Apartheid or Apartness #5 Spiral of violence and destruction or of reconciliation and peace

What happened before:  #4 Hangover of Church

9. On the way to peace

World Council of Churches

World Council of Churches - Image via Wikipedia

The World Council of Churches‘ 9th Assembly (Porto Alegre, Brazil, February 2006) called for “a process of wide consultation to be undertaken toward developing an ecumenical declaration on “just peace” and to work for an inversing of the spiral of violence. It was not bad that they decided to tell their stories of failure and success, and listening to examples of good practice, equipping themselves with creative and effective tools for preventing and overcoming violence, and promoting peace and justice.

The “Living Letters” small ecumenical teams within the World Council of Churches went around South-Africa with a team consisting of 4 – 6 women and men from around the world who have witnessed violence in its various forms and are engaged in working for just peace. They wanted to demonstrate solidarity among churches and people who live in the context of and respond to particularly painful experiences of violence, sharing insights and helpful approaches in overcoming violence, deepening ecumenical contacts among the churches, national councils of churches and related organisations and networks, and connecting congregations, student and youth groups, theological and other church-related institutions in the search for an Ecumenical Declaration of Just Peace.

Spiral of Violence and Destruction - Spiraal van Geweld en Vernietiging

10. A spiral to choose

South Africa racial map, 1979

Map showing the territorial four main races/ethnicities/colors of South Africa in 1979: Whites, Coloureds, Blacks and Indians. The gray areas indicate the Apartheid-era Bantustans, which are almost exclusively black. This map is a photoshopped version of the CIA-made original map

It was South Africa that inspired the WCC programme which gave birth to The Decade to Overcome Violence (DOV). Those DOV – Churches Seeking Reconciliation and Peace 2001 – 2010 was an initiative of the World Council of Churches. This global movement that strives to strengthen existing efforts and networks for overcoming violence, as well as inspire the creation of new ones, had to face the white and black population of South-Africa who had to find a new way to live with what happened the previous years with the Apartheid regime.

Spiral of Reconcilliation and Life - Spiraal van Verzoening en Leven

Though the church idea seemed not to touch the civic idea, where more people grew away from belief in God and Christian faith. For many it was difficult to see that the Spiral of Violence is also the Spiral of Destruction and that South Africa urgently needs a Spiral of Reconciliation so that they can grow in a Spiral of Life.

Apartheid-era South African security police commander Eugene de Kock, jailed for his role in killing anti-apartheid activists, said ex-President FW de Klerk knew of gross human rights violations during his term of office, though Mr De Klerk said that his conscience was clear.

Eugene de Kock, nicknamed "Prime Evil", during an amnesty hearing of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Pretoria.

Talking from his prison cell to a radio station, Eugene de Kock said the ex-president’s hands were “soaked in blood”. He also claimed he could list exact instances where the country’s last white president gave the order for specific killings.

De Kock was nicknamed “Prime Evil” for his role in ordering the killing and maiming of dozens of anti-apartheid activists, often using very cruel methods. He is serving two life sentences in a maximum-security prison in Pretoria.

But there has for a long time been speculation about Mr de Klerk’s knowledge of human rights violations during his term of office he said he never himself approved murder or the random killing of anybody, or gross violations of human rights.


To be continued: Apartheid Anno 2012


  1. I forgave apartheid’s chief killer
    It was his own men who nicknamed him Prime Evil. “Bad he was, but mad he wasn’t, not at all. He had a sense of drivenness. He was looked up to by the entire country as a fixer, he was the kingpin in the machinery of destruction,” says Gobodo-Madikizela.
    In 1995, a year after democratic elections brought the African National Congress to power, he went on trial and a horrified public learnt all the gory details. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission granted him an amnesty for some crimes in return for testimony, but that did not affect the court’s prison sentence and De Kock, it was assumed, was gone for good.
    The line between good and evil is thinner than we think, she says, which is one of the reasons forgiveness is so valuable. Rather than overlooking a wrong, it rises above it and can empower the victim. “Just at the moment the perpetrator begins to show remorse . . . the victim becomes the gatekeeper to what the outcast desires – re-admission into the human community.”
    Forgiveness can sometimes humiliate the victim, she says, citing Winnie Madikizela-Mandela hugging the mother of a 14-year-old boy she denied killing, but in the right circumstances it eases victims’ resentment and pain.
    Having pardoned several apartheid-era killers, she believes President Thabo Mbeki should also pardon De Kock. The irony is that Gobodo-Madikizela cannot forgive Mbeki for his foot-dragging on the HIV/Aids pandemic, which kills 600 South Africans daily.
  2. Were we at WAR in 1993 Free Eugene De Kock
    As an APLA operative my general instruction from APLA high command was to proceed with the armed struggle with all means against the then racist minority regime, which was undemocratic and oppressive. The said armed struggle was in essence a guerilla warfare during which we as APLA cadres had to seek and attack the bastions and minions of the then aforesaid regime.
  3. Responses to Petition to free Eugene De Kock
    Kol. E. De Kock het gedoen in wat hy geglo het, dit naamlik ‘n lid van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie te wees om vir God, volk en vaderland die stryd teen wat nou in ons land aangaan te probber keer.
    M J THOM Says: January 30, 2010 at 1:05 am | Reply:  Of course DE KOCK’S past management want him to remain in prison till hell freezes over. The truth he spoke had them cowering in fear ~ as a free man the media will dig out names of past instructors invovment that they thought buried under more than a mileniums jailtime. Vlakplaas wasn’t de Kock’s shop dammit but belonged to the then government ‘kaart & transport’. He and fellow footsolders spent a lifetime waging a war under instrution of these fatcats that like the golden rocks they are hiding under thank u very much, ok!
  4. Eugene de Kock & the Political and Religious “Truth and Reconcilation” Nobel Peace Prize Prostitution Show…
    the Truth and Reconciliation was not sincere, by the individuals who set it up, or who profess to be “TRC/Proudly South African.
    “A SADF soldier, named Eugene de Kock – the most honest man in Africa, in my personal opinion – is in prison for 212 years, for telling the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, about his POLITICALLY MOTIVATED CRIMINAL ACTS during apartheid; to the ‘Truth (sic) and Reconciliation’ (sic) Commission; while his political superior, runs around the world with a Nobel Peace Prize Medal, and — it appears — a morally bankrupt conscience!”
    State of Effective Emergency: South Africa’s Unrepresented White Refugees: The Tyranny, Disorder, Crime and Corruption of the State, has effectively resulted in a state of anarchy, where fundamental rights of due process, natural law, administrative law, safety and security, etc have been effectively intentionally, deliberately and maliciously suspended, as a result of corruption, incompetence and indifference. South Africa is heading towards a socio-economic, political and military failed state of Zimbabwefication.
  5. South Africans reconciled?
    One of the Truth commissioners, Dr Faizal Randera said: “If we cannot understand what made people think and do what they did these conflicts will arise again within our society.”
    Many black South Africans have been left feeling that apologies are not enough.Many are angry that the perpetrators of human rights abuse under South Africa’s last white government can be granted amnesty if they make a full confession of their crimes.It has been an unprecedented experiment in trying to heal the wounds of the apartheid era, but after more than two years of hearings and investigations some people are asking how much reconciliation has been achieved by exposure of dark truth from South Africa’s dark past.
  6. DA: Eugene de Kock must stay behind bars
    “The notion that a De Kock pardon could somehow be used as a trade-off for a Shaik pardon would confirm the moral decay within the ANC government as it would undermine the rule of law, sending out the message that even a prisoner who has been convicted of heinous crimes can be released from prison as a political bargaining chip.”
    It is also not in the best interests of the public, Selfe said. “Releasing De Kock could never be in the public interest. Instead, it could only serve to open old sores, and insult ordinary South Africans who believe that killers must stay in jail, where they belong.”
  7. Eugene de Kock ‘looking for a presidential pardon’
    Hundreds of prisoners convicted of crimes during the apartheid years, including members of black resistance groups, have already applied for official pardons by President Zuma. He indicated recently that he hoped to clear the backlog by the middle of this year. Few would be surprised if de Kock’s name was among those permitted to walk free.
  8. Col Eugene de Kock is walking in two weeks’ time….
    Gobodo-Madikizela says, “I do not think that De Kock is a psychopath. For one thing, he showed real remorse.”As she writes in A Human Being Died That Night : “I looked at De Kock, searching deep within his eyes, reading between the lines for signs of evil, of malice. His eyes were filled with suffering. I felt nothing but pity, the kind one feels when a friend is in pain.”


  • Apartheid or Apartness #3 Opposition and Escalation (marcusampe.wordpress.com)
  • 100 years old ANC having to face a new challenge of free people (marcusampe.wordpress.com)
  • ANC-regime wants to wipe every presence of Afrikaans from the SA map #2 Not wanted and Responsibility (marcusampe.wordpress.com)
  • On This Date: November 6th (bloggoschloggo.wordpress.com)
    In 1996, the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), established by the new government, began an investigation into the violence and human rights violations that took place under the apartheid system between 1960 and May 10, 1994 (the day Mandela was sworn in as president). The commission’s objective was not to punish people but to heal South Africa by dealing with its past in an open manner. People who committed crimes were allowed to confess and apply for amnesty.
  • Why we shouldn’t be quick to dismiss faith organisations (liberalconspiracy.org)
    All around the world, we can see different denominations working progressively on a range of issues. Just think of The Salvation Army offering support to the homeless, the Quakers campaigning for peace or the Catholic Church fighting global poverty.At this point, the sceptics out there will point to Christianity being used to discriminate against entire communities (LGBT for example) or the Catholic Church and their opposition to contraception. Religion, in the mind of many is the bringer of war, the perpetuator of hatred and an opium for the ill informed masses.
  • Being missionary, being human – book review (khanya.wordpress.com)
    The missiology department at Unisa, like many others, has taught the history of Christian mission from the perspective of “the Constantinian Era”. I have my doubts about that, and think that is a simplistic judgement (see Notes from underground: St Constantine, Scapegoat of the West), but given its widespread acceptance, one could say that in the 1970s in Namibia, the Dutch Reformed Church was in the Constantinian Era, while at the same time, in the same country, other denominations, and especially the Anglican Church, were in the pre-Constantinian Era, the era of persecution, of government obstruction.The Dutch Reformed mission in the Kaokoveld enjoyed government favour, and the government tried to smooth its path. In Windhoek a Dutch Reformed minister hosted a pastor from Romania, Richard Wurmbrand, who told of the difficulties of Christians in far-away Romania, while Christians in Namibia were facing the very same difficulties at that very time — see Notes from underground: The martyrs of Epinga.

About Marcus Ampe

Retired dancer, choreographer, choreologist Founder of the Dance impresario office and archive: Danscontact-Dansarchief plus the Association for Bible scholars, the Lifestyle magazines "Stepping Toes" and "From Guestwriters" and creator of the site "Messiah for all". - Gepensioneerd danser, choreograaf, choreoloog. Stichter van Danscontact-Dansarchief plus van de Vereniging voor Bijbelvorsers, de Lifestyle magazines "Stepping Toes" en "From Guestwriters" en maker van de site "Messiah for all".
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3 Responses to Apartheid or Apartness #5 Spiral of violence and destruction or of reconciliation and peace

  1. Pingback: Apartheid of rassenverschil systeem #5 Staatsopdrachten en Spiralen van Geweld tegenover Spiralen van Vrede | Marcus' s Space

  2. Pingback: Apartheid or Apartness #6 Anno 2012 | Marcus' s Space

  3. Pingback: Migrants to the West #9 Where they came from | Marcus' s Space

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