Turkey anno 2002 #2 Antalya and Side inside out

Antalya, Turkey.

Antalya, Turkey. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

With it 378,726 citizens in 1990 Antalya looked a vibrant city were I was very well treated in a very modern hospital, though I had paid for an all in hotel only my wife and son could stay there while I was bounced the first week to the care of doctors and nurses and afterwards had a few weeks only allowed to have rice water and not much food, so having all the niceties passing my eyes.

Attaleia or Attalia, later also knows as Adalia was founded in the 2d century BCE by Attalus II, king of Pergamum to locate ‘Heaven on Earth’. They found this glorious stretch of coast with deep-blue sea under spectacular cliffs backed by the Taurus Mountains ideal. The well-pleased monarch founded the forerunner to Antalya. Christians know it from the Acts 14.25 as the port from which Paul and Barnabas sailed to Antioch. Above the marina – on the site of the old Roman port the old centre of Antalya, Kaleici brings a pleasant area with red-roofed Turkish and Greek houses, threaded by narrow cobbled streets. Luckily it is not ruined by the many restaurants and small hotels and shops where they men stand outdoors to call you in.

Konyaalti street, Antalya, Turkey.

Konyaalti street, Antalya, Turkey. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Top photo subjects are here too the ancient witnesses, like the Roman triumphal arch commemorating the visit by Hadrian along with the 13th Century Yivli Minaret and the originally Roman Clock Tower. You also might take in some sightseeing from the tram which runs up and down the seafront to the city’s main beach at Konyaalti, and the Antalya Museum, packed with wonders from the region’s Roman and Greek sites.

Antalya with clock tower -2002

Antalya with clock tower -2002

The city passed under the control of the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century and in the 15th century was annexed by the Ottoman Empire.

Situated on a steep cliff, Antalya is a picturesque city surrounded by many ancient ruins; there is a notable archaeological museum. With its airport it is a gateway for South Turkey’s coastal resorts.

Besides the summer crowd, more people are buying second homes or retiring in Antalya, which has helped boost the population from about 600,000 in 2002 to an estimated 790,000. Summer visitors bring the population to 2 million – and in 2008 nine million tourists descended already on Antalya to make the most of a 35-mile stretch of beach that includes the classical site of Side and Belek, a burgeoning golf resort.

The 21st century has witnessed crucial alterations in terms of economic structure, growth strategies and global problems. New economics featuring knowledge based sectors faces some crucial social, economic and environmental problems with the effect of population increase, aging, changes in disease structures, increase in the demand of natural resources (Tepav, 2012).

Recently, there have occurred many progresses in the health sector in Antalya. There are international biomedical companies mostly situated in Antalya Free Trade Zone. High agricultural production also enables biotechnology clusters to be formed. Besides the existence of West Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute, Akdeniz University Research Centre for Agricultural Biotechnology and Suleyman Demirel University Biological Control Research and Application Centre would support the formation of biotechnology cluster. {Significance of Biotechnology Clusters in Terms of Sustainable Development and Clustering Proposal for Antalya Province, Turkey}

English: Antalya, Turkey, foggy morning

A danger facing every popular area is the ‘building up to the stars’ -Antalya, Turkey, foggy morning (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It was the time that “housesharing” was in so some handy persons tried to lure people to buy a houseshare so that they could every year be sure to find a place waiting in the sun. In 2009 the Bank of America said that Turkish property offered a ‘safe haven’ during these difficult times. Turkey looked set to be one of the property success stories, were I could find many of my acquaintances having found their holiday home.

Because the southern coast also has great international appeal, buyers are not so reliant on the British market — as has proved so disastrous on the Costas — for rental or re-sale.{Talking Turkey; from Istanbul to Golf Getaways in Antalya, the Prospects Are Sunny, Says Mark Hughes-Morgan}

Antalya 2002 port CCI18112014_0003

Port of Antalya 2002

An other ancient Greek city on the southern Mediterranean coast of Turkey, which attracted a lot of buyers is the resort town and one of the best-known classical sites in the country Side. It lies near Manavgat and the village of Selimiye, 78 km from Antalya) in the province of Antalya. Located on the eastern part of the Pamphylian coast, which lies about 20 km east of the mouth of the Eurymedon River, the ancient city is situated on a small north-south peninsula about 1 km long and 400 m across.

Side 2002 from the air CCI18112014

Postcard view from the air of Side – 2002

Most likely in the 7th century bCE Side was founded by Greek settlers from Cyme in Aeolis, a region of western Anatolia. It was the most important port of ancient Pamphylia, originally situated on the Mediterranean Sea coast; it now lies inland. Though it was founded by Aeolian Greeks, a peculiar non-Greek language was spoken there. Alexander the Great occupied it (333 bCE).

Side – Vespasian Gate – Photo Ingo Mehling 2012

Antiochus III the Seleucid king and the 6th ruler of the Seleucid Empire, ruled over the region of Syria and large parts of the rest of western Asia towards the end of the 3rd century bCE. In 191 bCE, however, the Romans under Manius Acilius Glabrio routed him at Thermopylae, forcing him to withdraw to Asia Minor. The Romans followed up their success by invading Anatolia, and the decisive victory of Scipio Asiaticus at Magnesia ad Sipylum (190 bCE), following the defeat of Hannibal at sea off Side, delivered Asia Minor into their hands.

In the 1st century bCE, Cilician pirates made Side their chief slave market. The ruins include the remains of a colossal theatre, built on arches and considered one of the finest in Anatolia.

The consul Servilius Vatia defeated these brigands in 78 BC and later the Roman general Pompey in 67 BC, bringing Side under the control of Rome and beginning its second period of ascendancy, when it established and maintained a good working relationship with the Roman Empire. {“Side – History of the City”}

Wonders of antiquity in Side - 2002

Wonders of antiquity in Side – 2002

We entered the site from among the well preserved city walls and through the main gate of the ancient city. It is said that the modern road follows exactly the course of the ancient avenue, although the marble columns that were once used do not exist any-more. A few broken stubs can be seen near the old Roman baths. Two avenues of the Corinthian style can still be found with at the left side the remains of a Byzantine Basilica.
The remains of a public bath have been restored and now serve as the Museum. This building is situated before the agora, on the right side of the street. At the Museum, Roman period statues and sarcophagi are on display and very nice duplicates of statues can be bought.
The remains of the agora can be seen on the left side. This was also the place where pirates sold slaves.

File:Side TH au.JPG

Walls of the ancient theatre of Side – Photo KaHe 2006

Behind the agora you shall find the theatre with 2° Century remains of a monumental gate and a restored fountain at the entrance. The skene of the 15,000 people seating capacity theatre is in a bad state. It was also used in the late Roman period for gladiator fights and in the 5-6°century CE is also was used as an open air church, close to the Temple of Dionysus of the early Roman period.

The colonnaded avenue used to extend up to the harbour. This part of the avenue is now beneath the present town of Side. Near the harbour there are two temples side by side. One of these has been dedicated to Apollo and the other to Artemis. 6 columns of the Apollo Temple have been restored and re-erected. In front of the temples was a Byzantine Basilica.

Detail of temple in Side  - 2002

Detail of temple in Side – 2002

Lots of people coming to visit these sites did find their hotel in Alanya, the last major resort on the Turkish riviera which reaches by a scenic road turning north toward the Taurus Mountains (Toros Dağları) which divides the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau and Konya through banana plantations. Alanya’s pride is its sandy beaches and the great fortress that crowns it.

Taurus Mountains, Mr Marcus Ampe & Mrs Marjolein Pronk in Anatolya province 2002

Taurus Mountains, Marcus Ampe & Marjolein Pronk in Anatolya province 2002

Familie Ampe-Pronk In het Taurus gebergte - Taurus Mountains 2002

Family Ampe-Pronk- Anatolya Taurus Mountains 2002

When in the region you must also go to visit the spectacular Kurunlu waterfall, a haven for more than 100 bird species who dart around this natural wonder. The hidden cave at the back of the waterfall is a popular place for tourists. .

Revisiting Turkey we saw the many progressive changes for the good but also a lot of changes going back in time, having again more women totally covered and diminished in the street-view. It also showed that it was still too poor, and will cost the rest of the EU too much.

At Istanbul Park in Istanbul, Turkey the first Formula One race to take place in Turkey got the press while Turkey was not willing to open its ports and airports to traffic from EU member Cyprus. Turkey says it will not do this until the EU takes steps to end the Turkish Cypriot community’s economic isolation. The EU also says that Turkey’s efforts to bring its laws into line with European standards have slowed down. It has especially called on Turkey to repeal a law which it says undermines freedom of speech.
EU officials talked about possible Turkish membership in 10 to 15 years and European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso used the phrase “15 to 20 years”.

Some EU states are keen to ensure that Turkey does not feel that the door is being slammed in its face, and that membership remains a real possibility in future.

Other member states have always been rather cool about the idea of Turkish membership.

In Turkey, there was some impatience with the EU’s demands for reform, and fear that its insistence on minority rights for the Kurds would cause the country to break up. Several Turks would loved to see their country in the EU and being able to travel around freely. Membership of the EU’s single market is a big incentive, as well as the freedom to travel or work in other countries, without applying for a visa.
The European Commission published a progress report in 2004, which gave Turkey the thumbs up. Then, in December 2004, the 25 EU leaders said the talks should begin on 3 October 2005.

This deadline was met, just about, when the foreign ministers of all 25 EU states reached a last-minute agreement on a text setting a framework for the negotiations on the evening of 3 October.

Ten years later its seems we are even further off of having a commitment of trade unifications and of closer European Union co-operation, let stand unification with Europe.

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Preceding articles:

Turkey inbetween two visits

Turkey a wolf in the sheep house of the European Union

Turkey anno 2002 #1 Aspendos

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Additional literature:

  1. Talking Turkey; from Istanbul to Golf Getaways in Antalya, the Prospects Are Sunny, Says Mark Hughes-Morgan
  2. Antalya, seen by The Mail on Sunday (London, England) , March 19, 2006  
  3. 6 Things You Must Do in. Antalya
  4. Antalya; 6 Things You Must Do In
  5. Antalya, Land of the A- Listers Where You Can Still Pick Up a Flat for [Pounds Sterling]35,000; Tycoon Creates a Property Boom in Turkey’s Budget Resort
  6. Blinded by the Whites; Jo Fernandez Checks out Antalya’s Hip Hillside Su Hotel as It Gears Up for This Month’s SunSplash Music Festival
  7. Significance of Biotechnology Clusters in Terms of Sustainable Development and Clustering Proposal for Antalya Province, Turkey
  8. Turkish Tee; Neil McLeman Tests the Course for Antalya’s PS4.4m Golf Tournament

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  • from wikipedia: Defeat and dissolution (1908 – 1922) of the ottoman empire (euzicasa.wordpress.com)
    the treaty ultimately led to the Turkish War of Independence, when a new treaty, the treaty of Lausanne was accepted by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and Turkish nationalists, and which effectively brought into being the modern day republic of Turkey.
  • Upcoming Travels: Backpacking to Turkey and Iran (beontheroad.com)
    The time has come for me to indulge in two of the oldest empires of the Middle East and two very beautiful countries (I haven’t been there as yet, but am saying this based on what I see, read and hear). This will be my first trip to Turkey and Iran and I plan to stay for roughly one month in each country. The idea is to stretch my visa as much as possible. The initial plan was to take the Trans-Asia express train from Ankara to Tehran, but because of unrest at the border, I have decided to fly this time around.
  • Ottoman embroideries, culture spellbind audience (nation.com.pk)
    Renowned Turkish archaeologist Alper Yurdemi delivered a lecture on Ottoman embroideries and culture here at Pakistan National Museum of Ethnology (Heritage Museum) on Monday.
    The lecture titled “Ottoman Embroideries: Meeting Point of Ottoman Palace and Popular Culture” was organised by the embassy of the Republic of Turkey.
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    The audience was left spellbound when they came to know that he has been collecting Turkish handicrafts since the age of 8. At present, he has around 9,000 items in 17 separate collections, including 1300 items of Ottoman Embroideries which is the largest collection in Ankara.
  • The Ottoman Spring (grumpyelder.com)
    What became known as the Young Turk Revolution brought euphoria and optimism to the multi-ethnic, multi-religious populations of the Ottoman Empire, who were enticed by the CUP with the promise, rooted in the rhetoric of the French Revolution, of ‘Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.’
  • About Events – Turkish Fashion Show held in the Tbilisi History Museum (georgiaabout.com)
    Georgia hosted a month-long Days of Turkish Culture festival in October, celebrating all things Turkish as a way to celebrate and promote its close cultural ties with its neighboring nation. The festival opened with a fashion show at the Tbilisi History Museum featuring clothes belonging to the Ottoman Period.
  • Party Planner: Turkish Dinner Party (williams-sonoma.com)
    This weekend, treat friends to a feast that offers a deliciously modern take on traditional dishes. Our menu features recipes from author Rebecca Seal’s new cookbook, Istanbul, inspired by her travels to the diverse city. Set a table with colorful dinnerware and embroidered linens, and pull off a bold, unforgettable dinner party.
  • Wed 11/12 (mccleskeyms.typepad.com)
    Watch the Ottoman Empire demonstration then complete the Ottoman Empire: Breaking Up is Hard questions
  • They Look Like Scenes from Fantasy Movies, But These 20 Images Showcase Romania (techeblog.com)
    Bucharest, is the sixth largest city in the European Union. Romania emerged within the territories of former Roman Empire province Dacia as the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia formed in a 1859 personal union. It gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877, and at the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. Continue reading for more pictures.

About Marcus Ampe

Retired dancer, choreographer, choreologist Founder of the Dance impresario office and archive: Danscontact-Dansarchief plus the Association for Bible scholars, the Lifestyle magazines "Stepping Toes" and "From Guestwriters" and creator of the site "Messiah for all". - Gepensioneerd danser, choreograaf, choreoloog. Stichter van Danscontact-Dansarchief plus van de Vereniging voor Bijbelvorsers, de Lifestyle magazines "Stepping Toes" en "From Guestwriters" en maker van de site "Messiah for all".
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