Zwarte bladzijde: Auschwitz Konzentrationslager
70 jaar bevrijding – Herdenking Auschwitz • NPO 1 ‘15.00
Andere tijden • NPO 2 • 21.20 Night will fall • NPO 2 • 23.00:
Op 27 januari 1945, vandaag precies 70 jaar geleden, werd het concentratiekamp van Auschwitz-Birkenau bevrijd door het Russische leger. Meer dan een miljoen mensen werden er tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog vermoord door de nazi’s. NPO 1 brengt vanaf 15u een liveverslag van de herdenkingsplechtigheid in het voormalige kamp, die bijgewoond wordt door staatsleiders
Uit heel Europa. Om 21u20 volgt Andere op NPO 2 nabestaanden van slachtoffers tijdens hun bezoek aan Auschwitz.
Op 27 januari is het zeventig jaar geleden dat Auschwitz werd bevrijd. Tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog werden in dit concentratiekamp meer dan een miljoen mensen vermoord onder wie ruim 60.000 Nederlanders. Zeventig jaar later betreedt nog steeds niemand het terrein van het voormalige vernietigingskamp zonder een vuistslag van de geschiedenis te ervaren. Voor sommige bezoekers is de plek nog extra beladen omdat voorouders of familie er is omgekomen. Steeds vaker bezoeken tweede of derde generatie oorlogsslachtoffers het kamp om met eigen ogen te zien welke gaten deze plek in hun familiegeschiedenis heeft geslagen. Andere Tijden, dinsdag 27 jan. 21.20 uur NPO2. (Herhaling zaterdag 31 januari 10.05 uur.)
Op BBC2 wordt er om 7pm Engelse tijd (20.00u Belgische tijd) en verslag gegeven van de herdenking van de bevrijding van het kamp. Om 22.00 (9pm local time) wordt er een documentaire gegeven van Laurence Rees waarin zes overlevenden van Auschwitz hun verhaal vertellen.
Om 23u00 staat Night Will Fail geprogrammeerd bij NPO2, een nooit eerder vertoonde oorlogsdocumentaire die topregisseur Alfred Hitchcock in 1945samen met producer Sidney Bernstein maakte over de Duitse concentratiekampen Ze gebruikten daarvoor beelden gefilmd door Britse soldaten tijdens de bevrijding van het concentratiekamp van Bergen-Belsen.
Engelse versie / English version: Black page 70 years Release – commemoration Auschwitz
Vindt ook om te lezen / Please also find to read: January 27 – 70 years ago Not an end yet to genocide
- Hitchcock’s film of Nazi concentration camp Belsen aired for first time in 70 years (ibtimes.co.uk)
A film documentary about the liberation of Belsen, the Nazi concentration camp directed by Alfred Hitchcock is to be broadcast on British television.
The movie, called German Concentration Camps Factual Survey, was Hitchcock’s only documentary. He was better known for psychological thrillers that he made in Hollywood such as The Birds and Rear Window.
Scenes from the film will be shown on 24 January, before Holocaust Memorial Day on 27 January. The movie itself will be shown around the world from April.
- Night Will Fall (freepresshouston.com)
Night Will Fall, premiering tonight on HBO, is a comprehensive look at that documentary footage, intercut with archival interviews as well as new interviews with participants and survivors. Up to that point no war had been photographed to such an extent. Previous WWII docs have shown similar horrific newsreels. Under the direction of Andre Singer, Night Will Fall takes the viewer on a camp-by-camp tour while also presenting the mindset of the soldiers who were capturing the events on film. Singer, not surprisingly, has also executive produced films like Joshua Oppenheimer’s The Act of Killing, a film that looked unsparingly at Indonesian death squads from the 1960s.
- The Holocaust film that was too shocking to show (theguardian.com)
“In the spring of 1945,” says the narrator, over bucolic springtime shots of the German countryside, “the allies advancing into the heart of Germany came to Bergen-Belsen. Neat and tidy orchards, well-stocked farms lined the wayside, and the British soldier did not fail to admire the place and its inhabitants. At least, until he began to feel a smell …”So begins a British film about the Holocaust that was abandoned and shelved for 70 years because it was deemed too politically sensitive. The smell came from the dead, their bodies burned or rotting; or from malnourished, often disease-ridden prisoners in the concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen, near all those thriving German farms.
- Forgotten Alfred Hitchcock Holocaust Documentary Gets New Life (time.com)
A new documentary, Night Will Fall, tells the story of how the footage came to be, and what happened to it. In the exclusive clip above, some of that footage is shown and Branko Lustig — an award-winning film producer who was in Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen as a child — describes what it was like to be there. Though the clip shows mostly recovering patients after the liberation, Night Will Fall also includes terrifying and uncensored video from the camps, images that, as is appropriate for Holocaust Memorial Day, no viewer is likely to be able to forget.
- hitchcock’s only known documentary (tingilinde.typepad.com)
Two women drag an emaciated female corpse along the ground, its head bouncing on the dirt. When they reach a large pit, they stop, give the naked body a quick tug backward to pick up momentum, then hurl it into the hole. The corpse, which looks like a skeleton covered in a thin film of skin, flops onto a mound of decomposing bodies.The scene, shot at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp at the end of World War II, might never have been seen by the public had a decommissioned film, boasting Alfred Hitchcock as a supervising director and British film pioneer Sidney Bernstein as producer, not been resurrected. Authorized in the spring of 1945 by the Allied forces, German Concentration Camps Factual Survey captured the monstrous realities found during the liberation of Nazi death camps, including Bergen-Belsen, Dachau and Auschwitz.
- The Forgotten Documentary Capturing The Liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps (wnyc.org)
In 1945, Britain’s army film unit created a documentary about the liberation of the Nazi concentration camps, and it captured horrific footage from the liberation of Belsen, Dachau, Auschwitz and elsewhere. Sidney Bernstein, British film pioneer, masterminded the film, enlisting high profile collaborators including Alfred Hitchcock and Richard Crossman. But six months after the film had been green-lit, the British and American governments withdrew support for the film and it was consigned, incomplete, to the archives of the Imperial War Museum. The documentary “Night Will Fall” tell the story of this film. Producer Sally Angel will be on the show with Jane Wells, executive director of 3Generations and daughter of Sidney Bernstein.
- Night Will Fall review: Concentration camp scenes extraordinarily difficult to watch (theage.com.au)
The soldiers were scarcely able to believe what they saw: the images of the dead and the living that they recorded are extraordinarily difficult to watch. An English producer, Sidney Bernstein, was determined that this footage should be used as evidence, as undeniable proof of what happened in the camps. In assembling his film, he was drawing on the work of scores of soldiers with cameras, skilled editors, and the advice of his friend Alfred Hitchcock, who was attached for a time as an adviser.An Allied soldier filming the liberation of prisoners from German concentration camps in Night Will Fall.
Bernstein specifically wanted his film to be shown to German audiences, who would be confronted with the reality of what went on in their midst. The commentary was written with this in mind. Post-war, however, the political ground shifted quickly.
- Night Will Fall review: Concentration camp scenes extraordinarily difficult to watch (smh.com.au)
Night Will Fall uses some of these harrowing images as part of its narrative, but its impetus is also to tell the story behind them, and to reflect on their aftermath: what they depicted, how they were shot, collected and edited, and what became of them. As well as footage of Bernstein, Singer has some fascinating interviews with English, Soviet and American soldiers who did the filming. He talks to the editors who were confronted with this material, and he has interviews with some of the film’s subjects, camp inmates who can also be identified in the footage.Night Will Fall is a valuable companion piece to German Concentration Camp Survey, the film Bernstein intended to make, that eventually saw the light of day. It was reconstructed recently – with the commentary of the time – and was shown in Australia last year, at events including the Melbourne International Film Festival.
- Alfred Hitchcock holocaust film to go on general release 70 years after suppression (telegraph.co.uk)
the film, described as “of great historical importance”, was shelved amid fears it was too politically sensitive until it was reassembled by experts at the Imperial War Museum (IWM).
Those behind the restoration will announce later this year that they now plan to release it to the public, either in cinemas or on DVD.
The move coincides with the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the concentration camps, which revealed the full scale of the holocaust atrocities.
It comes as more than 2,400 events will be held across the country on Tuesday to mark the Holocaust Memorial Day.
Senior political and religious leaders and celebrities will join survivors at a national commemorative event in London while 70 specially designed candles will be lit around the UK and at Auschwitz.
The documentary film was produced by Granada Television founder Sidney Bernstein on the orders of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force.
- Museum of Jewish Heritage to commemorate 70th anniversary of Auschwitz liberation (pix11.com)
The Museum is hosting Stories of Regeneration from the Second Generation. The free event will feature live storytelling, as children of Holocaust survivors recollect what it was like to grow up in the shadow of the Shoah.The list of prominent storytellers speaking at the event includes: Daniel Libeskind, architect; Joseph Berger, former New York Times reporter and author of Displaced Persons: Growing Up American After the Holocaust; Sam Norich,Publisher, Jewish Daily Forward; Stephanie Butnick, senior editor,Tablet Magazine; Amichai Lau-Lavie, spiritual leader of Lab/Shul and founding director of Storahtelling, Inc.; Museum Trustee Jack Kliger, Chairman/CEO of British Heritage Magazine; and Eva Fogelman, psychologist, author, filmmaker, and co-director of the International Study of Organized Persecution of Children; and others.