In December 2015 was warned by many that global warming will create catastrophic water shortages shortly but also that several countries would have to face more floodings.
In his first address on the global stage of the General Assembly, Spetember 2017, United States’ President Donald Trump touted an “America First” approach at the very institution that is meant to inspire collaboration between nations and gave a clear sign he was not interested at all in protecting nature, water supplies or clean air. Though during his 45-minute speech, President Trump praised national sovereignty, referencing the concept a whopping 21 times.
“Our government’s first duty is to its people, to our citizens — to serve their needs, to ensure their safety, to preserve their rights, and to defend their values,” he told world leaders.
Then we could question him if clean and healthy air was not important for his people. And would clean water not be important for the safety of the American people?
In 2017 exacerbated by climate-related shocks, increasing conflicts have been a key driver of severe food crisis and recently re-emerged famines, and at several islands seawater came higher into the land making the ground salty and unbarren, making people to leave their land to better pastures. Ecological immigration by 2030 will be challenging – achieving it will require renewed efforts through new ways of working.
Worsening food security conditions have been observed in places where economic slowdown has drained foreign exchange and fiscal revenues, affecting both food availability through reduced import capacity and food access through reduced fiscal space to protect poor households against rising domestic food prices.
Some of the highest proportions of food-insecure and malnourished children are found in countries affected by conflict, a situation that is even more alarming in countries characterised by prolonged conflicts and fragile institutions.
Ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition is an ambitious goal, but it is one which could be reached if governments are willing to take care of ecological and political miserable or wrong situations and would be willing to strengthen our common efforts and work to tackle the underlying causes that leave so many people food-insecure, jeopardizing their lives, futures, and the futures of their societies.
The American President does not want to know about global warming but close to his door the average annual temperature has increased by 0.9 degrees Celsius since the middle of the last century in Cuba.
At the same time, great variability has been observed in storm activity and, since 2001, this Caribbean island nation has suffered the impact of 10 intense hurricanes, “unprecedented in history.”
Since 1960 rainfall patterns have changed and droughts have increased significantly, and the average sea level has risen by 6.77 centimetres to date. Coastal flooding caused by the rise of the sea level and strong waves represent the greatest danger to the natural heritage and buildings along the coast.
Future projections indicate that the average sea level rise could reach 27 centimetres by 2050 and 85 centimetres by 2100, causing the gradual loss of the country’s surface area in low-lying coastal areas, as well as the salinisation of underground aquifers.
We can not ignore that it is not only Cuba’s climate that is becoming warmer and more extreme.