geweest zijn die in hem ook een revolterend type vonden. Sommigen vinden dat de combinatie van zowel een Amerikaans (Panama) als een Russisch element in de naam ook op de globalisering of op het Oost-Westconflict zou kunnen wijzen.

Tijdens de happenings in de jaren 60 in Antwerpen verschijnt Panamarenko regelmatig in generaalsuniform of vliegenierspak, met een Russische kepie op zijn hoofd. In de jaren die daarop volgen, refereert hij in woord en beeld naar het militaire jargon. De geüniformeerde personages die zijn tuigen nu en dan in gebruik nemen, zijn steevast uitgedost met helm, bril of veldfles.

Panamarenko start zijn carrière in de jaren 60 als gangmaker van verschillende happenings, ludieke straatoptredens, die hij in het centrum van Antwerpen orkestreert. In de nasleep van mei 68 wordt de Vrije Aktiegroep Antwerpen (VAGA) opgericht, met onder anderen Panamarenko en Hugo Heyrman. Het is een losse groepering van individuen die sociale en ecologische pijnpunten aankaart. Zo wil VAGA het Antwerpse Conscienceplein uitroepen tot een autovrije zone. Panamarenko heeft het idee om ijsblokken in kubusvorm op te stapelen, waardoor ze niet alleen aan elkaar vastvriezen, maar ook aan de grond, en op die manier een natuurlijke barricade tegen het autoverkeer vormen. De Ijsblokkenactie is een succes, want het stadsbe­stuur geeft uiteindelijk toe aan de eisen om het plein autovrij te maken.

Pro-Justitia document - Official report concerning manifestation  in Antwerp 1966/03/12- Procesverbaal betreft manifestatie te Antwerpen

Pro-Justitia document – Official report concerning manifestation in Antwerp 1966/03/12- Procesverbaal betreft manifestatie te Antwerpen

Het avant-gardetijdschrift Happening News, dat later Milkyways zal gaan noemen, verschijnt voor het eerst in september 1965 op initiatief van Panamarenko, Hugo Heyrman, Wout Vercamnen en Yoshio Nakajima. Het tijdschrift bevat voornamelijk gefotokopieerde collages die hun wortels hebben in het dadaïsme en het surrealisme. Hoewel ze op het eerste gezicht spontaan lijken, zijn veel van deze collages beredeneerd en verwijzen ze, na enige ontcijfering, naar voorgaande happenings. Er verschijnen in totaal zes nummers van gemiddeld zestien bladzijden. De opmerkelijke beeld­ en tekstcollages die Panamarenko voor Happening News ontwerpt, bestaan vaak uit afbeeldingen en tekstfragmenten van Amerikaanse wetenschappelijke tijdschriften en magazines, zoals Scientific American, Popular Mechanics en Mechanic Illustrated. Ze tonen niet alleen Panamarenko’s gevoel voor compositie en detail, maar leggen tegelijk een aantal fascinaties en inspiratiebronnen bloot die in zijn verdere oeuvre zullen terugkeren en uitgevoerd worden.

Silent Objects

In de tweede helft van de jaren 60 bouwt Panamarenko een reeks poëtische objecten, vaak geïnspireerd op herinneringen uit zijn jeugd. Omdat bij deze werken de nadruk op het vor­melijke ligt en nog niet op het functioneren of de technologie, worden ze aangeduid als ,stille objecten’. Bij die objecten zien wij ook al de fascinatie voor technologie.

Fixed-Wings & Zeppelins

Flying objects creations by Panamarenko - vliegende objecten creaties van Panamarenko

Flying objects creations by Panamarenko – vliegende objecten creaties van Panamarenko

Nederlands: Panamarenko met op de achtergrond ...

Panamarenko met op de achtergrond zijn Aeromodeller. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Met vliegende en gevleugelde tuigen wil Panamarenko vanaf de jaren 70 een eerste stuk van het luchtruim veroveren. De bouw van zijn zeppelin The Aeromodeller in 1971 ligt in het verlengde van de happenings, en belichaamt de droom van de kunstenaar om zich te allen tijde vrij te kunnen bewegen door het luchtruim. De Piewan (Deltavliegtuig P1), uitgerust met twintig elektromotoren, is volledig vervaardigd uit blik. Opmerkelijk aan dit toestel is dat de romp tegelijk de vleugel is. De VI Barada Jet is een houten straalvliegtuig met korte, massieve vleugels. Door zijn krachtige uitstraling beschouwt Panamarenko hem als een van zijn sterkste ontwerpen. De interesse van de kunstenaar voor meren en natuurkunde, gecom­bineerd met zijn fascinatie voor luchtvaart en mechanica, leidt tot een vergaand onderzoek naar het trilmechanisme van insectenvleugels. Principes zoals resonantie en trilfrequentie worden toegepast op lichte vliegtuigen met pedaal aandrijving, zoals de Umbilly 1 en de Grote Quadru Flip-Flop. Voor de Raven’s variable matrix en de IJsvogel baseert Panamarenko zich dan weer op de klapwiek-methode van vogels.

Flying object by Panamarenko at the MHKA exhibition March 2015 - Een van de vele tentoongestelde vliegende objecten op de Fixed Wings afdeling van de tentoonstelling over Panamarenko in het MHKA, maart 2015

Flying object by Panamarenko at the MHKA exhibition March 2015 – Een van de vele tentoongestelde vliegende objecten op de Fixed Wings afdeling van de tentoonstelling over Panamarenko in het MHKA, maart 2015

Uit vroege tekeningen van het vliegtuig Donderwolk (1971) blijkt dat Panamarenko Donderwolk aanvankelijk als een mensenkachtvliegtuig wou construeren. Het uiteindelijke toestel is een combinatie van een propeller- en een zweefvliegtuig.. De gesloten, compacte cabine lijkt op die van een oud jachtvliegtuig er is gemaakt van aluminium er plexiglas. De binnenkant is met vilt bekleed “om het zitten zachter te maken voor de pi1oot.” Achteraan het toestel is een gocart-motor aangebracht met een vermogen van tien pk.

De propeller heeft een doorsnede van 80 cm er maakt 5000 omwentelingen per minuut. Voor de deltavleugel gebruikt Panamarenko sterk katoen, door zijn moeder aan elkaar gemaaid, dat hij doordrenkt met vloeibaar rubber.

De donkere kleur van het rubber verklaart de titel van het werk. De vleugel is bestuurbaar met behulp van trekkabels die vanuit de cabine met twee handels bediend kunnen worden. In de catalogus van Documenta V noteert Panamarenko bij Donderwolk de laconieke opmerking:

“Sterk, licht vliegtuig. Niet uitgeprobeerd.”

Vanaf het begin van de jaren 70 probeert Panamarenko het trilmechanisme van insectenvleugels te vertalen naar lichte vliegtoestellen met pedaalaandrijving. Flappende vleugels zouden volgens Panamarenko wel eens de meest efficiënte vorm van vliegen op mensenkracht kunnen zijn. Maar hoewel de kloppende vleugel er op het eerste gezicht eenvoudig uit ziet, is hij veel complexer dan de vaste vleugel of de helikopter. Omdat bij mensen een natuurlijk mechanisme ontbreekt, moeten we dit volgens Panamarenko opvangen door een zelfgemaakte constructie die onze sterk ontwikkelde beenspieren gebruikt.

De verschillende Meganeudons en Umbilly’s gaan steeds uit van dezelfde basisgedachte: tussen de aandrijving en de vleugels zit een veer die het typisch trillen van insectenvleugels voortbrengt. Omdat beide vleugels met de veer verbonden zijn, houden ze elkaar in evenwicht en wordt elke vleugelslag automatisch gevolgd door een varende terugslag. In 1986 bouwt Panamarenko de Encarsia Formosa, genoemd naar een sluipwesp met trillende vleugels. Het bestaan van dit insect is voor hem het bewijs dat zijn vleugel-mechanisme op een betrouwbaar principe stoelt.

Revolutions per minute

The Helicopter as a Potential Winner- One of the many flying objects by Panamarenko - Een van de vele vliegobjecten van Panamarenko

The Helicopter as a Potential Winner- One of the many flying objects by Panamarenko – Een van de vele vliegobjecten van Panamarenko

Om toestellen te creëren die loodrecht opstijgen, richt Panamarenko zijn onderzoek tijdens de jaren 70 op de rotatiesnelheid en de hefkracht. Portable Air Transport (kortweg P.A.T.), een klein, draagbaar vliegapparaat uit 1969, is het vroegste toestel uit deze verzameling. Pamarenko kruipt dieper in de mechanica en ontwikkelt zelf een reeks compacte, maar krachtige Pastille Motors als aandrijfmechanisme voor zijn rugzakhelikopters. De naam Pastille Motor verwijst naar de ronde afgeplatte vorm, die doet denken aan een grote aspirine De motor mag niet meer dan twaalf kilogram wegen, terwijl vijf kilogram brandstof moet volstaan om twintig minuten te kunnen vliegen. Het aandrijfmechanisme van de rugzakken is in de loop van de jaren steeds blijven evolueren. Zo gebeurt de voortstuwing van de Super Pepto Bismo door een reeks korte hefschroeven, aangedreven door kleine, maar krachtige motoren. Gebaseerd op een geïllustreerde tekst uit het begin van de jaren 70 bouwt Pana­marenko in 1986 de Helikopter met pedaalaandrijving. Tijdens een reis naar Peru in 1990 besluit de kunstenaar een zwevende auto (K 2) te maken die, om tussen de bomen te kunnen vliegen, een apparaat zonder schroeven en zonder vleugels moet zijn.

In de publicatie The Helicopter as a Potential Winner beschrijft Panamarenko in tekst en beeld de aerodynamische berekeningen, de bouw en de keuze van materialen waarmee een mensenkracht-helikopter zou moeten worden uitgevoerd. De helikopter wordt aangedreven met handen en voeten, en het totale gewicht (inclusief een piloot van 60 kg) mag niet meer zijn dan 71 kg. Het probleem bestaat er vooral in om met een minimum aan gewicht een zo groot mogelijke stijgkracht en een zo manoeuvreerbaar mogelijk toestel te ontwikkelen. Deze problemen zijn volgens Panamarenko echter niet onoverkomelijk, want een helikopter is een eenvoudig tuig dat geen groot vleugeloppervlak nodig heeft, en dat bovendien vrij snel gebouwd kan worden op een kleine plek, waar het ook getest kan worden zonder de noodzaak van een luchthaven of ladingsbaan.

Lift the machine

Engineerd to go into the air - Lift the machine - MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015

Engineerd to go into the air – Lift the machine – MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015

Panamarenko zoekt tijdens de jaren 80 en 90 nieuwe manieren om zich in het luchtruim – en ver daarboven – te verheffen. Hij bedrijft nu de hogere luchtvaart. Het experiment Magnetische velden uit 1979 toont aan dat elektromagnetische aandrijving de grootste kans op succes biedt om een vliegende schotel buiten de dampkring en buiten het bereik van de zwaar­tekracht te brengen. Onder de noemer Reis naar de sterren bedenkt en ontwerpt hij tal van vliegende en zwevende schotels. Bij de installatie Vliegende schotel voegt Panamarenko een getypte verklaring van zijn ruimtetheorie, waarin hij listig gebruik maakt van tegengestelde magneetpolen om sferen en schotels Vrij te laten surfen door de kosmos De magnetische rotor Droma leidt in 1983 tot de bouw van de Grote Plumbiet. Wanneer het gesynchroniseerde mechanisme van de magnetische cilinders draait, ontstaan er sterke magnetische krachten in het veld boven de machine. In dit magnetische veld kunnen metalen schijven en vliegende schotels zweven.

“Keep the opposing poles in balance, and lift the machine!”

Panamarenko ontwikkelt Bing of the Ferro Lusto en Bing II als hybride machines die geschikt zijn om zowel door de atmosfeer, als door de ruimte te vliegen. Bedoeld om zich tussen de planeten en bet kosmisch moederschip Ferro Lusto te verplaatsen, moeten de vliegende schotels gezien worden als een deel van een veel groter geheel. De Bing II wordt aangedreven door lucht en is uitrust met drie 4D-stuwmotoren, die ontwikkeld worden op basis van de Toymodel of Space-theorie. De motor bestaat uit te paar cilinders die parallel in een metalen blok ingebracht worden. Vier zuigers maken beurtelings een opwaartse en een zijwaartse beweging. Vanuit het verschil van snelheid en massa tegenover de vliegrichting van de aarde en het zonnestelsel ontwikkelt zich, door centrifugale krachten versterkt, de stuwkracht. Over de goede prestaties van het toestel is Panamarenko optimistisch: “Als mijn theorie klopt, betekent dat het failliet van alle oliesjeiks, want ik tap de energie rechtstreeks af van de Big Bang…”

Engineerd to go into the air - Lift the machine - MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015 - Engineerd om de lucht in te gaan - Optillende  machine - MHKA Panamarenko tentoonstelling februari-maart 2015

Engineerd to go into the air – Lift the machine – MHKA Panamarenko exhibition February-March 2015 – Engineerd om de lucht in te gaan – Optillende machine – MHKA Panamarenko tentoonstelling februari-maart 2015

Met de theorie van de gesloten systemen tracht Panamarenko vanaf 1968 de mogelijkheid te bewijzen om een massa uit te stoten in de ruimte, waarbij de energie die nodig is voor de voorwaartse verplaatsing gevat kan worden in een gesloten systeem. Hij verduidelijkt zijn theorie aan de hand van een muntstuk dat met een vingerknip wordt weggeschoten. Panamarenko maakt een tekening van de baan die het muntstuk aflegt, wat resulteert in een meetkundige figuur met verschillende snelheden. Door het muntstuk te vervangen door een elektron waarvan de massa, de omtrek en de snelheid gekend zijn, komt hij later tot een standaardformule voor het berekenen van de omlooptijd en de snelheidsverandering van planeten en sterren.. Zijn tekeningen en berekeningen stuiten echter op heel wat weerstand van geves­tigde wetenschappers. Door de vierde dimensie te betrekken, komt Panamarenko begin jaren 90 tot een ruimtetheorie die hij zijn Toymodel of Space noemt.

Panamarenko's Mothership Ferro Lusto, Bing Engines and Toymodel theories of Space - Antwerps kuntenaar Panamarenko's Moederschip Ferro Lusto, Bingmotoren en Toymodel of Space theorieën

Panamarenko’s Mothership Ferro Lusto, Bing Engines and Toymodel theories of Space – Antwerps kuntenaar Panamarenko’s Moederschip Ferro Lusto, Bingmotoren en Toymodel of Space theorieën

Engineerd to go to sea

Men kan in de lucht gaan en onderuit geblazen worden en als men diep zou gaan in het water dan nog kan men opstijgen met een enorme kracht. Na het luchtruim te hebben onderzocht komen de diepten van het water in het oog van de kunstenaar.

In de jaren 90 onderzoekt Panamarenko de geheimen van de zee. Hij bedenkt toestellen en uitrusting om sneller te duiken of stabieler te drijven. Hoe functioneel en ingenieus ook de esthetica en het avontuur staan nog steeds voorop. Het eerste echte watertuig is een gesofisticeerde duikuitrusting, bedoeld om over de lichte hellingen van de zeebodem te wandelen. Panamarenko test The Portuguese Man of War in 1990 op de Maldiven, zoals te zien is op de kleurenafbeelding die deze installatie vervolledigt. Om de diepte van de zee te peilen, ontwerpt Panamarenko in 1992 de Grote elleboog, een eerste  diepzeeduikapparaat.

De Monocedo is een helikopter die dankzij twee vlotters, waartussen op een metalen as een houten zitje voor de bestuurder is geplaatst, overal kan landen en opstijgen. In 1999 komen verschillende lijnen samen: Panamerenko bouwt een imposante vliegboot op 8 langwerpige vlotters, aangedreven door vliegtuigmotoren. De Scotch Gambit is in omvang zijn grootste creatie, gebaseerd op twee vroege schetsen uit de beginjaren (gedateerd 1966 en 1970).

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine - Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine – Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

De stalen duikboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya, waarvan de vorm duidelijk doet denken aan het vroege object Walvis uit 1967, straalt gratie en kracht uit, maar is tegelijk verfijnd en elegant. Panamarenko wil al langer een compacte duikboot bouwen om ermee naar het Hoge Noorden te varen. Het duurt tot halfweg jaren 90 voor hij in een winkel voor scheepsonderdelen in de Antwerpse haven de gewenste aandrijving vindt. Bovenaan beschikt de duikboot over een brede schacht die dient als luchtkoker en uitkijktoren. In de neus van de boot is een grote, ronde wand van plexiglas aangebracht om het onderwaterleven te kunnen aanschouwen. De volledige romp is gevernist met een zilvergrijze laag glanzend epoxyhars, waardoor de talrijke lasnaden duidelijk zichtbaar blijven. De uiteindelijke constructie weegt maar liefst 3.000 kilogram en kan tot op een diepte van 7 meter varen. Panamarenko creëert de duikboot om van Antwerpen van op de Schelde via Spitsbergen naar Nova Zembla te varen, maar door tal van praktische en organisatorische beperkingen wordt de tocht afgeblazen.

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine - Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Pahama Nova Zemblaya steel submarine – Stalen onderzeeboot Pahama Nova Zemblaya van Panamarenko

Servo robotica

Naast imposante tuigen bouwt Panamarenko vanaf eind jaren 90 ook kleine, maar intelligente vogels en rondstappende robots. De intelligentie van de mechanica – met relais, servo’s en microchips – is recht evenredig aan de verfijning in uitvoering. In 2004 bouwt Panamarenko de Vogelmarkt, een Poëtische installatie van drie tafels met een zonneluifel als setting om er drie stappende kippen op te demonstreren. De drie kippen in felle kleuren zijn uitgerust met een kleine elektromotor die aangedreven wordt door een batterij. Het stapmechanisme van de vogels doet denken aan de Knikkebeen uit 1994, een insectachtig toestel op hoge aluminium poten om beter in het Zwitserse gebergte te kunnen rondlopen. Op een vroege tekening van Panamarenko uit 1970 is zijn eerste uitgewerkte project voor een robot te zien. Pas in 2004 besluit hij het ontwerp uit te voeren als werkende robot. Tijdens de zomer van dat jaar neemt hij het toestel mee naar de Noordpool, waar hij een reeks opnames maakt van de Arlikoop met uitgestrekte sneeuw- en ijsvlakten als decor.

Wanneer Panarenko de klapwiek-methode van insectenvleugels op mechanische wijze tracht na te bootsen, groeit gaandeweg zijn belangstelling voor prehistorische vogels.. Het brengt hem op het idee om zijn vliegende kip, zoals hij de Archaeopterix graag noemt, te construeren naar het voorbeeld van het gelijknamig prehistorische dier. De archaeopteryx is een fossiele vogel uit de late juraperiode. Het dier bezit bepaalde kenmerken van reptielen, zoals een gekartelde snavel vol puntige tandjes, een lange benige staart en vliezige vleugels. Volgens een 140 jaar oude stelling stamt de archaeopteryx als eerste vogel af van de dinosaurus. Zijn allereerste Archaeopterix is een kipachtige vogel die op basis van ingebouwde fotocellen in staat is om zelfstandig rond te stappen. De vogel wordt gestuurd door sensoren en heeft een chip in de romp die het zenuwcentrum vormt van waaruit alle opdrachten worden gegeven. Later volgen meerdere stappende of bewegende exemplaren waarbij Panamarenko steeds verder experimenteert met de besturing, het stapmechanisme en de aandrijving.

Panamarenko's very first Archaeopterix (1989) was a chicken-like bird that is able to walk around autonomously powered by built-in photoelectric cells - Allereerste Archaeopterix van Panamarenko (1989), een kip-achtige vogel die in staat is om autonoom rond te lopen, aangedreven door ingebouwde foto-elektrische cellen

Panamarenko’s very first Archaeopterix (1989) was a chicken-like bird that is able to walk around autonomously powered by built-in photoelectric cells – Allereerste Archaeopterix van Panamarenko (1989), een kip-achtige vogel die in staat is om autonoom rond te lopen, aangedreven door ingebouwde foto-elektrische cellen

In een collage die in 1965 wordt opgenomen in het eerste nummer van Happening News staat al te lezen: “Learn to imitate the flight of birds.” Tijdens een van de eerste tentoonstellingen in de Wide White Space Gallery laat Panamarenko een schreeuwende toekan in een kooi opdraven.

De gevederde vrienden zullen tot op de dag van vandaag nauwelijks van zijn zijde wijken. In de Biekorfstraat 2, de legendarische locatie in de Seefhoek waar Panamarenko van 1970 tot 2003heeft gewoond en gewerkt, laat de kunstenaar zich omringen door verschillende papegaaien, een toekan en een duif. De gevel van zijn huis wordt zelfs uitgerust met een goudkleurige erker in glas en lood, gevuld met tropische planten en bedoeld als volière voor zijn vogels. Tijdens een reis naar Peru gaat hij in het Amazonegebied op zoek naar de hoazin, waarvan de jonge vogels klauwen aan hun vleugels hebben en die treffende gelijkenissen vertoont met de archaeopteryx. Deze fascinatie van Panamarenko voor vogels komt voort uit een unieke combinatie van verwondering, respect en vriendschap.

Panamarenko Universum at MHKA, 22 March 2015

Panamarenko Universum at MHKA, 22 March 2015

MHKA en de aparte relatie met Panamarenko

Met Panamarenko Universum brengt het MHKA bijna tien jaar na de retrospectieve in het KMSK in Brussel een unieke overzichtstentoonstelling die niet zo veel mogelijk werken of materiaal wil tentoonstellen, maar wel een teken wil geven van de verzamelbeurt die het museum heeft ingezet. Hierbij tracht het M HKA ook af te vragen welke werken in welke samenhang een ruggengraat voor Panamarenko’s oeuvre kunnen vormen.De gepresenteerde werken laten ons mee in de gedachtengang van Panamarenko voeren. In dat opzicht is de tentoonstelling geslaagd en wekt het in de toeschouwer een verlangen naar meer. Ook zijn de tentoonstellingen in de verdiepingen er boven het bezoek waard en geven die een gevoelen van een verbondenheid met de geest van de creatieve Antwerpenaar. Met de tentoonstelling Op de bodem van de hemel wordt een brug gevormd tussen de twee figuren die Ricardo Brey in zich verenigt: aan de ene kant de historische kunstenaar op een cruciaal moment in de geschiedenis van de Cubaanse kunst, en aan de andere kant de kunstenaar die woont en werkt in Vlaanderen.

Na zijn vertrek uit de stad Antwerpen heeft hij zijn vroeger woonhuis geschonken aan het M HKA en hebben zij de taak op zich genomen om het te ontmantelen en te renoveren. Tijdens de werken stellen Luc Deleu en Panamarenko voor om een helikopterplatform op het huis te bouwen, als mogelijke landingsplaats voor bezoekers, als permanente verbinding met het luchtruim en als een essentieel kenmerk van een hedendaags monument: dat het zichtbaar is via Google Earth.

De tentoonstelling Panamarenko Universum is nu een volgende stap in dat duurzame engagement van een Antwerps museum voor een sleutelkunstenaar uit die stad. Waar de uitdaging in het tot een publiek monument maken van de Biekorfstraat lag in de complexiteit van de periferie van dit oeuvre, focust het M HKA met Panamarenko Universum nu op de kern ervan.

Net zoals bij zo vele Vlaamse kunstenaars besteedde de kunstscène weinig energie aan het scheppen van een zingevend beeld rond Panamarenko’s oeuvre. Hij was vooral een ‘rare kwiet’ met magische sculpturen. De retrospectieve Panamarenko Universum wil niet zo veel mogelijk werken of materiaal verzamelen – het M HKA heeft hoe dan ook méér materiaal dan het kan tonen – maar zich wel afvragen welke werken in welke samenhang een ruggengraat voor Panamarenko’s oeuvre kunnen vormen. Voor het eerst wordt een thematische en chronologische structuur aangebracht in de veelheid aan tuigen en toestellen die Panamarenko tussen 1965 en 2005 maakte. Op die manier wil Panamarenko Universum een helder en tegelijk gevarieerd beeld neerzetten van Panamarenko’s indrukwekkende oeuvre. en daarin is zij geslaagd en weet ons geboeid mee te laten voeren in de magische denkwereld van deze veelzijdige kunstenaar. Dit is dan ook een tentoonstelling dei een aanrader is voor jong en oud.
Gaan zien dus!

New ways to lift man into the air (and far beyond) - Nieuwe manieren om de mens  in de lucht te tillen (en ver daarbuiten) Panamarenko Universum 22/03/2015

New ways to lift man into the air (and far beyond) – Nieuwe manieren om de mens in de lucht te tillen (en ver daarbuiten) Panamarenko Universum 22/03/2015

– Tekst MKHA, Hans Willemse, Bart De Baere en Marcus Ampe

Foto’s: Marcus Ampe

Engelse versie: English version: An eye on artist and visionary strange fellow Panamarenko

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  • The Zeppelin Earns a Fearsome Reputation, 1915 (blogs.scientificamerican.com)
    Airships with rigid frames were developed by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin of Germany starting in the late 19th century. He had envisaged them being used in a viable business for mail delivery, fee-paying travellers and sight-seers—and also for military use.After the Great War broke out, pleasure flights were set aside and Zeppelin fleets were co-opted for military or naval use. Any new weapon system, though, comes with questions about what it can really do in battle and whether it is useful enough to justify its expense and risk.
  • Panama is Still the Easiest Place to Obtain Residency [Until This Happens…] (financialsurvivalnetwork.com)
    Panama is Still the Easiest Place to Obtain Residency [Until This Happens…] by Simon Black I’m starting to feel like a proud uncle. I flew in to Panama yesterday afternoon and thought, “look at how much you’ve grown!” Things were so different the first time I came to Panama in 2004.
  • Camera Obscura at War, II–Zep Buster (longstreet.typepad.com)
    The camera obscura itself didn’t move, and the relatively small occulus offered not that big a range of sky to work with. But that said the weapon was an ingenious and simple mechanism, an early and primitive semi-machine-directed anti-aircraft gun.  There is no mention of whether or not any of these were actually deployed, and compared to the AA guns that actually appeared in the first and second yer of the war, this attempt looks a little antiquated for the time.
  • Brussels – Public Art
    For 3 months, from the 21st April to 15th July 2010, the exposition “Nuestros Silencios” is located at Avenue de la Toison d’Or, in the heart of Brussels. The Mexican artist, Rivelino’s exposition is an integrated part of the festivities organised for the bicentennial anniversary of Mexico’s independence.
  • Rogier Van Der Weyden Rarities, Together in SpainRogier Van Der Weyden Rarities, Together in Spain
    Art historians agree on the greatness of early Netherlandish artist Rogier van der Weyden, but they tend to disagree about what he actually painted. Of the 25-odd surviving works now generally attributed to van der Weyden, historians are certain about only three. Now, those three works will be brought together for the first time when Madrid’s Prado Museum opens its landmark show about the artist today.

    “Rogier van der Weyden” will unite the recently restored painting “The Crucifixion,” part of the collection of the former royal residence of El Escorial, 30 miles from Madrid, with the Prado’s “The Descent from the Cross,” moved for the first time in decades from its home in a lower-floor gallery. The “Miraflores Triptych,” from the Berlin State Museums’ Gemäldegalerie, will join the two large panel paintings.

  • The Forgotten Artifacts Of Communist East Germany
    In 1990, in the thick of the political and social upheaval that reunited East and West Germany, the citizens of East Germany were busy throwing out their things. Over the course of the year, East Germans tossed an average 1.2 tons of trash per person, as a new book on the design history of the German Democratic Republic describes. Beyond the Wall: Art and Artifacts from the GDR is an exhaustive, though not comprehensive, catalog of the country’s graphic and product design.

    Its author, Justinian Jampol, is the founder and executive director of the Wende Museum in Los Angeles, an institution dedicated to preserving Cold War artifacts and history. (The museum’s name comes from the German term for the reunification of East and West Germany, “Die Wende.”) He has been collecting surviving artifacts from East Germany since the mid-1990s. These objects, Jampol warns, are not some kind of “totalitarian kitsch,” but a viewfinder through which to understand and interpret recent history, nationalist commemorative plates and busts of Lenin and all.

Posted in Cultuur, Visuals (Video, Photo, Cartoon) | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Spend time creating new blogs

The last few weeks I did not only have lots of physical pain but got also lots of bad words and viruses ‘thrown into my face’ by several writers who call themselves Christian. In a way they did not heart me psychologically, though some things may hit hard. I do know better, not being a hater of God and not being a hater of Jesus, though they might think and say that. (see previous posting: Looking for Free Blogs and blogging)

To proof that I am a Jesus lover and that I love God even so much that I also spend lots of time to Him and for Him, I used lots of time to create and place texts on three new websites.

Many people may be in Lent and have a time to contemplate. I often use time to think about life, reasons why and about the essential characters in my and others their life. Often enough I have been to trials, had to face horrible things and fight to stay alive and kicking well. Probably I also had enough years to wonder about and to get some decent  answers to my quest.

Living in this world I can also enjoy the elements of worldly life, but do know that the spiritual elements are much more important. Being restricted in time we do have to make choices in life, and for me, the last few weeks I spend no time at my own ideas and this website, but took time for my ecclesia and for the creation of the three websites I got left over of the tryouts of blogsystems and webfacilities.

At last three sites seem to get form and I do hope will be interesting to continue to bring more people to understand who Jesus is,what he means for the world and Who his heavenly Father is and What that Spirit means for us all as well.

I took enough time the last few weeks to start showing that:

Jesus is a historical figure which brought a big change in cultural and religious society.

With the new websites I want to show the world how important it is what that man from Nazareth did. He not only endured the betrayal of Judas, the denials of Peter, the abandonment by the other disciples, our betrayal, our denials and our abandonment.

Too many people in Christendom have made a charade of him and his heavenly Father; they made him a cruel god; though this man was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification. (Romans 4:25)

Not enough people are seeing that Jesus came to fulfil his heavenly Father’s perfect will. Also they do not see that this heavenly Father, like His son, wants everyone to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. (1 Timothy 2:3-4)

God cannot die and does not tell lies. Jesus was tempted many times, could sin but did not because he wanted not to do his own will but only the Will of God. In case he is God this would make him to do his own will naturally.

In my faith that Jesus really died, and did not fake his death, I also believe that his heavenly Father wanted to accept His son as a Lamb or ransom offering for the sins of every one, Judas, you and me.

“For God loved the world in this way: He gave His One and Only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish but have eternal life. (John 3:16 HCSB)

There is hope for everyone and therefore I do think it is important to share my hope with others. Normally every Christian should share the same hope and go out in the world, telling the Good News. Though we do not see many people witnessing in the Name of God. The Jehovah Witnesses seem to be the greatest exception.

For those who wonder what my believes are, or want to see a statement of faith, and why I would love to see more people to come to live in the city of Christ they can find out more about: Christadelphian, Christadelphia and Christadelphos and who they are and what and why they are called Brothers in Christ.

Because I also do believe the importance of getting to know the son of God and how he can bring peace in the world I spend and shall spend more time on those websites telling that Good News of the coming Kingdom of God and to open the books on that man from Nazareth,which I do believe is the Messiah, about whom is testified:

And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. The one who has the Son has life. The one who doesn’t have the Son of God does not have life. I have written these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life. (1 John 5:11-13 HCSB)

Many more people should become more conscious of the reality of Jesus, who he is, what he has done and how he is still being among us and now mediating for us by the Creator of everything.

May I invite you to come and have a look at the three sites. In case you are willing to help me with advice, you are also welcome to give your remarks or offering me texts.

You may find the new sites on the net with the names:

Messiah for all     +     C4U     +     C4All

 

M4A - Messiah For All -Marcus Ampe's place to introduce Jesus Christ to those who would like to know more about this Biblical figure

M4A – Messiah For All -Marcus Ampe’s place to introduce Jesus Christ to those who would like to know more about this Biblical figure

C4U = Christ For You and Christadelphians For You

C4U = Christ For You and Christadelphians For You

C4All = Christ For All - a site tying to show the reason of importance of the Nazarene Jeshua or Jesus Christ, the Messiah, the Saviour for all

C4All = Christ For All – a site tying to show the reason of importance of the Nazarene Jeshua or Jesus Christ, the Messiah, the Saviour for all

Not much was published on this site, but as you will be able to see at the other sites, I did not sit still. Some articles to find already on those new sites:

  1. Genesis 1 story does not take away an evolution
  2. Background to look at things
  3. Are people allowed to have doubts
  4. From waste and void coming into being by God’s Word
  5. Something from nothing
  6. The very very beginning 1 Creating Gods
  7. The very very beginning 2 The Word and words
  8. How Many Persons Created the Heavens and the Earth?
  9. Genesis 1:26 God said “Let us make”.
  10. Abiding to glorify God
  11. Abiding Christ
  12. Your own choice and security
  13. Jesus Christ waiting for an invitation
  14. Let yourself be sanctified
  15. Vision and mission by the Word of God
  16. Connecting Christians
  17. Finishing The Task

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Additional reading:

  1. A world in denial
  2. Evangelisation, local preaching opposite overseas evangelism
  3. Those who love Jesus
  4. Looking for Free Blogs and blogging
  5. Three new sites to discover the real Jesus
  6. Looking for a shepherd for the sheep and goats
  7. Illuminating our minds and watching out
  8. Wanting to live in Christ’s city
  9. “I Die Daily”
  10. A Living Faith #12 The Love for Jesus
  11. Faith, hope and love abide
  12. Those who fear him
  13. When Jesus saw their faith

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  • Divine Things or Human Things — Lectionary Reflection for Lent 2B (bobcornwall.com)
    I enjoy the blessings of middle class American life. I have a nice house in suburbia. I have a job (ministry) that pays fairly well (not high end, but I do okay).  It is nice to have this lifestyle affirmed by my religion. I am quite inclined to save my life, rather than lose it. I much prefer a “theology of glory” over a “theology of the cross.” I like a Jesus who is meek and mild and doesn’t require too much sacrifice.  If we’re honest, most of us living in middle class suburbia would agree.  Preaching a message of sacrificial discipleship doesn’t go very far. We may be inclined to let Jesus spend some time on a cross, as long as we’re assured that it really didn’t hurt, and that it won’t require anything of us.  That is, as long as Jesus is our substitute then all is well.
  • Our view: Need something to give up? We have ideas that will make Midland better (mrt.com)
    Lent, according to christianity.about.com, is the Christian season of preparation before Easter. Ash Wednesday marked the first day of Lent, which is the 40 days leading up to Easter (Sundays are not included in the count).

    Lent, the website continues, is a time when many Christians prepare for Easter by observing a period of fasting, repentance, moderation and spiritual discipline. The purpose is to set aside time for reflection on Jesus Christ — his suffering and his sacrifice, his life, death, burial and resurrection.

  • Fasting from Facebook for Lent 2015 (jimerwin.com)
  • Fact or fiction: Pontius Pilate as Jesus’ defense attorney (dailyminyan.com) > Originally posted on Daily Minyan
    The New Testament presents the Jewish leaders and the Jewish people as a bloodthirsty mob out to get Jesus, mercilessly calling for his blood, without any regard for justice. This is the lens through which Christendom would come to view the whole of Jewish people for the next two thousand years. At the same time, the ruthless murderer Roman procurator of Judea Pontius Pilate, a man who would often slaughter people indiscriminately and without trial, a foreign ruler who crucified hundreds if not thousands of Jews and Samaritans under his charge, is portrayed as going out of his way to spare Jesus’ life. He is even shown as almost pleading and trying to reason with Jews in Jesus’ defense, acting not as a vicious executioner who hated Jews with every fiber of his being, but as a defense attorney for a Jewish messianic candidate.
    +

  • The Poetry of Lent (bpdt.wordpress.com)
    The Poetry of Lent is a series of seven reflections that will appear on the Eds and Ips Diocesan website from Ash Wednesday as part of the Living Faith in Suffolk resources. They are based on the story of Lazarus, Martha and Mary in John 11, and explore the way it weaves together themes of vulnerability, disappointment, absence, grief and hope. You’ll find them at www.cofesuffolk.org/go/livingfaith.
  • Flaky Fluff (hiwaychristian.wordpress.com)
    our inner child.  No, thats your sinful nature.  It’s not innocent or childlike.

    Confess Jesus as your Savior.  Yes, but now go lead a life of repentance.  “You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.  (Matthew 5:48)

  • Suffering (fastpray.wordpress.com)
    On Mondays at lunch, we fast and pray – for men to become godly leaders in the church and in establishing families; for soft hearts that are responsive to the Lord; and for strong, Christ-centered marriages for those who desire them.
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